Author Topic: List of countries still issuing cast or hammered coins in the twentieth century  (Read 355 times)

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Online <k>

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It is interesting to note how many countries did not use machine-struck coins by the twentieth century. Here I would like to make a list of which countries these were, and the year (if known) when they last issued coins that were not machine-struck. In most cases I will not know the answer, so I invite our more knowledgeable members to join in.
« Last Edit: April 02, 2021, 02:18:16 AM by <k> »
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Online <k>

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Going alphabetically through English names of countries, Afghanistan is the obvious place to start. When was the last cast or hammered coin(s) issued?
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Online <k>

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According to numista, Bhutan issued its final hammered coins in 1927.
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Online <k>

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China. When were the last cast coins issued?
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Online <k>

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Egypt next, I think. What can our members tell us?
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Online <k>

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India must be next. Tell me if I am wrong. A complex situation geopolitically, no doubt.
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Online <k>

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Iran next. When were the last non-machine-struck coins produced?
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Online <k>

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Japan. Should it be included in this topic?
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Online <k>

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What about Korea?
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Online <k>

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What about the various predecessors of Malaysia? And Mongolia?

Still in the M's - the Maldives? Morocco?

Nepal?

Ottoman Empire. Another complex area.
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Online <k>

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Saudi Arabia? Hashemite Kingdom? Hejaz?
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Online <k>

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Siam / Thailand? Tibet?

Tunisia?

Vietnam and predecessors?

Yemen and predecessors?

Have I missed anything?
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Offline Figleaf

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China. When were the last cast coins issued?
China's first machine-struck coins were produced in 1882 in Jilin. Fujian followed in 1885, Guangdong in 1889. The central government in Beijing set up a coining factory in 1905. Source: A monetary history of China by Peng Xinwei. The cast coins are undated. Hartill says: "A few coins were cast at the beginning of the Republic, probably in 1912 only", showing types from Fujian and Yunnan.

Peter
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Offline Figleaf

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You forgot Annam (later part of French Indo China). Last cast coins for Bao Dai (1926-1945). See also this thread. Note: fonte = cast, frappe = struck.

Peter
An unidentified coin is a piece of metal. An identified coin is a piece of history.

Offline Figleaf

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Most of the countries you mention did not cast coins in modern history AFAIK.

Examples: Afghanistan, Bhutan, Egypt, India (though there may be examples of locally produced cast coins; I am just not aware of them), Iran (same note), Ottoman empire, Maldives, Nepal, Saudi Arabia, Jordan, Hejaz, Tunisia, Yemen.

Cast coins are usually clear, round and without fine detail.

Hammered coins go from so good you can't tell if they were hammered or machine struck - e.g. the Schauthalers from Brunswick or the "mazarana" rupees from India - to sloppy, off centre and roundish or worse. Some countries (notably Iran) started out with old, badly maintained presses that produced coins that look like they were hand hammered. In other words, in many countries you mention there is no sharp border between hammered and milled, as there is for British coins.

Peter
« Last Edit: April 01, 2021, 09:05:48 PM by Figleaf »
An unidentified coin is a piece of metal. An identified coin is a piece of history.