World of Coins

Modern European coins except the euro => Benelux => Topic started by: <k> on March 02, 2020, 10:41:31 AM

Title: Luxembourg's coinage after World War 2 but before the euro
Post by: <k> on March 02, 2020, 10:41:31 AM
(http://www.worldofcoins.eu/forum/index.php?action=dlattach;topic=39617.0;attach=97408;image)

Map of Benelux.



(http://www.worldofcoins.eu/forum/index.php?action=dlattach;topic=39617.0;attach=97405;image)

Map of Luxembourg.



With an area of 2586 square kilometres (998 sq miles), Luxembourg is one of the smallest sovereign states in Europe. In 2019 Luxembourg had a population of 614 000, which makes it one of the least-populous countries in Europe, but by far the one with the highest population growth rate. Foreigners account for nearly half of Luxembourg's population. As a representative democracy with a constitutional monarch, it is headed by Grand Duke Henri and is the world's only remaining sovereign grand duchy. Luxembourg is a developed country, with an advanced economy and one of the world's highest GDP (PPP) per capita. The City of Luxembourg with its old quarters and fortifications was declared a UNESCO World Heritage Site in 1994 due to the exceptional preservation of the vast fortifications and the old city.
Title: Re: Luxembourg's coinage after World War 2 but before the euro
Post by: <k> on March 02, 2020, 10:51:20 AM
(http://www.worldofcoins.eu/forum/index.php?action=dlattach;topic=39617.0;attach=97409;image)

Luxembourg's flag.
Title: Re: Luxembourg's coinage after World War 2 but before the euro
Post by: <k> on March 02, 2020, 10:53:07 AM
(http://www.worldofcoins.eu/forum/index.php?action=dlattach;topic=39617.0;attach=97406;image)

Luxembourg's Lesser Coat of Arms.



(http://www.worldofcoins.eu/forum/index.php?action=dlattach;topic=39617.0;attach=97407;image)

Luxembourg's Greater Coat of Arms.
Title: Re: Luxembourg's coinage after World War 2 but before the euro
Post by: <k> on March 02, 2020, 10:56:46 AM
Nazi Germany invaded and annexed Luxembourg in 1940. For the duration of the war, Luxembourg used German coinage.

In 1946 Luxembourg began issuing her own coinage again.
Title: Re: Luxembourg's coinage after World War 2 but before the euro
Post by: <k> on March 02, 2020, 10:58:30 AM
A 25 centimes coin was issued in bronze in 1946 and 1947. It featured the coat of arms on the obverse.
Title: Re: Luxembourg's coinage after World War 2 but before the euro
Post by: <k> on March 02, 2020, 11:06:05 AM
A copper-nickel 1 franc coin was issued in bronze in 1946 and 1947. It was 23 mm in diameter.

The reverse design featured an iron puddler. This design had also been used before World War 2.

From Wikipedia:

An iron puddler was an occupation in iron manufacturing. The process of puddling was the occupation's chief responsibility. Puddling was an improved process to convert pig iron into wrought iron with the use of a reverberatory furnace.

Working as a two-man crew, a puddler and helper could produce about 3300 lb (1500 kg) of iron in a 12-hour shift. The strenuous labor, heat and fumes caused puddlers to have a short life expectancy, with most dying in their 30s. Puddling was never automated.
Title: Re: Luxembourg's coinage after World War 2 but before the euro
Post by: <k> on March 02, 2020, 11:25:21 AM
In 1949 a 5 francs coin was issued - a one-year type only.

The obverse featured a portrait of Grand Duchess Charlotte (https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Charlotte,_Grand_Duchess_of_Luxembourg).

The reverse featured roses.

Note the word 'FRANG' for 'FRANC', which is in the Luxembourgish dialect - a variation of German.
Title: Re: Luxembourg's coinage after World War 2 but before the euro
Post by: <k> on March 02, 2020, 11:30:24 AM
From 1952 a smaller version of the regular 1 franc coin was issued. It was now 20 mm in diameter instead of 23 mm.

The design was altered slightly and no longer had a straight line across the exergue.

