Uzbekistan telephone tokens

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Before independence, in 1991, the telephone system was part of the Soviet Union's telephone network, operated by local telephone companies.

After independence, the government supervisor was the Ministry of communications. In 1997, the ministry spun off the Uzbek agency for post and telecommunications, an independent government agency.

In 1992, O‘zbektelekom (Uzbek), or Uzbektelekom (Russian) was created. It is a state enterprise and national monopolist for providing telecommunication services. It started out as a holding company for the old regional providers, but in the course of time, the latter were incorporated in Uzbektelekom, which established a number of specialised daughter companies instead. In 2000, it became a joint stock company, with all shares owned by the government, but in 2001, the government decided that Uzbektelekom could be privatised. Although there were no takers for risk-bearing equity, Chinese parties undertook joint ventures for investment in the telecommunication network. In 2011, the company was re-branded Uztelecom (English). National coverage by digital telecommunications was achieved in 2012.

Major source: Savosin & Is'kov Telephone tokens / USSR, Russia, CIS, Baltic countries Савосин и Иськов Телефонные жетоны / СССР, России, СНГ, стран Балтии

Uzbekistan telephone tokens
TTK1.jpg
Filename TTK1
Side 1 Telephone set, ТTУС or ГTУС below, perhaps Городская Телефонная Узбекистан Сеть: city telephone, Uzbek network.
Side 2 Telephone set, ТTУС or ГTУС below.
Material Brass, sometimes looking coppery due to bad metal mixing.
Size (mm) 19.4 - 20.5, should be 20.0
Weight (grams) 1.5 - 2.0
Notes For use in Tashkent. Sloppily designed and produced. Many combinations of differences in design, lettering, thickness, weight, diameter and edge (should be reeded, but reeding is often incomplete).
Source jsalgado
TTK2.jpg
Filename TTK2
Side 1 Circular legend УЗТЕЛЕКОМ• Uzbek Telecom.
Side 2 Blank. One broad groove in centre.
Material Iron
Size (mm) 18.9 - 19.9, should be 20.0
Weight (grams) 1.9 - 2.2
Notes Watchit.jpgTTK2 varieties. In addition, several minor varieties in thickness, size and shape of letters, mostly Л and У exist.
Source jsalgado
TTK3.jpg
Filename TTK3
Side 1 Circular legend УЗТЕЛЕКОМ• Uzbek Telecom.
Side 2 Blank. One broad groove in centre.
Material Brass
Size (mm) 18.9 - 19.9, should be 20.0
Weight (grams) 1.9 - 2.2
Notes Some minor varieties in size and shape of letters, mostly Л, exist. Some specimen contain enough iron to be weakly magnetic.
Source jsalgado
TTK4.jpg
Filename TTK4
Side 1 УЗ/ТЕЛЕ/КОМ Uzbek Telecom.
Side 2 Blank. One broad groove in centre.
Material Iron
Size (mm) 19.5 - 20.5, should be 20.0
Weight (grams) 1.0 - 1.5
Notes Flans punched out of a sheet of metal: one side has a sharp edge, the other a rounded edge. A brass variant, likely a mint error, has been found. Some minor varieties in size and shape of letters, mostly Л, У and Е exist.
Source Savosin & Is'kov
TTK5.jpg
Filename TTK5
Side 1 УЗ/ТЕЛЕ/КОМ Uzbek Telecom.
Side 2 Blank. One broad groove in centre.
Material Iron
Size (mm) 19.6 - 20.0, should be 20.0
Weight (grams) 0.9 - 1.2
Notes Tokens produced with powder metallurgy: both edges are the same. Some minor varieties in size and shape of letters, mostly Л, У and Е exist.
Source Figleaf
File:TTK6.jpg
Filename TTK6
Side 1 УЗ/ТЕЛЕ/КОМ Uzbek Telecom.
Side 2 Blank. One broad groove in centre.
Material Brass and Iron alloy, weakly magnetic.
Size (mm) 19.6 - 20.0, should be 20.0
Weight (grams) 0.9 - 1.2
Notes Tokens produced with powder metallurgy: both edges are the same. Some minor varieties in size and shape of letters, mostly Л, У and Е exist.
Source Savosin & Is'kov
TTK7.jpg
Filename TTK7
Side 1 УЗТT Uzbek Telecom ...? Two narrow grooves.
Side 2 Blank. Three narrow grooves.
Material Brass
Size (mm) 18.0 - 18.5
Weight (grams) 0.8 - 1.1
Notes Some minor varieties in size and shape of letters.
Source Savosin & Is'kov
File:TTK8.jpg
Filename TTK8
Side 1 УЗТT Uzbek Telecom ...? Two narrow grooves.
Side 2 Blank. Three narrow grooves.
Material Steel
Size (mm) 18.2
Weight (grams) 0.8
Notes Some minor varieties in size and shape of letters.
Source Savosin & Is'kov
TTK9.jpg
Filename TTK9
Side 1 УЗ/ТT Uzbek Telecom ...? Two narrow grooves.
Side 2 Blank. Three narrow grooves.
Material Steel.
Size (mm) 18.1
Weight (grams) 1.0
Notes
Source Savosin & Is'kov