Author Topic: Republic of Cyprus: pre-euro coinage  (Read 918 times)

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Online <k>

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Re: Republic of Cyprus: pre-euro coinage
« Reply #15 on: September 22, 2020, 03:48:04 PM »









Above you see the galley design in its different guises on the Cypriot coinage.


Note also that the British Cypriot coins included the word 'mils'.

The coins of the Republic showed only the numerals, and never 'mils' nor 'cents.

 
« Last Edit: September 23, 2020, 04:21:06 PM by <k> »
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Re: Republic of Cyprus: pre-euro coinage
« Reply #16 on: September 22, 2020, 04:05:39 PM »
After independence in 1960, relations between Greek and Turkish Cypriots had at times been tense. In 1967 a coup in Greece had installed a military dictatorship there, which was known as the Colonels' Regime. A long term aim of the military dictatorship was enosis: the union of Greece and Cyprus. By 1974, Dimitrios Ioannidis was the military dictator of Greece.

From Wikipedia:

On July 15 1974, the Ioannidis regime sponsored a coup against Archbishop Makarios, president of Cyprus. Turkey, professing concern for the ethnic-Turkish population on the island, invaded Cyprus five days later, occupying about 20 per cent of the country. This spectacular national disaster rebounded on Ioannidis, who was almost immediately sidelined by the military establishment in favour of an all-party political government under the veteran conservative politician Constantine Karamanlis, who returned to Greece from exile in Paris.

Talks between the new civilian government and Turkey to try to resolve the Cyprus crisis collapsed and Turkey launched a second assault on the island in August, this time seizing and occupying its northern third. Over the next year the country’s ethnic Greeks and Turks, who had lived intermingled, fled or were driven into two ethnically homogeneous regions, a situation that endures today.




To read about how the Greek military dictatorship of 1967 to 1974 affected Greece and its coinage, see: Greece 1973: the fascinating story behind Series A and B.
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Re: Republic of Cyprus: pre-euro coinage
« Reply #17 on: September 22, 2020, 04:14:49 PM »



From Wikipedia:

Northern Cyprus, officially the Turkish Republic of Northern Cyprus, is a de facto state that comprises the northeastern portion of the island of Cyprus. Recognised only by Turkey, Northern Cyprus is considered by the international community to be part of the Republic of Cyprus.

Northern Cyprus extends from the tip of the Karpass Peninsula in the northeast to Morphou Bay, Cape Kormakitis and its westernmost point, the Kokkina exclave in the west. Its southernmost point is the village of Louroujina. A buffer zone under the control of the United Nations stretches between Northern Cyprus and the rest of the island and divides Nicosia, the island's largest city and capital of both sides.

A coup d'état in 1974, performed as part of an attempt to annex the island to Greece, prompted the Turkish invasion of Cyprus. This resulted in the eviction of much of the north's Greek Cypriot population, the flight of Turkish Cypriots from the south, and the partitioning of the island, leading to a unilateral declaration of independence by the north in 1983. Due to its lack of recognition, Northern Cyprus is heavily dependent on Turkey for economic, political and military support.

Attempts to reach a solution to the Cyprus dispute have been unsuccessful. The Turkish Army maintains a large force in Northern Cyprus. While its presence is supported and approved by the TRNC government, the Republic of Cyprus, the European Union as a whole, and the international community regard it as an occupation force, and its presence has been denounced in several United Nations Security Council resolutions.

Northern Cyprus is a semi-presidential, democratic republic with a cultural heritage incorporating various influences and an economy that is dominated by the services sector. The economy has seen growth through the 2000s and 2010s, with the GNP per capita more than tripling in the 2000s, but is held back by an international embargo due to the official closure of the ports in Northern Cyprus by the Republic of Cyprus. The official language is Turkish, with a distinct local dialect being spoken.



Turkish currency is used in Northern Cyprus. Occasionally fantasy pieces have been produced for collectors, purporting to be official coins of the unrecognised state, but they are in no way genuine.
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Re: Republic of Cyprus: pre-euro coinage
« Reply #18 on: September 22, 2020, 08:50:58 PM »



In 1983 Cyprus issued a new coin series.

