Author Topic: Shaybanids / Shahrukhi of Pir Muhammad Bahadur Khan, minted at Bukhara  (Read 294 times)

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Offline Adv. Girish bhambhani

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Is it Humayun Shahrukhi silver coin?
Kindly help in identifying it.
Weight: 4.60 gms approx
Thank you.
« Last Edit: March 28, 2021, 11:28:20 AM by saro »
GIRISH

Offline aws22

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Re: Kindly identify... is it Humayun Shahrukhi?
« Reply #1 on: January 20, 2021, 09:31:39 PM »
Dear Girish, I have corrected your coin orientation:
India, Mogul, Nasir al-Din Muḥammad Humayun, AH 963, Silver shahrukhi, Agra mint (AH 937-963/1530-1540 AD)
Obverse (Fist photo):
Field: Kalima inside cartouche:
لا اله الا الله محمد رسول الله  , La Ilah Illa Allah, Muhammad Rasul Allah
Margin: Around, are the names of the four “Rightly Guided” Caliphs with their epithets:
أبا بكر الصديق / Aba Bakr al-Sideeq / Abu Bakr the faithful,
عمر الفاروق / ‘Umar al-Faruq/ ‘Umar who distinguishes truth from falsehood,
عثمان ذو النورين / ‘Uthman thu al-Noorain, the man with two lights, and
علي المرتضى / ‘Ali al-Murtada / ‘Ali the chosen one”.
Reverse (Second photo):
Field:
Inside cartouche:
 محمد بهادر خان , Muhammad Bahadur Khan, referring to Nasir al-Din Muhammad Humayun.
Margin:
Legend: السلطان الاعظم الخاقان المكرم أبو الغازى خلد الله ملكه وسلطانه  , al-Sultan al-‘Azam abu al-Ghazi, al-Khaqan al-Mukarram, khuld allahu mulkahu wa sultanahu.
At bottom “ Zarb Agra ضرب اکره “, and the date “ 963 ۹۶۳ “.
Nasir al-Din Muḥammad  (نصیرالدین محمد) , better known by his regnal name, Humayun (همایون)‎, was the second emperor of the Mughal Empire, who ruled over territory in what is now Afghanistan, Pakistan, Northern India, and Bangladesh from 1530 to 1540 AD and again from 1555 to 1556 AD.

Maythem
« Last Edit: January 21, 2021, 05:31:10 AM by aws22 »
Coin collecting has a curious name. It is also called the "Hobby of Kings".

Offline Adv. Girish bhambhani

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Re: Kindly identify... is it Humayun Shahrukhi?
« Reply #2 on: January 21, 2021, 06:01:00 AM »
Thank you so much Maythem for the detailed description. It was really helpful!
Cheers!
Girish
GIRISH

Offline saro

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Re: Kindly identify... is it Humayun Shahrukhi?
« Reply #3 on: March 26, 2021, 01:59:19 PM »
I am afraid that's not a mughal coin but a shaybanid of Pir Muhammad Bahadur Khan (963-968 AH).

in the central cartouche there is "Pir Muhammad Bahadur Khan" / "  پیر محمد بهادر خان "
and the mint isn't Agra but Bukhara ( zarb Bukhara at 9 o'clock / left picture)
"All I know is that I know nothing" (Socrates)

Offline aws22

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Re: Kindly identify... is it Humayun Shahrukhi?
« Reply #4 on: March 27, 2021, 08:36:36 AM »
Dear Girish, I agree with Saro ID of your coin, coin details:
Shaybanids, Pir Muhammad Khan bin Jani Beg, Date?, Silver Tanka, Bukhara mint (AH 963-968 AH/1556–1561 AD)
Obverse (First photo):
Field: Kalima inside cartouche:
لا اله الا الله محمد رسول الله  , La Ilah Illa Allah, Muhammad Rasul Allah
Margin: Around, are the names of the four “Rightly Guided” Caliphs with their epithets:
أبا بكر الصديق / Aba Bakr al-Sideeq / Abu Bakr the faithful,
عمر الفاروق / ‘Umar al-Faruq/ ‘Umar who distinguishes truth from falsehood,
عثمان ذو النورين / ‘Uthman thu al-Noorain, the man with two lights, and
علي المرتضى / ‘Ali al-Murtada / ‘Ali the chosen one”.
Reverse (Second photo):
Field:
Inside cartouche:
 پیر محمد  بهادر خان , Pir Muhammad Bahadur Khan, referring to Pir Muhammad Khan bin Jani Beg (پیر محمد خان بن جانی بیگ)
Margin:
Legend:   أبو الغازى ... الخان قاد الزمان بالدنيا والدين خلد الله تعالى ملكه وسلطانه  ,  abu al-Ghazi ... al-Khan (qad) al-Zaman bi al-Dunya wa al-Din, khallad Allah ta'ala mulkahu wa sultanahu.
At bottom “ Zarb Bukhara ضرب بخارا “ at 9 O'clock.
The Shaybanids (سلسله شیبانیان‎) were a Persianized Turko-Mongol dynasty in Central Asia who ruled over most of modern-day Kazakhstan, much of Uzbekistan, and parts of southern Russia in the 15th century. They were the patrilineal descendants of Shiban, the fifth son of Jochi and grandson of Genghis Khan.

