Author Topic: Samid Amirs of Multan: Amir Hassan-II, AR Damma  (Read 444 times)

0 Members and 1 Guest are viewing this topic.

Offline shiblius

  • Senior Member
  • ***
  • Posts: 206
Samid Amirs of Multan: Amir Hassan-II, AR Damma
« on: September 09, 2019, 05:46:17 AM »
Samid Amirs of Multan, Amir Hassan-II, AR Damma, 0.47g, 9.1-10.4mm.

Obverse: Shri Dharani Varaha in Sharada script
Reverse: Stylized Shri at the top, the three dot motif in center field surrounded by Ta and Pa in Nagari. Below the three dot motif, in Arabic: “Lillah Hassan” (translation: For Allah (struck by the authority of ) Hassan).

On the top-right part of the obverse inscription we can clearly see the letter “Ni”. Fishman and Todd, M71-E12 and Album-1506 , listed as being extremely rare (RRR) in both.

This is an officially issued silver damma (Dramma, Qanhari Dirham) of Amir Hassan-II of the Banu Samids of medieval Multan. The dynasty traces its origin to the Arab tribe of Quraish which was also the tribe of the prophet of Islam. Later on the sources such as Masudi mention that the city of Multan is a frontier Islamic city that is ruled by Arabs of Quraishi descent, and names the dynasty as Banu Munabbih.

The title "Dharani Varaha" is derived from Hindu mythology. Dharani is the name of goddess earth or Bhudevi, who is a consort of the third avatar of Lord Vishnu: Varaha the man-boar. According to the myth, the earth and its inhabitants were tormented by a demon named Hiranyaksha. The demon terrorized the inhabitants of earth, and sucked earth deep into the cosmic ocean, with the aim of destroying it. Lord Vishnu then appeared in his third avatar of the man-boar (Varaha) and rescued goddess earth: Dharani by slaying the demon. Dharani-Varaha refers to the form of the Avatar that is depicted as after having rescued goddess earth. The form is usually portrayed as the man-boar (Varaha) holding up the rescued Dharani on his tusks.

References:
1.   Fishman and Todd, The Silver Damma, IIRNS, 2018.
2.   Album, S. Checklist of Islamic Coins, 2011.

More details and examples at: Amirs of Multan: Hassan-II AR Damma ? ?????? ????
« Last Edit: September 09, 2019, 02:23:53 PM by shiblius »

Offline Figleaf

  • Administrator
  • Honorary Member
  • *****
  • Posts: 32 947
Re: Samid Amirs of Multan: Amir Hassan-II, AR Damma
« Reply #1 on: September 17, 2019, 11:02:06 PM »
A highly interesting coin, shiblius. A witness of a change of times. I like the use of the two scripts, the sharp strike and the document you linked to. It is a great way to get all the joy possible out of a single coin: researching it and putting it in the context of its time. Thank you for posting it here.

Peter
An unidentified coin is a piece of metal. An identified coin is a piece of history.

Offline shiblius

  • Senior Member
  • ***
  • Posts: 206
Re: Samid Amirs of Multan: Amir Hassan-II, AR Damma
« Reply #2 on: September 20, 2019, 03:54:19 AM »
Thanks, Peter!

Offline THCoins

  • Honorary Member
  • *****
  • Posts: 6 341
Re: Samid Amirs of Multan: Amir Hassan-II, AR Damma
« Reply #3 on: September 20, 2019, 12:13:42 PM »
Missed this post due to a small vacation. Glad Peter's reply drew it into attention again !