World of Coins

Modern European coins except the euro => Italy, Malta, Cyprus and modern Greece => Topic started by: <k> on September 22, 2020, 12:02:03 PM

Title: Republic of Cyprus: pre-euro coinage
Post by: <k> on September 22, 2020, 12:02:03 PM
(http://www.worldofcoins.eu/forum/index.php?action=dlattach;topic=39617.0;attach=102478;image)

Map of Cyprus.



Until 1960, Cyprus had been a British Crown Colony. See: Cyprus: final coinage under British rule (http://www.worldofcoins.eu/forum/index.php/topic,49443.0.html).

As a result of nationalist violence by Greek Cypriots in the second half of the 1950s, Britain granted Cyprus independence in 1960. However, Britain retained two military bases on the island, which it still holds today.
Title: Re: Republic of Cyprus: pre-euro coinage
Post by: <k> on September 22, 2020, 12:04:27 PM
(http://www.worldofcoins.eu/forum/index.php?action=dlattach;topic=39617.0;attach=102494;image)



From Wikipedia:

The national flag of Cyprus came into use on 16 August 1960, under the Zurich and London Agreements, whereby a constitution was drafted and Cyprus was proclaimed an independent state. The design of the flag deliberately employs peaceful and neutral symbols in an attempt to indicate harmony between the rival Greek and Turkish communities, an ideal that has not yet been realised. In 1963, Greek Cypriot and Turkish Cypriot communities separated because of Cypriot intercommunal violence.
Title: Re: Republic of Cyprus: pre-euro coinage
Post by: <k> on September 22, 2020, 12:06:35 PM
(http://www.worldofcoins.eu/forum/index.php?action=dlattach;topic=39617.0;attach=102493;image)

Coat of arms of Cyprus, 1960 to 2006.



From Wikipedia:

The coat of arms of the Republic of Cyprus depicts a dove carrying an olive branch, symbolizing peace, over "1960", the year of Cypriot independence from British rule. The two-part wreath represents the two ethnic groups of Cyprus, Greeks and Turks.
Title: Re: Republic of Cyprus: pre-euro coinage
Post by: <k> on September 22, 2020, 12:10:13 PM
From Wikipedia:

In 1960, when Cyprus became independent under the terms of the 1959 Independence Agreement, the decimal coinage of Queen Elizabeth II was allowed to stay in circulation.

In 1963, the Republic of Cyprus began to issue its first coins. These were struck at the Royal Mint (UK). The coins of the 1963 issue consisted of the following: 1 mil, 5 mils, 25 mils, 50 mils, and 100 mils.

 
Title: Re: Republic of Cyprus: pre-euro coinage
Post by: <k> on September 22, 2020, 12:15:56 PM
(http://www.worldofcoins.eu/forum/index.php?action=dlattach;topic=39617.0;attach=102495;image)



The lowest denomination of the series was the 1 mil coin.

The aluminium 1 mil coin was 12-sided and had a diameter of 18.5 mm.


Above you see the obverse of the 1 mil coin, featuring the coat of arms.

The coat of arms provided the common obverse of the series.


The obverse and reverse designs of the coins were the work of English artist and engraver William Gardner (http://www.worldofcoins.eu/forum/index.php/topic,9030.0.html).
Title: Re: Republic of Cyprus: pre-euro coinage
Post by: <k> on September 22, 2020, 12:18:11 PM
(http://www.worldofcoins.eu/forum/index.php?action=dlattach;topic=39617.0;attach=102496;image)



The reverse of the 1 mil coin featured the denomination within a wreath of barley.
Title: Re: Republic of Cyprus: pre-euro coinage
Post by: <k> on September 22, 2020, 12:20:20 PM
(http://www.worldofcoins.eu/forum/index.php?action=dlattach;topic=39617.0;attach=102497;image)



Above you see the obverse of the 5 mils coin.

