World of Coins

Tokens used for payments => Transport tokens => Ferry, toll road and bridge tokens. => Topic started by: FosseWay on January 16, 2013, 11:20:24 AM

Title: Marstrand ferry, Bohuslän, Sweden
Post by: FosseWay on January 16, 2013, 11:20:24 AM
The town of Marstrand (https://maps.google.co.uk/maps?q=Marstrand,+Sweden&hl=en&ie=UTF8&ll=57.86941,11.632118&spn=0.076143,0.188999&sll=57.700992,11.893836&sspn=0.611991,1.511993&oq=marst&t=h&hnear=Marstrand,+V%C3%A4stra+G%C3%B6taland+County,+Sweden&z=13) lies on Marstrandsön on the Bohuslän coast north of Gothenburg. Historically it was an important town, being home to Carlstens fästning, an enormous fortification, and also being the only port in the area that, due to sea currents, remained reliably ice-free all winter.

In the last few decades bridges have been built along much of the route you take to get to Marstrand, so that now you can drive or take the bus all the way to Koön, the eastern part of Marstrand town. But even today the last stretch of the journey is undertaken by ferry. Today this is part of Västtrafik and paid for using the same chargecard I use in the city. But in former times the Marstrand ferry was run by a separate company which issued its own tokens. The four I currently have are illustrated below.

As is usual with transport tokens there is no date on these. But I have recently acquired a fares table, allowing a correlation between denomination and the years when that amount was equal to the fare. The 'modern' ferry system, using first electric-powered and then diesel ferries, dates from 1913. Before then there were various boatmen who would row you across.

Fares:
1913-1918: 3 öre
1918-1950: 5 öre
1950-1954: 10 öre

After 1954 there was a difference between summer and winter services:
1954-1961 winter: 10 öre
1954-1960 summer: 15 öre
1960-1961 summer: 25 öre
1962-1967 winter: 20 öre
1962-1967 summer: 35 öre
1967-1972 winter: 25 öre
1967-1972 summer: 50 öre

In addition there was a special night-time fare (as there still is):
1954-1960 winter: 30 öre
1954-1960 summer: 45 öre
1960-1962: 75 öre
1962-1972: 1 krona

I'm not sure what happened after 1972. The information I took this from is dated 1979.

Tokens exist for all of the above fares. The 3 öre and the night fare tokens are the scarcest.

(Information from Lundberg, Skårman & Tufvesson, 'Trafikpolletter från hamnarna i Göteborg, Kungälv och Marstrand', Göteborgs Numismatiska Förenings Småskrifter nr 14, December 1979.
Title: Re: Marstrand ferry, Bohuslän, Sweden
Post by: Figleaf on January 16, 2013, 11:53:29 AM
Excellent research, FosseWay. Thank you.

Peter
Title: Re: Marstrand ferry, Bohuslän, Sweden
Post by: orsk2 on January 16, 2013, 08:11:06 PM
FosseWay!
Great information, thanks!
Title: Re: Marstrand ferry, Bohuslän, Sweden
Post by: malj1 on January 16, 2013, 09:29:39 PM
I notice the makers Sporrong trade-mark is losing its prominence towards the last token there - as it should!
Title: Re: Marstrand ferry, Bohuslän, Sweden
Post by: FosseWay on January 16, 2013, 09:52:32 PM
I also notice that some of those tokens have the star maker's mark that we were wondering over on the Liseberg tokens. I suspect that quite a lot of Swedish tokens in general were made by Sporrong even though they carry neither the stämpel (the design featured on these tokens -- dunno the right word in English) nor the simple name text.
Title: Re: Marstrand ferry, Bohuslän, Sweden
Post by: malj1 on January 17, 2013, 12:33:08 AM
A lot of British tokens have that star in the same position;  Monarch Auto Co. (https://sites.google.com/site/malsprojects/machine/monarch), for instance. ...maybe simply a spacer? or did Sporrong make all these too?

This image below is the star we originally queried; with a dot in the centre.