Maythem
« Last Edit: March 27, 2021, 12:14:11 PM by aws22 »
Coin collecting has a curious name. It is also called the "Hobby of Kings".

Offline saro

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Re: Kindly identify... is it Humayun Shahrukhi?
« Reply #5 on: March 27, 2021, 09:56:29 AM »
Thank you Maythem, the tanka of Pir Muhammad is indeed very close to the ones of Humayun, except for the title "Bahadur Khan" never used by mughals.
The tanka is also known as sharukhi and misqal (from its weight : 1 misqal = 4,6-4,7g)

At bottom “ Zarb Bukhara ضرب بخارا “, and the date “ 963 ۹۶۳ “.
another detail : the mint is at 9 o'clock and not at bottom and I think, with comparison with a Zeno coin, that which looks like a digit  "3" is the sin of "sultan". This coin could be undated ?
(the last alif of "Bukhara" is not visible on Girish coin)
"All I know is that I know nothing" (Socrates)

Offline aws22

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Re: Kindly identify... is it Humayun Shahrukhi?
« Reply #6 on: March 27, 2021, 12:08:11 PM »
Thank you Saro for your great help, it is clear now except for the words preceding " al- Khan الخان  " and " al-Zaman الزمان ".

Maythem
Coin collecting has a curious name. It is also called the "Hobby of Kings".

Offline saro

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Re: Kindly identify... is it Humayun Shahrukhi?
« Reply #7 on: March 27, 2021, 02:10:38 PM »
Thank you Saro for your great help, it is clear now except for the words preceding " al- Khan الخان  " and " al-Zaman الزمان ".

I think that reads " الخاقان  و  الزمان " / "al-Khaqan wa al-Zaman" ("wa" is at top , letters "N" of "Khaqan" & " Zaman" have no dots)
Khaqan is a turco-mongol title often used by the Khans since Timut Lang.

"All I know is that I know nothing" (Socrates)

Offline aws22

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Re: Kindly identify... is it Humayun Shahrukhi?
« Reply #8 on: March 27, 2021, 04:12:33 PM »
Thank you Saro, in that case the word preceding " al-Khaqan الخاقان " should be " Imam امام " and the complete text reads:
 أبو الغازى الخاقان وامام الزمان بالدنيا والدين خلد الله تعالى ملكه وسلطانه  , abu al-Ghazi al-Khaqan wa Imam al-Zaman bi-al-Dunya wa al-Din, khallad Allah ta'ala mulkahu wa sultanahu.

Maythem
Coin collecting has a curious name. It is also called the "Hobby of Kings".

Offline saro

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Re: Kindly identify... is it Humayun Shahrukhi?
« Reply #9 on: March 27, 2021, 05:32:32 PM »
I have  had an attentive look to the few available tankas of Bukhara mint from this ruler and the word I took for "wa" is not clear or even not present..., so it could be only a small diacritical sign? (and there is no trace of "al-Imam" which would be expected as you noticed).
the full circular legend  appears to be :
  " أبو الغازى الخاقان  الزمان بالدنيا والدين خلد الله تعالى ملكه وسلطانه  "  "  abu al-Ghazi al-Khaqan / al-Zaman bi-al-Dunya wa al-Din, khallad Allah ta'ala mulkahu wa sultanahu.  "
« Last Edit: March 28, 2021, 11:30:06 AM by saro »
"All I know is that I know nothing" (Socrates)

Offline aws22

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Re: Kindly identify... is it Humayun Shahrukhi?
« Reply #10 on: March 27, 2021, 05:47:41 PM »
Very well, thank you Saro. That concludes the ID of Girish coin:
Margin:
" أبو الغازى الخاقان الزمان بالدنيا والدين خلد الله تعالى ملكه وسلطانه ", "  abu al-Ghazi al-Khaqan / al-Zaman bi-al-Dunya wa al-Din, khallad Allah ta'ala mulkahu wa sultanahu ".


Maythem
Coin collecting has a curious name. It is also called the "Hobby of Kings".

Online Figleaf

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Re: Kindly identify... is it Humayun Shahrukhi?
« Reply #11 on: March 27, 2021, 10:39:10 PM »
:applause: Very impressive, gentlemen, to reconstruct so much that was worn away. :applause:

Peter
An unidentified coin is a piece of metal. An identified coin is a piece of history.