The coin was made of bronze and had a diameter of 26 mm.
Title: Re: Republic of Cyprus: pre-euro coinage
Post by: <k> on September 22, 2020, 12:22:06 PM
(http://www.worldofcoins.eu/forum/index.php?action=dlattach;topic=39617.0;attach=102498;image)



The reverse design of the 5 mils coin featured an ancient Phoenician galley.

It was more or less the same design that appeared on the 100 mils coins of 1955 and 1957.
Title: Re: Republic of Cyprus: pre-euro coinage
Post by: <k> on September 22, 2020, 12:24:36 PM
(http://www.worldofcoins.eu/forum/index.php?action=dlattach;topic=39617.0;attach=102499;image)



There was no 10 mils coin. Above you see the obverse of the 25 mils coin.

The 25, 50 and 100 mils coins were all made of copper-nickel.
Title: Re: Republic of Cyprus: pre-euro coinage
Post by: <k> on September 22, 2020, 12:26:23 PM
(http://www.worldofcoins.eu/forum/index.php?action=dlattach;topic=39617.0;attach=102500;image)



The reverse design of the 25 mils coin featured a stylised cedar of Lebanon tree.

The coin had a diameter of 19.4 mm.
Title: Re: Republic of Cyprus: pre-euro coinage
Post by: <k> on September 22, 2020, 12:29:23 PM
(http://www.worldofcoins.eu/forum/index.php?action=dlattach;topic=39617.0;attach=102501;image)



The copper-nickel 50 mils coin was 23.5 mm in diameter.

The reverse design featured a bunch of grapes.
Title: Re: Republic of Cyprus: pre-euro coinage
Post by: <k> on September 22, 2020, 12:34:38 PM
(http://www.worldofcoins.eu/forum/index.php?action=dlattach;topic=39617.0;attach=102502;image)



The copper-nickel 100 mils coin was 28.45 mm in diameter.

It weighed 11.3 grams and was the highest denomination of the series.

The reverse design featured a male mouflon (Ovis orientalis ophion).

The mouflon is a wild ram (male) or sheep (female) that is native to Cyprus
Title: Re: Republic of Cyprus: pre-euro coinage
Post by: <k> on September 22, 2020, 03:26:54 PM
The 1 mil coin of the series was not minted after 1972, presumably because of rising inflation.


Apart from the 1 mil coin, the reverse designs of all the coins have a wavy pattern towards the rim.

I do not know the reason for this. Perhaps it is meant to symbolise the waves lapping around the island nation.


The artist William Gardner also used a similar pattern on the reverse of the New Zealand 1967 $1 coin.

See also: Beads and dentillations on coins (http://www.worldofcoins.eu/forum/index.php/topic,48643.0.html).
Title: Re: Republic of Cyprus: pre-euro coinage
Post by: <k> on September 22, 2020, 03:43:47 PM
(http://www.worldofcoins.eu/forum/index.php?action=dlattach;topic=39617.0;attach=102511;image)



The bronze 5 mils coin was minted for the last time in 1980.

In 1981 a new 12-sided aluminium version of the coin was issued.

The coin was 20 mm in diameter.


The obverse, seen above, featured an amended version of the coat of arms.

The dove looked rather different from the one shown on the other coins.
Title: Re: Republic of Cyprus: pre-euro coinage
Post by: <k> on September 22, 2020, 03:46:06 PM
(http://www.worldofcoins.eu/forum/index.php?action=dlattach;topic=39617.0;attach=102512;image)



The ancient galley design was retained on the reverse of the 5 mils coin.

The new version of the 5 mils coin was issued in 1981 and 1982 only.

That was because a new design series was issued in 1983.
Title: Re: Republic of Cyprus: pre-euro coinage
Post by: <k> on September 22, 2020, 03:48:04 PM
(http://www.worldofcoins.eu/forum/index.php?action=dlattach;topic=39617.0;attach=102490;image)



(http://www.worldofcoins.eu/forum/index.php?action=dlattach;topic=39617.0;attach=102498;image)



(http://www.worldofcoins.eu/forum/index.php?action=dlattach;topic=39617.0;attach=102512;image)



Above you see the galley design in its different guises on the Cypriot coinage.


