GG en GD
Cities are vulnerable for contagious diseases. The city of Utrecht had a Commission for public health that intervened when an epidemic occurred, such as cholera (1832-1833) or measles (1833). This developed into a municipal service in 1915. Its first director was A. Schuckink Kool, who promoted "healthy living dwellings" for the families of tuberculosis patients.
Another director who lives on in Utrecht's collective memory is Antoon Tellegen, who became director in 1941. He organised medical care for fugitives, accompanied Dutch prisoners of war to ascertain medical care and inform their family on their well-being, helped those threatened with deportation and slave labour with fake medical reports, sheltered jews in his home. He was active in one of the most important resistance organisations, Ordedienst as spy and courier. He was arrested on 7th October 1943. He was tortured, did not break, was convicted for sabotage and was shot two weeks later.
Post-war law obliges every municipality in the Netherlands to have a municipal public health service. They perform a variety of tasks ranging from school doctors and vaccinations to establishing cause of death and resisting female circumcision. Until 2005, Utrecht and Amsterdam were the only municipalities calling their service not GGD, but GG en GD. The Utrecht GG en GD has been merged with other municipal services into the Utrecht region public health service (GGDrU).
|Gemeentelijke Geneeskundige en Gezondheids Dienst|
|Side 1||GG en GD •UTRECHT•|