World of Coins

Modern coins, pseudo coins and trade tokens of other continents => Sub-Saharan Africa => East Africa => Topic started by: <k> on January 02, 2019, 04:37:32 PM

Title: Kenya's coinage since independence
Post by: <k> on January 02, 2019, 04:37:32 PM
(http://www.worldofcoins.eu/forum/index.php?action=dlattach;topic=39617.0;attach=87142;image)

Kenya's location in East Africa.



(http://www.worldofcoins.eu/forum/index.php?action=dlattach;topic=39617.0;attach=87141;image)

Map of Kenya.



From Wikipedia:

The Republic of Kenya (https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Kenya) is a country in Africa with its capital and largest city in Nairobi. Kenya's territory lies on the equator and overlies the East African Rift, covering a diverse and expansive terrain that extends roughly from Lake Victoria to Lake Turkana (formerly called Lake Rudolf) and further south-east to the Indian Ocean.

The British Empire established a protectorate over Kenya in 1895, followed by the Kenya Colony (https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Kenya_Colony) in 1920. Kenya gained independence in December 1963 but has remained a member of the Commonwealth of Nations.

Kenya's economy is the largest in eastern and central Africa, with Nairobi serving as a major regional commercial hub. Kenya had a population of approximately 48 million people in January 2017. Kenya has a young population, with 73% of residents aged below 30 years because of rapid population growth.
Title: Re: Kenya's coinage since independence
Post by: <k> on January 02, 2019, 04:40:50 PM
From Wikipedia:

The coat of arms of Kenya features two lions, a symbol of protection, holding spears and a traditional East African shield. The shield and spears symbolize unity and defence of freedom. The shield contains the national colours, representing:

Black for the people of Kenya.
Red for the struggle for freedom.
Green for the agriculture and natural resources.
White for unity and peace.

On the shield is a rooster holding an axe while moving forward, portraying authority, the will to work, success, and the break of a new dawn. It is also the symbol of the Kenya African National Union (KANU) party that led the country to independence.

The shield and lions stand on a silhouette of Mount Kenya containing in the foreground examples of Kenya agricultural produce - coffee, pyrethrum, sisal, tea, maize and pineapples.

The coat of arms is supported by a scroll upon which is written the word 'Harambee'. In Swahili, Harambee means "pulling together" or "all for one".
Title: Re: Kenya's coinage since independence
Post by: <k> on January 02, 2019, 04:44:10 PM
From Wikipedia:

The flag of Kenya is a tricolour of black, red, and green with two white edges imposed with a red, white and black Maasai shield and two crossed spears. The flag is based on that of Kenya African National Union and was officially adopted on 12 December 1963 after Kenya's independence.

The colour black represents the people of the Republic of Kenya, red for the blood shed during the fight for independence, and green for the country's landscape and natural wealth. The white fimbriation was added later to symbolise peace and honesty. The black, red, and white traditional Maasai shield and two spears symbolise the defence of all the things mentioned above.
Title: Re: Kenya's coinage since independence
Post by: <k> on January 02, 2019, 05:04:16 PM
(http://www.worldofcoins.eu/forum/index.php?action=dlattach;topic=22419.0;attach=36283;image)

East African currency union: 50 cents coin of 1954.



After gaining independence in 1963, Kenya continued to use the East African shilling until 14 September 1966. That currency had also served Uganda and Tanzania, prior to their independence.

See also: British Empire: East Africa and Uganda Protectorates (http://www.worldofcoins.eu/forum/index.php/topic,22419.0.html).
Title: Re: Kenya's coinage since independence
Post by: <k> on January 02, 2019, 05:07:52 PM
(http://www.worldofcoins.eu/forum/index.php?action=dlattach;topic=39617.0;attach=87146;image)

Jomo Kenyatta.



Jomo Kenyatta (c. 1890s – 1978) served as the first Prime Minister (1963–1964) and President (1964–1978) of Kenya. He is considered the founding father of the Kenyan nation. In 1947 he was elected president of the Kenya African Union, but in 1952 he was arrested and charged with being a member of the Mau Mau Society. He was imprisoned from 1953 to 1960 but was admitted into the Legislative Council after his release in 1961. In 1961 and 1962 he led the KANU delegation to first and second Lancaster Conference in London where Kenya's independence constitution was negotiated.

Elections were held in May 1963, which KANU won. On 1 June 1963, Kenyatta became prime minister of the autonomous Kenyan government, with Queen Elizabeth II remaining as Head of State, styled "Queen of Kenya". Kenyatta consistently asked white settlers not to leave Kenya and supported reconciliation. He retained the role of prime minister after independence was declared on 12 December 1963. On 1 June 1964, Kenyatta became President when he successfully had Parliament amend the Constitution to make Kenya a republic with his office becoming executive President: the head of State, head of Government, and Commander-in-Chief of the armed forces. On 10 November 1964, KADU officially dissolved and its representatives joined KANU, forming a single party.