The way in which the numerals that show the year are fitted into the exergue is interesting.
Title: Re: Luxembourg's coinage after World War 2 but before the euro
Post by: <k> on March 02, 2020, 11:31:59 AM
From 1954 onwards the 25 centimes was issued in aluminium instead of bronze.

The coin was issued infrequently (not every year). 1972 was the year of its final issue.
Title: Re: Luxembourg's coinage after World War 2 but before the euro
Post by: <k> on March 02, 2020, 11:43:30 AM
In 1962 a 5 francs coin was issued that featured a portrait of the Grand Duchess.

Again, this was a one-year type.
Title: Re: Luxembourg's coinage after World War 2 but before the euro
Post by: <k> on March 02, 2020, 12:38:36 PM
The Grand Duchess abdicated in 1964, and she was succeeded by her son, Grand Duke Jean (https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Jean,_Grand_Duke_of_Luxembourg).

In 1965 the first coin of his reign,a 1 franc coin, was issued, featuring his portrait on the obverse.

This coin type was issued through to 1984.

The simple reverse design featured a wreath.
Title: Re: Luxembourg's coinage after World War 2 but before the euro
Post by: <k> on March 02, 2020, 12:48:53 PM
A 5 francs coin was issued in 1971 through to 1981, though not in every year during that period.

The reverse showed oak leaves.
Title: Re: Luxembourg's coinage after World War 2 but before the euro
Post by: <k> on March 02, 2020, 01:04:19 PM
A 10 francs coin was issued in 1971 through to 1980, though not in every year during that period.

The same obverse portrait was used of the Grand Duke.

The reverse design featured stylised oak leaves and acorns.

Notice the stroke across each figure 7.

Engraver Julien Lefèvre created many of his works with his wife Nina-Victorine Kestler. These works came out under the common name "Julien et Nina Lefèvre", hence the initials N.J.L.
Title: Re: Luxembourg's coinage after World War 2 but before the euro
Post by: <k> on March 02, 2020, 01:23:16 PM
A similar 20 francs coin was issued from 1980 to 1983.

The coin was made of aluminium-nickel-bronze.

The reverse featured two oak branches.
Title: Re: Luxembourg's coinage after World War 2 but before the euro
Post by: <k> on March 02, 2020, 01:37:22 PM
In 1986 and 1987 only, a new 1 franc type was issued with the initials IML on the reverse, which stand for 'Luxembourg Monetary Institute'.
Title: Re: Luxembourg's coinage after World War 2 but before the euro
Post by: <k> on March 02, 2020, 01:49:54 PM
A similar 5 francs coin, in brass, was issued from 1986 to 1988.
Title: Re: Luxembourg's coinage after World War 2 but before the euro
Post by: <k> on March 02, 2020, 01:55:46 PM
From 1987 to 1989, a new nickel 50 francs coin was issued. It had a polygonal inner rim.
Title: Re: Luxembourg's coinage after World War 2 but before the euro
Post by: <k> on March 02, 2020, 02:19:49 PM
In 1988 a smaller lighter 1 franc coin was issued.

This time it was made of nickel-plated steel, instead of copper-nickel.

This was the final version of the 1 franc coin, and it was minted through to 1995.
Title: Re: Luxembourg's coinage after World War 2 but before the euro
Post by: <k> on March 02, 2020, 02:30:23 PM
A similar 5 francs was issued from 1989 to 1995.

It was made of aluminium-nickel-bronze.

Note the spelling, in German dialect, of the country name on these last two coins.

The official spelling has been changed from 'Letzeburg' to 'Lëtzebuerg'.​
Title: Re: Luxembourg's coinage after World War 2 but before the euro
Post by: <k> on March 02, 2020, 02:34:10 PM
A similar 50 francs coin was issued from 1989 to 1995.

Apart from the changed legends on the reverse, in every other respect it was the same as the previous version.
Title: Re: Luxembourg's coinage after World War 2 but before the euro
Post by: <k> on March 02, 2020, 02:49:34 PM
The final coin in this series, the 20 francs coin, was issued in 1990 through to 1995.

