Uzbek bus tokens
The city buses are often overcrowded and investment is insufficient since the break-up of the Soviet Union. To a significant degree, this is the consequence of very low ticket prices and free use of buses and trams for a number of groups, such as veterans and retirees. Another factor is or was drivers pocketing fares and not issuing tickets.
Rules for use
In the newspaper The Samarkand Gazette of April 27, 2016 a resolution of the regional hokim of 3. Mirzayev of April 20, 2016 was published. Salient points, translated from Russian:
- As of May 1, 2016 the city of Samarkand will introduce as one of the means of payment for travel on public transport-buses - tokens purchased with plastic cards.
- ... place an order for the purchase of special tokens at the "Tashkent zabbhonasi" enterprise of the state production association "Davlat belgisi" ...
- ... ensure the organization of special points for the sale of tokens in the city.
The tokens were not valid on Mashrutka buses, privately run lines with a fixed route, stopping anywhere on demand.
Rules were similar in Toshkent. In particular, the tokens could not be paid in cash, were available from machines only and could not be sold by drivers. These rules were likely meant to promote cashless transactions and act against corruption. Cash could still be used to pay drivers, though.
Organisations mentioned on the tokens:
- Davlat Belgisi, the state production association Toshkent Zarbxonasi is a Toshkent enterprise owned by Davlat Belgisi. DICHB is the legal form of a state enterprise.
- ToshShaharTransXizmat Uyushmasi, Toshkent City Transport Service Association, the Toshkent city bus company
- Toshkent metro tokens are listed with the USSR and CIS underground tokens
- Toshkent in Wikipedia
- Samarqand in Wikipedia
- Nukus in Wikipedia
- The buses shown on the Toshkent token are from left to right: MAN A22 CNG, Lotos MAZ 206 and Liaz 529267. The bus on the Samarqand token is Liaz 529267. The mini-bus on a Nukus token is unidentified; the bus is MAN A22 CNG.