From the LM (http://www.worldofcoins.eu/forum/index.php/topic,9579.msg64189.html#msg64189) & enhanced.
Title: Re: Marstrand ferry, Bohuslän, Sweden
Post by: Figleaf on January 17, 2013, 12:45:24 AM
A star with a hole in the centre is a spur in English, sporra in Swedish...

Peter
Title: Re: Marstrand ferry, Bohuslän, Sweden
Post by: Kushi on January 18, 2013, 11:35:37 AM
Wonderful research!

Is the 1 krona token you mention actually 100 öre? Smith and Smith (1981) gives a "100" token as Sweden 510 FO.

The Smiths list fifteen different tokens from Marstrand. Additionally they describe four tokens with a triangle cut-out (hole). He wasn't sure if this was done officially.
Title: Re: Marstrand ferry, Bohuslän, Sweden
Post by: FosseWay on January 18, 2013, 12:28:12 PM
Yes, the token that matches the 1 krona fare carries the denomination 100 (no öre, though clearly that is what is meant). It is shaped like a six-petal flower with a hole in the middle, with Sporrongs nya stämpel on the reverse, struck in brass. The Smith reference given in my source is 510 M, but remember that this is from 1979 and I believe that the most recent edition of Smith has come out since then.

As for Marstrand tokens in general, the following is an attempt at a concordance between the GNF småskrift I quoted from earlier and the edition of Smith used by the authors in 1979. Bold items are those which feature in the GNF publication but apparently not in Smith (in the sense that no Smith number is given).

I.1 3 öre triangular - Smith 510 A

II.1 5 öre round, blank reverse, zinc - Smith 510 D
II.2 similar with Y-shaped hole
II.3 5 öre round, blank reverse, brass - Smith 510 B
II.4 similar with Y-shaped hole
II.5 5 öre round, Sporrongs nya stämpel on the reverse, brass - Smith 510 C (this is the one illustrated in my original post above)
II.6 similar with Y-shaped hole
II.7 15 öre round, Sporrongs nya stämpel on the reverse, brass - Smith 510 F (also shown above)

III.1 10 öre wavy edge, Sporrongs nya stämpel, brass - Smith 510 E (also shown above)

IV.1 20 öre wavy edge with hole, Sporrongs nya stämpel, brass

V.1 25 öre round, Sporrongs nya stämpel, aluminium - Smith 510 G

VI.1 15 öre triangular, Sporrongs n.s., zinc - Smith 510 H
VI.2 similar but denom 30 overstamped on 15 - Smith 510 I
VI.3 as VI.2 but with Y-shaped hole
VI.4 45 öre triangular, Sporrongs n.s., brass - Smith 510 J

VII.1 35 öre round with hole, Sporrongs n.s. diameter 21 mm, hole 7 mm, brass
VII.2 similar but diameter is 22 mm and hole is 6 mm - Smith 510 L (illustrated above)

VIII.1 50 öre square, Sporrongs n.s., brass

IX.1 75 öre triangular, Sporrongs n.s., aluminium - Smith 510 K

X.1 100 öre flower-shaped with hole, Sporrongs n.s., brass - Smith 510 M (this is the one Kushi was talking about)

Hope that is of some use! When I get my copy of Smith I will check whether any of the above has been updated and change accordingly -- alternatively if you know it's wrong feel free to post a correction.
Title: Re: Marstrand ferry, Bohuslän, Sweden
Post by: Kushi on January 19, 2013, 12:09:43 AM
The numbers from the 1981 Smith and Smith ferry token catalogue are in red. The Smiths list fifteen tokens and mention that FB FC FD and FJ also exist with triangle cut-outs (holes). "These may or may not have been done by the company to raise the value of these tokens when fares were increased."

