World of Coins

Ancient coins => Barbarians and Celts => Topic started by: Goodies on March 19, 2007, 06:56:50 PM

Title: A short explanation
Post by: Goodies on March 19, 2007, 06:56:50 PM
Please allow me to make some remarks about the two categories of coins in this section.

Barbarous coinage

We generally use this term when attributing coins that seem to be Roman coinage, but show certain deviations (such as size, silver content, lettering, style) that lead to the conclusion that the coin die was not cut in an official Roman coin house. Especially lettering is an important distinction: the Roman celator was required to be able to read and write. When we see a coin with grave errors in the lettering, we tend to attribute it to non-Roman celators. This phenomenon of "external coinage" based on Roman example coins occurs most frequently in the second half of the 3rd century AD. Earlier and later examples are known, but more rare. Collectors of Roman coins in America regard the "Barbarians" as "mule", inferior. European collectors of Roman coins (especially German) love these, because the coinage originates from the Northern and Western regions of Europe (which is home !).

(http://www.muntenbodemvondsten.nl/Muntenboek/Anarch/tBarbaar1.jpg)
Tetricus II radiate (268-270) Antoninianus "Sol" (13mm)

(http://www.muntenbodemvondsten.nl/Muntenboek/Constantinus/tBarbConstpl.jpg)
Late Constantine imitation (5th century,7.5mm !)

Celt coinage

The Celt coins are a topic in itself, that I am not an expert on. They first appear in the 3rd century BC and resemble Greek coins at first (portrait and horse). Later on, Celt coinage became independent of circulation of Greek coins and lost the connection and resemblance. The composition is Greek still, but the design deviates considerably in style. Celt coins survive until the first century. Archeological evidence shows that tribes involved were to mix in more and more Roman coins into their money circulation, so Celt coins gradually vanished.

(http://www.muntenbodemvondsten.nl/Muntenboek/Kelten/tAmbianenC.jpg)
French Celt (tribe attribution: Ambianes)

(http://www.muntenbodemvondsten.nl/Muntenboek/Kelten/tCeltKent.jpg)
British Celt (tribe attribution: Durotriges)

 :)
Lex