On 22 August 1978, President Kenyatta died in Mombasa of natural causes attributable to old age.

See Wikipedia: Jomo Kenyatta (http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Jomo_Kenyatta).
Title: Re: Kenya's coinage since independence
Post by: <k> on January 02, 2019, 05:16:02 PM
From Wikipedia:

On 14 September 1966, the Kenyan shilling replaced the East African shilling at par, although the latter was not demonetised until 1969.

The first coins were issued in 1966 in denominations of 5, 10, 25 and 50 cents, and 1 and 2 shillings; 25-cent coins were not minted after 1969 (except in the 1973 set); 2-shilling coins were last minted in 1971 (except in the 1973 set). The portrait of Jomo Kenyatta, the first president of Kenya, originally appeared on the obverse of all of independent Kenya's coins.



The coins were produced at the Royal Mint (UK). The designs were the work of Norman Sillman (http://www.worldofcoins.eu/forum/index.php/topic,6692.0.html).

See also: Circulation coins where one side has neither text nor numerals (http://www.worldofcoins.eu/forum/index.php/topic,9985.0.html).

 
Title: Re: Kenya's coinage since independence
Post by: <k> on January 02, 2019, 05:24:50 PM
The 5 cent coins were made of nickel-brass.
Title: Re: Kenya's coinage since independence
Post by: <k> on January 02, 2019, 05:26:37 PM
The 10 cent coins were also made of nickel-brass.
Title: Re: Kenya's coinage since independence
Post by: <k> on January 02, 2019, 05:30:44 PM
The higher denominations, from the 25 cents coin upwards, were made of copper-nickel.
Title: Re: Kenya's coinage since independence
Post by: <k> on January 02, 2019, 05:36:27 PM
The obverse of the 50 cents coin. The coat of arms appeared on all the obverses, while President Kenyatta appeared on all the reverses.

Here, I am taking the obverse as the side that shows the country name.
Title: Re: Kenya's coinage since independence
Post by: <k> on January 02, 2019, 05:39:16 PM
(http://www.worldofcoins.eu/forum/index.php?action=dlattach;topic=9985.0;attach=87147;image)

The 1 shilling coin.
Title: Re: Kenya's coinage since independence
Post by: <k> on January 02, 2019, 05:43:06 PM
(http://www.worldofcoins.eu/forum/index.php?action=dlattach;topic=12529.0;attach=88673;image)

The same design format was repeated on the 2 shillings coin, which was the highest denomination at that time.

 
Title: Re: Kenya's coinage since independence
Post by: <k> on January 02, 2019, 05:46:35 PM
In 1969, a legend was added to the reverse of all the coins, showing Kenyatta's full name and status.



See also:

1] Cents without dollars, shillings and pounds without pence (http://www.worldofcoins.eu/forum/index.php/topic,12527.0.html).

2] Circulation sets with a common obverse and a common reverse (http://www.worldofcoins.eu/forum/index.php/topic,31076.0.html).

Title: Re: Kenya's coinage since independence
Post by: <k> on January 02, 2019, 10:11:49 PM
(http://www.worldofcoins.eu/forum/index.php?action=dlattach;topic=39617.0;attach=91943;image)

Daniel Toroitich arap Moi (born 1924) was the President of Kenya from 1978 to 2002. Previously, under President Jomo Kenyatta, he was Vice-President from 1967 to 1978; he succeeded Kenyatta as President upon the latter's death. Moi was constitutionally barred from running in the 2002 presidential elections. He was succeeded as president by Mwai Kibaki.

See Wikipedia: Daniel arap Moi (http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Daniel_arap_Moi)

 
Title: Re: Kenya's coinage since independence
Post by: <k> on January 02, 2019, 10:21:44 PM
(http://www.worldofcoins.eu/forum/index.php?action=dlattach;topic=9903.0;attach=77236;image)

Kenya, 5 shillings, 1985, showing Arap Moi's portrait.



Coins bearing Kenyatta's portrait were still issued in 1978, since he did not die until August of that year. Coins bearing President Moi's portrait were then issued, also with the year 1978. Norman Sillman, who had produced the portrait of Kenyatta, also produced the portrait of Moi that appears on the coins.

Under Moi, a new denomination was added: the 5 shillings coin. It was heptagonal and had the same dimensions of the UK 50 pence coin of the time, since it was produced at the Royal Mint (UK).