Note also that the British Cypriot coins included the word 'mils'.

The coins of the Republic showed only the numerals, and never 'mils' nor 'cents.

 
Title: Re: Republic of Cyprus: pre-euro coinage
Post by: <k> on September 22, 2020, 04:05:39 PM
After independence in 1960, relations between Greek and Turkish Cypriots had at times been tense. In 1967 a coup in Greece had installed a military dictatorship there, which was known as the Colonels' Regime. A long term aim of the military dictatorship was enosis: the union of Greece and Cyprus. By 1974, Dimitrios Ioannidis was the military dictator of Greece.

From Wikipedia:

On July 15 1974, the Ioannidis regime sponsored a coup against Archbishop Makarios, president of Cyprus. Turkey, professing concern for the ethnic-Turkish population on the island, invaded Cyprus five days later, occupying about 20 per cent of the country. This spectacular national disaster rebounded on Ioannidis, who was almost immediately sidelined by the military establishment in favour of an all-party political government under the veteran conservative politician Constantine Karamanlis, who returned to Greece from exile in Paris.

Talks between the new civilian government and Turkey to try to resolve the Cyprus crisis collapsed and Turkey launched a second assault on the island in August, this time seizing and occupying its northern third. Over the next year the country’s ethnic Greeks and Turks, who had lived intermingled, fled or were driven into two ethnically homogeneous regions, a situation that endures today.



To read about how the Greek military dictatorship of 1967 to 1974 affected Greece and its coinage, see: Greece 1973: the fascinating story behind Series A and B (http://www.worldofcoins.eu/forum/index.php/topic,14985.0.html).
Title: Re: Republic of Cyprus: pre-euro coinage
Post by: <k> on September 22, 2020, 04:14:49 PM
(http://www.worldofcoins.eu/forum/index.php?action=dlattach;topic=39617.0;attach=102513;image)



From Wikipedia:

Northern Cyprus, officially the Turkish Republic of Northern Cyprus, is a de facto state that comprises the northeastern portion of the island of Cyprus. Recognised only by Turkey, Northern Cyprus is considered by the international community to be part of the Republic of Cyprus.

Northern Cyprus extends from the tip of the Karpass Peninsula in the northeast to Morphou Bay, Cape Kormakitis and its westernmost point, the Kokkina exclave in the west. Its southernmost point is the village of Louroujina. A buffer zone under the control of the United Nations stretches between Northern Cyprus and the rest of the island and divides Nicosia, the island's largest city and capital of both sides.

A coup d'état in 1974, performed as part of an attempt to annex the island to Greece, prompted the Turkish invasion of Cyprus. This resulted in the eviction of much of the north's Greek Cypriot population, the flight of Turkish Cypriots from the south, and the partitioning of the island, leading to a unilateral declaration of independence by the north in 1983. Due to its lack of recognition, Northern Cyprus is heavily dependent on Turkey for economic, political and military support.

Attempts to reach a solution to the Cyprus dispute have been unsuccessful. The Turkish Army maintains a large force in Northern Cyprus. While its presence is supported and approved by the TRNC government, the Republic of Cyprus, the European Union as a whole, and the international community regard it as an occupation force, and its presence has been denounced in several United Nations Security Council resolutions.

Northern Cyprus is a semi-presidential, democratic republic with a cultural heritage incorporating various influences and an economy that is dominated by the services sector. The economy has seen growth through the 2000s and 2010s, with the GNP per capita more than tripling in the 2000s, but is held back by an international embargo due to the official closure of the ports in Northern Cyprus by the Republic of Cyprus. The official language is Turkish, with a distinct local dialect being spoken.


Turkish currency is used in Northern Cyprus. Occasionally fantasy pieces have been produced for collectors, purporting to be official coins of the unrecognised state, but they are in no way genuine.
Title: Re: Republic of Cyprus: pre-euro coinage
Post by: <k> on September 22, 2020, 08:50:58 PM
(http://www.worldofcoins.eu/forum/index.php?action=dlattach;topic=39617.0;attach=102520;image)



In 1983 Cyprus issued a new coin series.

