Ukrainian city issues

From World of Tokens
Revision as of 13:25, 27 July 2022 by Figleaf (talk | contribs)
(diff) ← Older revision | Latest revision (diff) | Newer revision → (diff)
Jump to navigation Jump to search
Будка 1.jpg

Assigning Soviet era telephone tokens to cities is not easy. Most tokens are not informative. Generic tokens are abundant; tariffs were the same in the whole country. Generic tokens carry indications like гта (Городской Телефон Автомат) - GTA (municipal telephone machine) for local calls, or мта (Междугородний Телефон Автомат) - MTA (inter-city telephone machine) for domestic, non-local calls, without an indication of issuer. They were produced on several locations.

Planchets for the tokens were in general produced either by cutting them from a sheet of metal or by powder metallurgy. Cutting produces a rounded edge on one side of the planchet and a sharp edge on the opposite side, while compacting metal powder results in two sharp edges. These differences have been ignored in the table, but they were used as indicators of where they were produced, therefore where they were used, in particular for the tokens of Kyiv and Kherson.

Magnetism and weight do not seem to have been used as a means to check the tokens on insertion. It is likely that the payment module, if there was one, checked only diameter. The insertion slot provided more security where grooved or profiled tokens were in use by limiting inserted objects to the correct profile. Yet, many tokens still have the same technical specifications, so that they would work in other areas.

The pressure on the press may have varied, making the lettering seem finer and smaller or bolder and bigger. Such variants have been ignored.

In addition, where a metal mix was used, the proportions of the mix may not always have been properly observed, giving rise to two "types", where in fact there was a range of mixes, in which one or the other part of the mix could dominate. A good example is Rovno, whose brass (i.e. an alloy of copper and zinc) can range from red (too much copper) to pale yellow (too much zinc).

Diameters are approximate. Practically all tokens are between 18 and 21mm. The intended diameter was probably 20mm.