See also:

1] An Alphabet of Heptagons: Seven-sided Coins (http://www.worldofcoins.eu/forum/index.php/topic,9903.0.html).

2] Heraldic, mythical, national and symbolic lions (http://www.worldofcoins.eu/forum/index.php/topic,18887.0.html).
Title: Re: Kenya's coinage since independence
Post by: <k> on January 03, 2019, 11:44:43 AM
In 1994, the 10 cents was changed to brass-plated steel, while 50 cents and and 1 and 5 shillings were changed to nickel-plated steel, but otherwise they did not change. They retained the same large coat of arms.

Also in 1994, a new circulating denomination of 10 shillings was added. It had a copper-nickel centre in an aluminium-bronze ring. It weighed 5 grams and was 23 mm in diameter. The coat of arms was much smaller on this coin, and the denominational numerals consequently took up more space.
Title: Re: Kenya's coinage since independence
Post by: <k> on January 03, 2019, 11:58:59 AM
In 1995 the 5 shillings was also made bimetallic and minted until 1997. It weighed 3.75 grams and was 20 mm in diameter.
Title: Re: Kenya's coinage since independence
Post by: <k> on January 03, 2019, 12:07:23 PM
In 1995 only, the 10 cents appeared in copper-plated steel, with the standard portrait of Arap Moi and the smaller coat of arms,
Title: Re: Kenya's coinage since independence
Post by: <k> on January 03, 2019, 12:08:57 PM
From 1995 to 1997, the 50 cents was also issued with the smaller coat of arms.
Title: Re: Kenya's coinage since independence
Post by: <k> on January 03, 2019, 12:15:55 PM
From 1995 to 1997, the 1 shilling coin was also issued in brass-plated steel and with the smaller coat of arms.
Title: Re: Kenya's coinage since independence
Post by: <k> on January 03, 2019, 12:34:06 PM
The new 10 cents, 50 cents and 1 shilling coins introduced in 1995 were considerably smaller than the previous versions.

In 1998, a new denomination of 20 shillings was issued. It was bimetallic. After 1998, no more coins were issued with the portrait of Arap Moi.
Title: Re: Kenya's coinage since independence
Post by: <k> on January 03, 2019, 05:09:29 PM
No further circulation types were issued until 2005. In that year, the portrait of the late President Kenyatta made a return to the reverse of the coinage. I consider the side with the country name to be the obverse. The 5 and 10 cents coins were minted in copper-plated steel for 2005 only. They are quite scarce and I have no images of them.

The next highest denomination of the new series was the 50 cents coin. The "50" is now larger, and you can see that the spear tips on the coat of arms are consequently closer to these numerals.
Title: Re: Kenya's coinage since independence
Post by: <k> on January 03, 2019, 05:16:18 PM
Here you see the obverse of the 1 shilling coin of 2005.
Title: Re: Kenya's coinage since independence
Post by: <k> on January 03, 2019, 05:21:00 PM
The bimetallic 5 shillings of 2005.
Title: Re: Kenya's coinage since independence
Post by: <k> on January 03, 2019, 05:24:02 PM
The 10 shillings coin of 2005 was also bimetallic.
Title: Re: Kenya's coinage since independence
Post by: <k> on January 03, 2019, 05:54:27 PM
The bimetallic 20 shillings coin was minted from 2005 to 2010. Compared to the 10 shillings coin, the coat of arms is significantly smaller and the numerals of the denomination significantly larger.
Title: Re: Kenya's coinage since independence
Post by: <k> on January 03, 2019, 06:03:28 PM
In 2010, Kenya issued a new 10 shillings coin. This time, the coin had a nickel-plated steel center within a brass-plated steel ring. The previous version (2005 to 2009) had a copper-nickel center within an aluminium-bronze ring.

Notice also that the coat of arms is smaller and the numerals of the denomination are subsequently larger. This brought the style of the coin into line with the 20 shillings coin.

After 2010, no more circulation coins were produced with the portrait of President Kenyatta.
Title: Re: Kenya's coinage since independence
Post by: <k> on January 03, 2019, 06:15:05 PM
Meanwhile, the subject of presidential portraits on coins had become controversial in Kenya. In 2003 a set of collector coins had been issued to commemorate 40 years of Kenya's independence. These coins - 40 shillings, 1000 shillings and 5000 shillings - portrayed President Kibaki on the reverse. When Mwai Kibaki had become president of Kenya in 2002, he promised that he would not allow himself to be portrayed on the coinage. Even though these were collector coins only, Kibaki had now broken that promise.
Title: Re: Kenya's coinage since independence
Post by: <k> on January 03, 2019, 06:26:04 PM
(http://www.worldofcoins.eu/forum/index.php?action=dlattach;topic=39617.0;attach=91739;image)

Mwai Kibaki (born 1931) became the third President of Kenya in December 2002. Kibaki was previously Vice-President of Kenya for ten years from 1978 to 1988 and also held cabinet ministerial positions. He left office in April 2013.