The Cypriot pound remained at the same value but was now divided into 100 cents, not 1000 mils.


The lowest denomination was now the ½ cent, which was equivalent in value to the old 5 mils coin.

The new ½ cent coin was of the same size, shape, weight and metal as the 5 mils coin of 1981 and 1982.


The reverse of the coin featured the national flower, the Cyprus cyclamen (Cyclamen cyprium).

The ½ cent coin was issued in 1983 only.
Title: Re: Republic of Cyprus: pre-euro coinage
Post by: <k> on September 22, 2020, 09:18:22 PM
(http://www.worldofcoins.eu/forum/index.php?action=dlattach;topic=39617.0;attach=102522;image)



The remaining coins of the series were round and made of nickel-brass.

As before, they carried the common obverse of the coat of arms.


All the coins now showed the country name in Greek, Turkish and English.

Previously, only the 5 mils coin of 1981 and 1982 had done that.
Title: Re: Republic of Cyprus: pre-euro coinage
Post by: <k> on September 22, 2020, 09:34:19 PM
(http://www.worldofcoins.eu/forum/index.php?action=dlattach;topic=39617.0;attach=102523;image)



The reverse of the 1 cent coin featured a stylised bird in front of a tree branch.

The design was taken from a jug of bichrome ware of the Cypro-archaic period..

The Cypro-archaic period: the second half of the 8th century, to the first half of the 5th century BC.


Interestingly, 1 cent was equivalent to the old 10 mils, but there had never been a 10 mils coin.
Title: Re: Republic of Cyprus: pre-euro coinage
Post by: <k> on September 22, 2020, 09:45:40 PM
(http://www.worldofcoins.eu/forum/index.php?action=dlattach;topic=39617.0;attach=102524;image)



The reverse design of the 2 cents coin featured:

"Two heraldically arranged goats from a shallow bowl with two handles of the middle of the 13th century BC."


There had been no equivalent of the 2 cents coin (20 mils) in the previous system.
Title: Re: Republic of Cyprus: pre-euro coinage
Post by: <k> on September 22, 2020, 09:51:59 PM
(http://www.worldofcoins.eu/forum/index.php?action=dlattach;topic=39617.0;attach=102525;image)



The reverse of the 5 cents coin featured:

'The head of a bull from a silver bowl (phiale) with a wish-bone handle of the 14th century BC'.
Title: Re: Republic of Cyprus: pre-euro coinage
Post by: <k> on September 22, 2020, 10:01:48 PM
(http://www.worldofcoins.eu/forum/index.php?action=dlattach;topic=39617.0;attach=102526;image)



The reverse of the 10 cents coin featured:

'A modern clay vase, from the village of Phini, decorated with birds and flowers.'
Title: Re: Republic of Cyprus: pre-euro coinage
Post by: <k> on September 22, 2020, 10:19:02 PM
(http://www.worldofcoins.eu/forum/index.php?action=dlattach;topic=39617.0;attach=102527;image)



The reverse of the 20 cents coin featured a Cyprus pied wheatear (Oenanthe cypriaca).
Title: Re: Republic of Cyprus: pre-euro coinage
Post by: <k> on September 22, 2020, 10:19:47 PM
(http://www.worldofcoins.eu/forum/index.php?action=dlattach;topic=39617.0;attach=102528;image)

A Cyprus pied wheatear.
Title: Re: Republic of Cyprus: pre-euro coinage
Post by: <k> on September 22, 2020, 10:42:46 PM
(http://www.worldofcoins.eu/forum/index.php?action=dlattach;topic=39617.0;attach=102529;image)



In 1985, the form of the denomination's numerals on all the coins was changed to give them a outlined look.

Above you see the change to the figures on the 20 cents coin.



The image seen above is courtesy of coinz.eu (http://coinz.eu).