I.1 3 öre triangular - Sweden 510 FA

II.1 5 öre round, blank reverse, zinc - Sweden 510 FD
II.2 similar with Y-shaped hole
II.3 5 öre round, blank reverse, brass - Sweden 510 FB
II.4 similar with Y-shaped hole
II.5 5 öre round, Sporrongs nya stämpel on the reverse, brass - Sweden 510 FC (This is the one illustrated in my original post above.)
II.6 similar with Y-shaped hole
II.7 15 öre round, Sporrongs nya stämpel on the reverse, brass - Sweden 510 FF (also shown above)

III.1 10 öre wavy edge, Sporrongs nya stämpel, brass - Sweden 510 FE (also shown above)

IV.1 20 öre wavy edge with hole, Sporrongs nya stämpel, brass Sweden 510 FM This is called a scalloped shaped token, round with an undulating edge.

V.1 25 öre round, Sporrongs nya stämpel, aluminium - Sweden 510 FG

VI.1 15 öre triangular, Sporrongs n.s., zinc - Sweden 510 FH
VI.2 similar but denom 30 overstamped on 15 - Sweden 510 FI
VI.3 as VI.2 but with Y-shaped hole
VI.4 45 öre triangular, Sporrongs n.s., brass - Sweden 510 FJ

VII.1 35 öre round with hole, Sporrongs n.s. diameter 21 mm, hole 7 mm, brass
VII.2 similar but diameter is 22 mm and hole is 6 mm - Sweden 510 FL (illustrated above)

VIII.1 50 öre square, Sporrongs n.s., brass Sweden 510 FN

IX.1 75 öre triangular, Sporrongs n.s., aluminium - Sweden 510 FK

X.1 100 öre flower-shaped with hole, Sporrongs n.s., brass - Sweden 510 FO (This is the one Kushi was talking about.)
Title: Re: Marstrand ferry, Bohuslän, Sweden
Post by: FosseWay on January 19, 2013, 10:24:33 AM
Thanks for the updated version. So it seems that the only one missing from Smith's coverage now is the variant of the 35 öre with the larger hole and slightly smaller diameter. TBH that's the kind of detail you're only going to pick up if you're looking for it, or if you have several tokens side by side to compare.

BTW Peter: missed your post before, but the rebus with the spur/sporre is conclusive, I'd have thought...

Scalloped -- yes, this is the term I generally used. The 'wavy edge' was a direct translation from the Swedish vågkantig.
Title: Re: Marstrand ferry, Bohuslän, Sweden
Post by: FosseWay on February 14, 2013, 05:13:48 PM
Here's the 20 öre version.
Title: Re: Marstrand ferry, Bohuslän, Sweden
Post by: FosseWay on May 18, 2013, 04:40:40 PM
And here's the 50 öre, sides 19.7 mm, 2.31 g
Title: Re: Marstrand ferry, Bohuslän, Sweden
Post by: FosseWay on September 05, 2013, 09:16:41 PM
And the 25 öre: Aluminium, 19,0 mm, 0,54 g
Title: Re: Marstrand ferry, Bohuslän, Sweden
Post by: FosseWay on April 06, 2014, 08:53:28 PM
Here is the triangular 15 öre (Smith 510 FH) in zinc, 26,9 mm sides, 2,32 g.

This raises a question. The fare table I reproduced in the first post only lists one period where either of the fares was 15 öre. So why are there two distinct types?
Title: Re: Marstrand ferry, Bohuslän, Sweden
Post by: malj1 on April 06, 2014, 11:48:32 PM
I wonder have you missed a line in the fare table?

See '1960-1961 summer: 25 öre' there is no equivalent winter period fare. The triangular piece could no doubt fit here.
Title: Re: Marstrand ferry, Bohuslän, Sweden
Post by: FosseWay on April 07, 2014, 06:05:39 PM
Just checked my original source and I haven't missed a line, but it's entirely possible the author of the article I quoted did.
Title: Re: Marstrand ferry, Bohuslän, Sweden
Post by: FosseWay on March 22, 2015, 12:18:29 PM
Here's the zinc 5 öre with blank reverse - 19,3 mm, 1,38 g, Smith Sweden 510FD.