Author Topic: Reckheim, duit 1642  (Read 2656 times)

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Offline reichspfennig_lt

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Reckheim, duit 1642
« on: February 10, 2014, 08:35:33 PM »
Anyone knows what this coin/token is ? It probably is made from copper or billon.  Date-1642, diameter - ~19 mm, weight - 0,9 gr. It was found in western part of Lithuania (European union).

« Last Edit: February 11, 2014, 02:31:28 PM by Figleaf »

Offline chrisild

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Re: Unidentified coin/token
« Reply #1 on: February 10, 2014, 09:01:37 PM »
Seems that the image file is accessible to members of that forum only. ("Jūs neturite teisės atsisiųsti šio failo.") If that is your image, could you copy and paste it here?

Christian

Offline reichspfennig_lt

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Re: Unidentified coin/token
« Reply #2 on: February 10, 2014, 09:28:43 PM »
Image added. Right-click and then select view image to view normal smaller size version.

Sorry, but it's too big for attachment :(

Offline Afrasi

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Re: Unidentified coin/token
« Reply #3 on: February 10, 2014, 11:14:31 PM »
Sorry! I can see no image. Just make your picture smaller up to 125 kb and show it here.

Offline reichspfennig_lt

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Re: Unidentified coin/token
« Reply #4 on: February 11, 2014, 01:12:24 AM »
Hope You can see it now :)

Online Figleaf

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Re: Unidentified coin/token
« Reply #5 on: February 11, 2014, 02:29:45 PM »
Reckheim, duit 1642, De Mey 229-230 - Purmer / van der Wiel R51.4

Obverse: .FRI. / .CIR. in wreath of tulips.
Reverse: arms of Utrecht in decoration of curls.

Obverse is an imitation of a Friesland duit, genuine pieces have FRI / SIA. Many people could not read, but they would know the general shape of the letters on the coins. The letters FRICIR are said to mean Ferdinandus Romanorum Imperator Cometatus Imperialis Reckheimensis - Ferdinand Roman Emperor Imperial County of Reckheim. This means that the count of Reckheim claims a minting right from the Holy Roman Empire. The Utrecht arms do not mean that this is a mule. In fact, the count and the minters didn't care if the coin was sloppily struck. That just meant that the smugglers were less likely to be caught. This type has not been found before with the date 1642. Only 1622 and no date are known. This may again be just a question of sloppy die-sinking.

Reckheim (now Rekem in Belgium) is a village on the river Meuse. It was nominally independent, but in fact a protectorate of the Spanish Habsburgs in the (catholic) Southern Netherlands, now Belgium. They were at war with the protestant Republic of the Seven United Netherlands (now the Netherlands). The Habsburgs permitted Reckheim and a few other small noblemen to wage an economic war against the protestants in the North, by striking lightweight small coppers.

The coins were distributed by smugglers, who ran the real risk of being caught and executed, while the counts remained safe on the other side of the border.

Imagine borrowed from this site.

Peter
An unidentified coin is a piece of metal. An identified coin is a piece of history.

Offline reichspfennig_lt

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Re: Reckheim, duit 1642
« Reply #6 on: February 11, 2014, 03:11:54 PM »
Thank You very much ;)

Offline reichspfennig_lt

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Re: Unidentified coin/token
« Reply #7 on: February 11, 2014, 03:29:02 PM »
Reckheim, duit 1642, De Mey 229-230 - Purmer / van der Wiel R51.4

Maybe You could give me full titles of the catalogues You mentioned ?

Online Figleaf

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Re: Reckheim, duit 1642
« Reply #8 on: February 11, 2014, 03:41:31 PM »
D. Purmer & H.J.van der Wiel, HANDBOEK NEDERLANDS KOPERGELD VAN 1523—1797, KOPEREN MUNTEN GESLAGEN IN DE VOORMALIGE PROVINCIES, STEDEN EN HEERLIJKHEDEN. 1996 ed., cloth, 240 pages, fully illustrated. Copper coins and their silver and gold off-strikes of the Dutch provinces, cities and seigniories. Incl.chapters on copper emergency coinage and the imitations by Reckheim. Dutch text.

Jean-René De Mey, LES MONNAIES DE RECKHEIM (1340?-1720). 1976 ed., paperback, 98 pages, b/w drawings. French text.

Peter
An unidentified coin is a piece of metal. An identified coin is a piece of history.

Offline reichspfennig_lt

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Re: Reckheim, duit 1642
« Reply #9 on: February 11, 2014, 08:08:01 PM »
Thanks again, You've been a great help ;)

Offline Pellinore

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Re: Reckheim, duit 1642
« Reply #10 on: March 08, 2020, 06:54:35 PM »
Here's another of these deceitful imitations, a very common one that copies an Utrecht duit, a small copper coin that was ubiquitous in the 17th century.

AE duit Reckheim, imitation of Utrecht duit. Obv. TRAM – REC – HEM in wreath. Rev. Unclear coat of arms divided with a diagonal line, left field an arabesque, right field an excentric dot. 20 mm, 1.36 gr.

The text imitates the Utrecht duit text TRA - IEC - TUM, Traiectum being Latin for 'ford' or 'bridge', the official Latin name of the city. TRAM REC HEM apparently means Trans Mosam ('Over the river Meuse") ReckHeim, a nasty exploitation of analphabetic widows saving mite by mite, hoping one day to be able to buy a duit.

-- Paul

 

Online Figleaf

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Re: Reckheim, duit 1642
« Reply #11 on: March 08, 2020, 07:42:59 PM »
You got that right, except that you missed an important detail. Utrecht was a hotbed of (yuck, sneeze) PROTESTANTS, those awful people whose articles of faith were just a bit different of (viva!) CATHOLICS who lived in Reckheim. This gave the counts of Reckheim the right, if not the duty to enrich themselves ... uhh ... to wage holy war on the faithless, such as your proverbial widow who were so deserving of hell they ought to get a foretaste on earth.

Now, you wouldn't want a count, even if he ruled only a mini-flyspeck village, to soil his hands with fake coins. So the job of minting these and that of distributing the fakes was outsourced to the hoi polloi, some of whom were hanged by the neck until death followed but that just meant they didn't prey hard enough so it wasn't the count's fault. Anyway, the count had an understanding that mighty Bavaria would protect them, so they were really safe as long as the Republic had other priorities.

Fortunately, the Netherlands no longer have this problem, as its largest measured religion is "none of the above". I don't want to give inspiration to any wild-haired blondes, their minions and imitators, by mentioning that their quasi-religious intolerances strangely resembles that infructuous, but disrupting religious intolerance of three centuries ago.

Peter
An unidentified coin is a piece of metal. An identified coin is a piece of history.