The site is well worth a visit. It famously insists that every coin has three sides, not just two.

It therefore always shows the third side, namely the edge.

Title: Re: Republic of Cyprus: pre-euro coinage
Post by: <k> on September 23, 2020, 03:23:49 AM
The designer of the reverses of the coins of the series introduced in 1983 (½ cent to 20 cents) was Clara Zacharaki Georgiou.
Title: Re: Republic of Cyprus: pre-euro coinage
Post by: <k> on September 23, 2020, 03:28:35 AM
(http://www.worldofcoins.eu/forum/index.php?action=dlattach;topic=39617.0;attach=102530;image)



In 1989 a new reverse design for the circulation 20 cent coin was introduced.

This design replaced the previous design and portrayed Zenon of Kition(334-264 BC), the founder of Stoic philosophy.


The portrait of Zenon was modelled by Royal Mint (UK) designer Robert Elderton (http://www.worldofcoins.eu/forum/index.php/topic,9464.0.html).


See also: Cyprus, 20c, 1988 - Zeno of Kition - variations (http://www.worldofcoins.eu/forum/index.php/topic,44897.0.html).
Title: Re: Republic of Cyprus: pre-euro coinage
Post by: <k> on September 23, 2020, 03:44:18 AM
(http://www.worldofcoins.eu/forum/index.php?action=dlattach;topic=39617.0;attach=102531;image)



From 1991 an amended version of the coat of arms design was used on the obverse of the coinage.

The details of the dove and in particular its face are much less distinct than before.
Title: Re: Republic of Cyprus: pre-euro coinage
Post by: <k> on September 23, 2020, 04:24:03 AM
(http://www.worldofcoins.eu/forum/index.php?action=dlattach;topic=39617.0;attach=102522;image)

Coat of arms, 1983 to 1990.



(http://www.worldofcoins.eu/forum/index.php?action=dlattach;topic=39617.0;attach=102531;image)

Coat of arms, 1991 to 2004.



Above is a look back at the two different coats of arms used on the coins of the final design series.
Title: Re: Republic of Cyprus: pre-euro coinage
Post by: <k> on September 23, 2020, 04:25:14 AM
(http://www.worldofcoins.eu/forum/index.php?action=dlattach;topic=39617.0;attach=102532;image)



In 1991 a new denomination was introduced: the 50 cents coin.

The coin was made of copper-nickel, was 26 mm in diameter, and weighed 7 grams.


It was heptagonal and a product of the Royal Mint (UK).

See also: An Alphabet of Heptagons: Seven-Sided Coins (http://www.worldofcoins.eu/forum/index.php/topic,9903.0.html).
Title: Re: Republic of Cyprus: pre-euro coinage
Post by: <k> on September 23, 2020, 04:25:32 AM
(http://www.worldofcoins.eu/forum/index.php?action=dlattach;topic=39617.0;attach=102533;image)



The reverse design of the 50 cents was based on a coin of the Cypriot Kingdom of Marion issued in the 4th century BC.

That ancient coin depicted the abduction of Europa by Zeus, who had transfigured himself into the form of a bull.

 
Title: Re: Republic of Cyprus: pre-euro coinage
Post by: <k> on September 23, 2020, 04:26:17 AM
In 1992 the ½ cent coin ceased to be legal tender.

The final coins of the Cypriot pound were dated 2004.


On 1 January 2008 Cyprus officially adopted the euro.

The euro coins then replaced the coins of the Cyprus pound.
Title: Re: Republic of Cyprus: pre-euro coinage
Post by: <k> on September 23, 2020, 04:30:28 AM
(http://www.worldofcoins.eu/forum/index.php?action=dlattach;topic=43527.0;attach=84895;image)

Cyprus, 5 euro cents.



(http://www.worldofcoins.eu/forum/index.php?action=dlattach;topic=43527.0;attach=84896;image|)

Cyprus, 100 mils.



