Author Topic: Delhi Sultanate, Khiljis: Rukn al-din Ibrahim (695 AH, 1296 AD), Jital  (Read 3718 times)

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Offline Overlord

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Immediately after the murder of Jalal-ud-din Firuz ‘Ala-ud-din was proclaimed Sultan. The division in Firuz’s family helped ‘Ala-ud-din’s cause. In total disregard of Arkali Khan, the eldest surviving son, the queen-mother Malikah-i-Jahan declared her second son, Qadr Khan, as Sultan with the title of Rukn-al-din Ibrahim.

The supporters of Arkali Khan at Delhi refused to recognize Ibrahim. Ala-ud-din lost no time and marched on Delhi with "iron in one hand and gold in the other". At Bada’un, he met an army sent from Delhi but it was won over by lavish distribution of gold. As Ala-ud-din approached Delhi, Ibrahim came out to give a fight but the bulk of his army deserted him. Ibrahim was forced to flee to Multan with the queen-mother and Ahmed Chap. Ala-ud-din marched into Delhi and resided in the Red Palace of Balban on Oct. 20, 1296.
 
After reorganization, he sent Ulugh Khan and Zafar Khan with a large army to Multan to deal with the sons of the late Sultan Firuz. Multan was besieged and the city surrendered. Arkali Khan, Ibrahim, and Ahmad Chap were taken captive alongwith the queen-mother. The two princes were blinded and later executed, while the queen-mother was kept under surveillance at Delhi.

Obverse Al-sultan Al-Azim Rukn Al-Dunya Wa Al-Deen (The Sultan, the greatest one, the pillar/foundation of the world and of the faith)


Here is a crude illustration depicting my take on the legend.


Reverse  Ibrahim Shah Bin Firoz Shah (Ibrahim Shah, son of Firoz Shah)



(Ref. R980, Goron D212, Tye 416.1)

Break-up of the inscription: Please point out any mistakes you spot in this.
Obverse

First line: Alif+Lam=Al
             Sin (medial)+Lam+Toe+Alif+Nun (detached form)=Sultan
             Alif+Lam=Al
Second line: 'Ain (initial form)+Zoe+Mim=Azim
                 Ra+Kaf+Nun=Rukn
                 Alif+Lam=Al
                 Da (of Dunya)
Third line:    Nun+Ye (medial form)=Dunya
                 Waw=Wa
                 Alif+Lam=Al
                 Da+Ye+Nun=Deen

Reverse

Alif+Be+Ra+Alif+He+Ye+Min=Ibrahim
Shin (initial form)+Alif+He (detached form)=Shah
Be+Nun=Bin
Fe+Ye+Re+Waw+Ze=Feroz
Shin (initial form)+Alif+He (detached form)=Shah

Questions
1. How old was Ibrahim when he ascended the throne?
2. What is the exact duration of his reign?




« Last Edit: October 13, 2013, 09:19:10 PM by capnbirdseye »

Offline shariqkhan

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Re: Delhi Sultanate, Khiljis: Rukn al-din Ibrahim (695 AH, 1296 AD), Jital
« Reply #1 on: January 11, 2009, 09:09:50 PM »
Very good interpretation and translitration.
Is it a lead coin ? I also have a similar coin which is very inflated and having black patina.


 

Offline Figleaf

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Re: Delhi Sultanate, Khiljis: Rukn al-din Ibrahim (695 AH, 1296 AD), Jital
« Reply #2 on: January 12, 2009, 02:12:32 AM »
You're really good at this, Overlord. I have sought answers to your questions. Unfortunately, all I can tell you is that Rukn ud din's reign cannot have lasted a full year, since Jalal ud din Firoz died in 1296 and Ala ud din's reign started in the same year. That makes it all the more special that you have found a coin struck in the name of Rukn ud din.

I have learned that Ala ud din was not a kind, forgiving person ...

Peter
An unidentified coin is a piece of metal. An identified coin is a piece of history.

Offline Overlord

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Re: Delhi Sultanate, Khiljis: Rukn al-din Ibrahim (695 AH, 1296 AD), Jital
« Reply #3 on: January 12, 2009, 02:52:16 AM »
Is it a lead coin ?
I think Delhi sultans are not known to use lead coins. According to me, the metal may be copper or even very very base billon.

Offline Overlord

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Re: Delhi Sultanate, Khiljis: Rukn al-din Ibrahim (695 AH, 1296 AD), Jital
« Reply #4 on: January 12, 2009, 02:54:45 AM »
I have learned that Ala ud din was not a kind, forgiving person ...
Peter
He later had all who had betrayed Ibrahim for his gold executed, so they couldn't do the same to him in future.

Offline Overlord

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Re: Delhi Sultanate, Khiljis: Rukn al-din Ibrahim (695 AH, 1296 AD), Jital
« Reply #5 on: January 12, 2009, 05:18:31 PM »
I would love to see images of the one you have, Shariq. I only found one example online and if yours shows a different part of the die, it would be just great.

Offline shariqkhan

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Re: Delhi Sultanate, Khiljis: Rukn al-din Ibrahim (695 AH, 1296 AD), Jital
« Reply #6 on: January 13, 2009, 01:30:01 PM »
I will soon upload the scan of coin. My broadband internet has been out of order since last 4 days. I am using alternate line whose speed is very poor.

Offline Rangnath

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Re: Delhi Sultanate, Khiljis: Rukn al-din Ibrahim (695 AH, 1296 AD), Jital
« Reply #7 on: January 13, 2009, 05:45:52 PM »
Sometimes, when I check the board in the morning, I think "Gosh, I really do live on the other side of the planet, don't I?" You guys have been busy.
Another wonderful topic!  I now have a small collection of your work Overlord.  KEEP THEM COMING!!!!!
richie

Offline Overlord

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Re: Delhi Sultanate, Khiljis: Rukn al-din Ibrahim (695 AH, 1296 AD), Jital
« Reply #8 on: October 28, 2012, 04:38:41 PM »
Questions
1. How old was Ibrahim when he ascended the throne?
2. What is the exact duration of his reign?
Found the (partial) answer to the second question: July to November, 1296 AD.

Offline Rajagopal

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One of the most beautiful coins i have received recently..weighs 3.4 grams

Offline THCoins

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Congratulations, very nicely centered specimen and a rare coin also !
This is one i am still missing in my collection.

Offline Oesho

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Re: Delhi Sultanate, Khiljis: Rukn al-din Ibrahim (695 AH, 1296 AD), Jital
« Reply #11 on: December 21, 2019, 04:54:40 PM »
To add to the billon jital of Rukn al-Din Ibrahim (AH695/AD1296), the accompaning silver tanka, mint: Dehli, date: AH695.
Ref.: G/G D211.

Offline Figleaf

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Re: Delhi Sultanate, Khiljis: Rukn al-din Ibrahim (695 AH, 1296 AD), Jital
« Reply #12 on: December 21, 2019, 05:30:47 PM »
You are on a roll, Oesho! This is great fun.

 :rock:
An unidentified coin is a piece of metal. An identified coin is a piece of history.

Offline Oesho

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Re: Delhi Sultanate, Khiljis: Rukn al-din Ibrahim (695 AH, 1296 AD), Jital
« Reply #13 on: December 21, 2019, 07:52:41 PM »
Thanks for your appriciation.