See Wikipedia: Mwai Kibaki (http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Mwai_Kibaki)



(http://www.worldofcoins.eu/forum/index.php?action=dlattach;topic=39617.0;attach=91740;image)

Kenya, 40 shillings, 2003.

 
Title: Re: Kenya's coinage since independence
Post by: <k> on January 03, 2019, 06:44:44 PM
(http://www.worldofcoins.eu/forum/index.php?action=dlattach;topic=39617.0;attach=99635;image)



The new Kenyan constitution prohibited the use of a person’s portrait on currencies. However, after a series of legal challenges, it took until 2018 before Kenya issued suitable new series of coins and banknotes.

See: Kenya: New Series of Coins and Banknotes 2018 (http://www.worldofcoins.eu/forum/index.php/topic,4946.0.html).

In keeping with the coins of many other Sub-Saharan countries, Kenya adopted a series of designs depicting the national wildlife. All the species portrayed have however been depicted on the circulation coins of other countries. It is a pity that some other species, such as the serval or hyena, were not used. However, Kenya now has an attractive thematic set at long last. It makes a nice change from seeing the same portrait (changing over time) and the same coat of arms on each previous series.
Title: Re: Kenya's coinage since independence
Post by: <k> on January 03, 2019, 06:47:31 PM
See also: KENYA (1 of 2) (http://africa.worldofcoins.eu/af-ken.htm) and KENYA (2 of 2) (http://africa.worldofcoins.eu/af-ken2.html).
Title: Re: Kenya's coinage since independence
Post by: <k> on January 03, 2019, 06:53:14 PM
It is interesting to compare the 2005 and 2010 versions of the old 10 shillings coins.



(http://www.worldofcoins.eu/forum/index.php?action=dlattach;topic=44447.0;attach=88674;image)

Larger arms, 2005.



(http://www.worldofcoins.eu/forum/index.php?action=dlattach;topic=44447.0;attach=87174;image)

Smaller arms, 2010.

 
Title: Re: Kenya's coinage since independence
Post by: <k> on January 03, 2019, 07:03:08 PM
Some Tanzanian coins showing the denominations in Swahili.

(http://www.worldofcoins.eu/forum/index.php?action=dlattach;topic=39617.0;attach=88848;image)


(http://www.worldofcoins.eu/forum/index.php?action=dlattach;topic=39617.0;attach=88849;image)



Kenya's coins now incorporate Swahili legends too.

(http://www.worldofcoins.eu/forum/index.php?action=dlattach;topic=44447.0;attach=87178;image)

(http://www.worldofcoins.eu/forum/index.php?action=dlattach;topic=44447.0;attach=87179;image)



See also: Denominations shown in different scripts (http://www.worldofcoins.eu/forum/index.php/topic,19089.0.html).

 
Title: Re: Kenya's coinage since independence
Post by: <k> on January 03, 2019, 11:03:10 PM
Members africancoins and Big_M both kindly sent me the PDF of the Royal Mint's annual report of 2005. I am now able to show the page that illustrates the 5 and 10 cent coins of 2005.
Title: Re: Kenya's coinage since independence
Post by: <k> on January 04, 2019, 11:23:26 AM
OBVERSE AND REVERSE FONTS

(http://www.worldofcoins.eu/forum/index.php?action=dlattach;topic=44447.0;attach=87152;image)

Here the fonts are similar, though the letters are necessarily narrower on the reverse, showing Kenyatta, because there are more words.



(http://www.worldofcoins.eu/forum/index.php?action=dlattach;topic=44447.0;attach=88709;image)

On the 2005 version of the 50 cents, the obverse font is now distinctly sans serif, while the reverse font is serif.



(http://www.worldofcoins.eu/forum/index.php?action=dlattach;topic=44447.0;attach=88676;image)

On the Arap Moi coins, the font is of the same type on both sides.



(http://www.worldofcoins.eu/forum/index.php?action=dlattach;topic=44447.0;attach=87161;image)

These same differences apply to the bimetallic coins.



(http://www.worldofcoins.eu/forum/index.php?action=dlattach;topic=44447.0;attach=87174;image)

Most standard circulation coins, I believe, have similar fonts on the obverse and reverse.

How many do you know of that do not?