See also: Pre-euro to euro design continuity (http://www.worldofcoins.eu/forum/index.php/topic,43527.0.html).
Title: Re: Republic of Cyprus: pre-euro coinage
Post by: <k> on September 23, 2020, 04:58:59 AM
(http://www.worldofcoins.eu/forum/index.php?action=dlattach;topic=39617.0;attach=102486;image)

Cyprus, 5 mils, 1955.


See also: Cyprus: final coinage under British rule (http://www.worldofcoins.eu/forum/index.php/topic,49443.0.html).

 
Title: Re: Republic of Cyprus: pre-euro coinage
Post by: <k> on October 12, 2020, 12:58:27 PM
Western Europe: Some pre-euro coinages issued after 1945.

01] Austria: pre-euro coinage from 1946 to 2001 (http://www.worldofcoins.eu/forum/index.php/topic,43846.0.html).

02] Belgian franc: from 1948 until the euro (http://www.worldofcoins.eu/forum/index.php/topic,45431.0.html).

03] Coinage of Switzerland (http://www.worldofcoins.eu/forum/index.php/topic,45897.0.html).

04] Cyprus: final coinage under British rule (http://www.worldofcoins.eu/forum/index.php/topic,49443.0.html).

05] Finland: Wildlife series of the 1990s (http://www.worldofcoins.eu/forum/index.php/topic,25942.0.html).

06] French coins from the 1950s until the introduction of the euro (http://www.worldofcoins.eu/forum/index.php/topic,47843.0.html).

07] German coinage of the Allied occupation, 1945 to 1948 (http://www.worldofcoins.eu/forum/index.php/topic,46863.0.html).

08] Greece 1973: the fascinating story behind Series A and B (http://www.worldofcoins.eu/forum/index.php/topic,14985.0.html).

09] Icelandic marine series, 1981 to date (http://www.worldofcoins.eu/forum/index.php/topic,14175.0.html).

10] Italy's final pre-euro coinage (http://www.worldofcoins.eu/forum/index.php/topic,43868.0.html).

11] Luxembourg's coinage after World War 2 but before the euro (http://www.worldofcoins.eu/forum/index.php/topic,47910.0.html).

12] Malta's pre-euro coinage, 1972-2007 (http://www.worldofcoins.eu/forum/index.php/topic,9100.0.html).

13] Milestones in the coinage of the Netherlands (http://www.worldofcoins.eu/forum/index.php/topic,35965.0.html).

14] Milestones in the decimal coinage of Gibraltar (http://www.worldofcoins.eu/forum/index.php/topic,12037.0.html).

15] Milestones in the decimal coinage of Guernsey (http://www.worldofcoins.eu/forum/index.php/topic,11469.0.html).

16] Milestones in the decimal coinage of Ireland (http://www.worldofcoins.eu/forum/index.php/topic,43366.0.html).

17] Milestones in the decimal coinage of Jersey (http://www.worldofcoins.eu/forum/index.php/topic,11503.0.html).

18] Milestones in the decimal coinage of the Isle of Man (http://www.worldofcoins.eu/forum/index.php/topic,11994.0.html).

19] Milestones in the decimal coinage of the UK (http://www.worldofcoins.eu/forum/index.php/topic,12072.0.html).

20] Norwegian wildlife series, 1958 to 1973 (http://www.worldofcoins.eu/forum/index.php/topic,14248.0.html).

21] Portugal's final pre-euro coin series (http://www.worldofcoins.eu/forum/index.php/topic,44163.0.html).

22] Pre-euro Coinage of the Federal Republic of Germany (http://www.worldofcoins.eu/forum/index.php/topic,45480.0.html).

23] Pre-euro coinage of the Republic of Greece, 1976 to 2001 (http://www.worldofcoins.eu/forum/index.php/topic,49456.0.html).

24] Republic of Cyprus: pre-euro coinage (http://www.worldofcoins.eu/forum/index.php/topic,49444.0.html).

25] Spain: pre-euro coinage of King Juan Carlos I (http://www.worldofcoins.eu/forum/index.php/topic,49513.0.html).