The Cypriot pound remained at the same value but was now divided into 100 cents, not 1000 mils.


The lowest denomination was now the ½ cent, which was equivalent in value to the old 5 mils coin.

The new ½ cent coin was of the same size, shape, weight and metal as the 5 mils coin of 1981 and 1982.


The reverse of the coin featured the national flower, the Cyprus cyclamen (Cyclamen cyprium).

The ½ cent coin was issued in 1983 only.
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Re: Republic of Cyprus: pre-euro coinage
« Reply #19 on: September 22, 2020, 09:18:22 PM »



The remaining coins of the series were round and made of nickel-brass.

As before, they carried the common obverse of the coat of arms.


All the coins now showed the country name in Greek, Turkish and English.

Previously, only the 5 mils coin of 1981 and 1982 had done that.
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Re: Republic of Cyprus: pre-euro coinage
« Reply #20 on: September 22, 2020, 09:34:19 PM »



The reverse of the 1 cent coin featured a stylised bird in front of a tree branch.

The design was taken from a jug of bichrome ware of the Cypro-archaic period..

The Cypro-archaic period: the second half of the 8th century, to the first half of the 5th century BC.


Interestingly, 1 cent was equivalent to the old 10 mils, but there had never been a 10 mils coin.
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Re: Republic of Cyprus: pre-euro coinage
« Reply #21 on: September 22, 2020, 09:45:40 PM »



The reverse design of the 2 cents coin featured:

"Two heraldically arranged goats from a shallow bowl with two handles of the middle of the 13th century BC."


There had been no equivalent of the 2 cents coin (20 mils) in the previous system.
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Re: Republic of Cyprus: pre-euro coinage
« Reply #22 on: September 22, 2020, 09:51:59 PM »



The reverse of the 5 cents coin featured:

'The head of a bull from a silver bowl (phiale) with a wish-bone handle of the 14th century BC'.
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Re: Republic of Cyprus: pre-euro coinage
« Reply #23 on: September 22, 2020, 10:01:48 PM »



The reverse of the 10 cents coin featured:

'A modern clay vase, from the village of Phini, decorated with birds and flowers.'
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Re: Republic of Cyprus: pre-euro coinage
« Reply #24 on: September 22, 2020, 10:19:02 PM »



The reverse of the 20 cents coin featured a Cyprus pied wheatear (Oenanthe cypriaca).
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Re: Republic of Cyprus: pre-euro coinage
« Reply #25 on: September 22, 2020, 10:19:47 PM »


A Cyprus pied wheatear.
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Re: Republic of Cyprus: pre-euro coinage
« Reply #26 on: September 22, 2020, 10:42:46 PM »



In 1985, the form of the denomination's numerals on all the coins was changed to give them a outlined look.

Above you see the change to the figures on the 20 cents coin.



The image seen above is courtesy of coinz.eu.

The site is well worth a visit. It famously insists that every coin has three sides, not just two.

It therefore always shows the third side, namely the edge.

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Re: Republic of Cyprus: pre-euro coinage
« Reply #27 on: September 23, 2020, 03:23:49 AM »
The designer of the reverses of the coins of the series introduced in 1983 (½ cent to 20 cents) was Clara Zacharaki Georgiou.
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Re: Republic of Cyprus: pre-euro coinage
« Reply #28 on: September 23, 2020, 03:28:35 AM »



In 1989 a new reverse design for the circulation 20 cent coin was introduced.

This design replaced the previous design and portrayed Zenon of Kition(334-264 BC), the founder of Stoic philosophy.


The portrait of Zenon was modelled by Royal Mint (UK) designer Robert Elderton.


See also: Cyprus, 20c, 1988 - Zeno of Kition - variations.
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Re: Republic of Cyprus: pre-euro coinage
« Reply #29 on: September 23, 2020, 03:44:18 AM »



From 1991 an amended version of the coat of arms design was used on the obverse of the coinage.

The details of the dove and in particular its face are much less distinct than before.
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