After 1995, no more circulation coins were minted.
Title: Re: Luxembourg's coinage after World War 2 but before the euro
Post by: <k> on March 02, 2020, 02:59:03 PM
Luxembourg adopted euro coinage in 2002.

 
Title: Re: Luxembourg's coinage after World War 2 but before the euro
Post by: <k> on March 02, 2020, 02:59:20 PM
Please post any comments in this topic:

Comments on 'Luxembourg's coinage after World War 2 but before the euro' (http://www.worldofcoins.eu/forum/index.php/topic,47911.0.html)
Title: Re: Luxembourg's coinage after World War 2 but before the euro
Post by: <k> on May 09, 2020, 03:29:55 PM
Western Europe: Some pre-euro coinages issued after 1945.

01] Austria: pre-euro coinage from 1946 to 2001 (http://www.worldofcoins.eu/forum/index.php/topic,43846.0.html).

02] Belgian franc: from 1948 until the euro (http://www.worldofcoins.eu/forum/index.php/topic,45431.0.html).

03] Coinage of Switzerland (http://www.worldofcoins.eu/forum/index.php/topic,45897.0.html).

04] Cyprus: final coinage under British rule (http://www.worldofcoins.eu/forum/index.php/topic,49443.0.html).

05] Finland: Wildlife series of the 1990s (http://www.worldofcoins.eu/forum/index.php/topic,25942.0.html).

06] French coins from the 1950s until the introduction of the euro (http://www.worldofcoins.eu/forum/index.php/topic,47843.0.html).

07] German coinage of the Allied occupation, 1945 to 1948 (http://www.worldofcoins.eu/forum/index.php/topic,46863.0.html).

08] Greece 1973: the fascinating story behind Series A and B (http://www.worldofcoins.eu/forum/index.php/topic,14985.0.html).

09] Icelandic marine series, 1981 to date (http://www.worldofcoins.eu/forum/index.php/topic,14175.0.html).

10] Italy's final pre-euro coinage (http://www.worldofcoins.eu/forum/index.php/topic,43868.0.html).

11] Luxembourg's coinage after World War 2 but before the euro (http://www.worldofcoins.eu/forum/index.php/topic,47910.0.html).

12] Malta's pre-euro coinage, 1972-2007 (http://www.worldofcoins.eu/forum/index.php/topic,9100.0.html).

13] Milestones in the coinage of the Netherlands (http://www.worldofcoins.eu/forum/index.php/topic,35965.0.html).

14] Milestones in the decimal coinage of Gibraltar (http://www.worldofcoins.eu/forum/index.php/topic,12037.0.html).

15] Milestones in the decimal coinage of Guernsey (http://www.worldofcoins.eu/forum/index.php/topic,11469.0.html).

16] Milestones in the decimal coinage of Ireland (http://www.worldofcoins.eu/forum/index.php/topic,43366.0.html).

17] Milestones in the decimal coinage of Jersey (http://www.worldofcoins.eu/forum/index.php/topic,11503.0.html).

18] Milestones in the decimal coinage of the Isle of Man (http://www.worldofcoins.eu/forum/index.php/topic,11994.0.html).

19] Milestones in the decimal coinage of the UK (http://www.worldofcoins.eu/forum/index.php/topic,12072.0.html).

20] Norwegian wildlife series, 1958 to 1973 (http://www.worldofcoins.eu/forum/index.php/topic,14248.0.html).

21] Portugal's final pre-euro coin series (http://www.worldofcoins.eu/forum/index.php/topic,44163.0.html).

22] Pre-euro Coinage of the Federal Republic of Germany (http://www.worldofcoins.eu/forum/index.php/topic,45480.0.html).

23] Pre-euro coinage of the Republic of Greece, 1976 to 2001 (http://www.worldofcoins.eu/forum/index.php/topic,49456.0.html).

24] Republic of Cyprus: pre-euro coinage (http://www.worldofcoins.eu/forum/index.php/topic,49444.0.html).

25] Spain: pre-euro coinage of King Juan Carlos I (http://www.worldofcoins.eu/forum/index.php/topic,49513.0.html).