Changes to this page are therefore to be expected

Ukrainian city issues
TCC10.jpg
Filename TCC10
Side 1 ЧЕРКАСИ - Cherkasy and horn.
Side 2 ТАКСОФОН - public telephone.
Material Aluminium.
Size (mm) 20.0
Weight (grams) 1.0 - 4.0
Notes Issuer: Cherkasy city telephone
Source Kamolov2@Numista
File:TCD10.jpg
Filename TCD10
Side 1 MTA logo, six circles on lower part of token.
Side 2 MTA logo, six circles on lower part of token.
Material Stainless steel.
Size (mm) 20.8
Weight (grams)
Notes Issuer: Dniepropetrovsk city telephone
Source Savosin & Is'kov
TCD20.jpg
Filename TCD20
Side 1 Tryzuba.
Side 2 Blank.
Material Stainless steel.
Size (mm) 19.1
Weight (grams)
Notes Tentatively assigned to Donbass
Source Ernesto@Numista
TCK10.jpg
Filename TCK10
Side 1 T in circle. No groove.
Side 2 Blank.
Material Brass.
Size (mm) 21.2
Weight (grams)
Notes Issuer: Kamenets-Podolskiy city telephone
Source Savosin & Is'kov
TCK11.jpg
Filename TCK11
Side 1 T in circle. No groove.
Side 2 Blank.
Material Aluminium.
Size (mm) 21.1
Weight (grams) 1.41
Notes Issuer: Kamenets-Podolskiy city telephone
Source Kamolov2@Numista
TCK12.jpg
Filename TCK12
Side 1 T. No groove.
Side 2 Circle.
Material Brass.
Size (mm) 18.0
Weight (grams) 2.92
Notes Issuer: Kamenets-Podolskiy city telephone
Source Kamolov2@Numista
File:TCK13.jpg
Filename TCK13
Side 1 Small T above. Central groove.
Side 2 Blank.
Material Steel.
Size (mm) 20.0
Weight (grams)
Notes Issuer: Kamenets-Podolskiy city telephone
Source Savosin & Is'kov
TCK23.jpg
Filename TCK23
Side 1 Tower logo (semiconductor devices factory, Kherson) and зв'язок (connection in Ukranian) on central groove.
Side 2 Blank.
Material Steel
Size (mm) 20.0
Weight (grams)
Notes Issuer: Kherson.
Source FosseWay
TCK28.jpg
Filename TCK28
Side 1 зв'язок (connection in Ukranian) on central groove.
Side 2 Blank.
Material Brass.
Size (mm) 20.0
Weight (grams) 3.0
Notes Issuer: Kherson. Planchets cut from sheet. Compare TCK26 below.
Source Gusev
TCK20.jpg
Filename TCK20
Side 1 Two arrows logo (Brovarsky powder metallurgy plant) and зв'язок (connection in Ukranian) on central groove.
Side 2 Blank.
Material zinc, or zinc with bronze or white metal cladding
Size (mm) 20.0
Weight (grams) 2.7
Notes Issuer: Kyiv.
Source Savosin & Is'kov
File:TCK21.jpg
Filename TCK21
Side 1 Two arrows logo (Brovarsky powder metallurgy plant) and зв'язок (connection in Ukranian) on central groove.
Side 2 Blank.
Material Bronze
Size (mm) 20.0
Weight (grams) 2.7
Notes Issuer: Kiyv.
Source Savosin & Is'kov
TCK22.jpg
Filename TCK22
Side 1 Two arrows logo (Brovarsky powder metallurgy plant) and зв'язок (connection in Ukranian) on central groove.
Side 2 Blank.
Material Steel, or steel with bronze or white metal cladding (magnetic)
Size (mm) 20.0
Weight (grams) 2.7
Notes Issuer: Kyiv.
Source Andrey78
TCK24.jpg
Filename TCK24
Side 1 ATT logo and зв'язок (connection in Ukranian) on central groove.
Side 2 Blank.
Material Zinc, or zinc with white metal cladding.
Size (mm) 20.0
Weight (grams) 3.0
Notes Tentatively assigned to Kyiv.
Source Kamolov2@Numista
TCK25.jpg
Filename TCK25
Side 1 ATT logo and зв'язок (connection in Ukranian) on central groove.
Side 2 Blank.
Material Bronze
Size (mm) 20.0
Weight (grams) 3.0
Notes Tentatively assigned to Kyiv.
Source FosseWay
TCK26.jpg
Filename TCK26
Side 1 зв'язок (connection in Ukranian) on central groove.
Side 2 Blank.
Material Bronze, color varieties due to improper metal mixes.
Size (mm) 20.0
Weight (grams) 3.0
Notes Issuer: Kiyv. Planchets from compacted powder. Compare TCK28 above.
Source Kamolov2@Numista
TCK27.jpg
Filename TCK27
Side 1 ATT logo, МТЗ, two arrows logo (Brovarsky powder metallurgy plant) on central groove.
Side 2 Blank.
Material Brass
Size (mm) 18 - 20
Weight (grams) 2.33
Notes Issuer: Kyiv.
Source Ernesto@Numista
TCK30.jpg
Filename TCK30
Side 1 гта (Городской Телефон Автомат)/ крым - GTA (Municipal Telephone machine) / Crimea
Side 2 связь (connection in Russian).
Material Aluminium?
Size (mm) 19.5 - 19.8
Weight (grams) 2.5
Notes
Source Andrey78@Numista
TCK31.jpg
Filename TCK31
Side 1 гта (Городской Телефон Автомат)/ крым - GTA (Municipal Telephone machine) / Crimea
Side 2 титби.
Material Aluminium?
Size (mm) 19.5 - 19.8
Weight (grams) 2.1
Notes
Source Kamolov2@Numista
TCK32.jpg
Filename TCK32
Side 1 мта (Междугородний Телефон Автомат)/ крым - MTA (inter-city telephone machine) / Crimea
Side 2 Blank. Central groove.
Material Aluminium?
Size (mm) 19.3 - 20.0
Weight (grams) 2.4
Notes Watchit.jpgTCK32 varieties
Source Fosseway
TCK33.jpg
Filename TCK33
Side 1 мта (Междугородний Телефон Автомат)/ крым - MTA (inter-city telephone machine) / Crimea
Side 2 Blank. Central groove.
Material Brass
Size (mm) 19.3 - 20.0
Weight (grams) 4
Notes
Source Savosin & Is'kov
TCL10.jpg
Filename TCL10
Side 1 ЛУГАНСК Т (groove) А АСКОР - Luhansk Askor
Side 2 Blank.
Material Steel
Size (mm) 20.0 - 20.2
Weight (grams) 2.0
Notes Askor is an enterprise in Luhansk (Ulitsa Frunze 107-U) producing metallurgical machinery
Source Kamolov2@Numista
File:TCL20.jpg
Filename TCL20
Side 1 T on raised round area
Side 2 Тryzub on raised round area.
Material Aluminium
Size (mm) 20.0
Weight (grams)
Notes The assignment of this token to Lvov is tentative.
Source Savosin & Is'kov
File:TCL30.jpg
Filename TCL30
Side 1 Л on top of central groove.
Side 2 Blank.
Material White metal clad steel.
Size (mm) 20.0
Weight (grams)
Notes Issuer: Lysychansk city telephone
Source Savosin & Is'kov
TCP10.jpg
Filename TCP10
Side 1 ГОР / ПТУС (Городской / производственно-технический узел связи) - City / Production and Technical Communication Centre.
Side 2 Tryzub.
Material Stainless steel.
Size (mm) 19.5 - 20.0
Weight (grams)
Notes Tentatively assigned to Pervomaisk
Source Savosin & Is'kov
TCP11.jpg
Filename TCP11
Side 1 ГОР / ПТУС (Городской / производственно-технический узел связи) - City / Production and Technical Communication Centre.
Side 2 Blank.
Material Stainless steel.
Size (mm) 19.5 - 20.0
Weight (grams) 2.37
Notes Tentatively assigned to Pervomaisk
Source Kamolov2@Numista
TCP20.jpg
Filename TCP20
Side 1 ПОЛТАВА on bar. Raised edge.
Side 2 ТЕЛЕФОН on bar. Raised edge.
Material Aluminium.
Size (mm) 20
Weight (grams) 0.9
Notes Issuer: Poltava city telephone
Source gringo.l@Numista
File:TCP21.jpg
Filename TCP21
Side 1 ПОЛТАВА on bar. Raised edge.
Side 2 ТЕЛЕФОН on bar. Raised edge.
Material Plastic and brass composite.
Size (mm) 20
Weight (grams)
Notes Issuer: Poltava city telephone
Source Savosin & Is'kov
TCR10.jpg
Filename TCR10
Side 1 мТз on telephone silhouet.
Side 2 Т.
Material Brass
Size (mm) 19.5 - 19.8
Weight (grams)
Notes Issuer: Rivne city telephone
Source Ernesto@Numista
TCR11.jpg
Filename TCR11
Side 1 мТз on telephone silhouet.
Side 2 Blank
Material Brass
Size (mm) 19.5 - 19.8
Weight (grams) 2.46
Notes Issuer: Rivne city telephone
Source Kamolov2@Numista
TCR12.jpg
Filename TCR12
Side 1 Lightning bolt between РIВНЕ (Rivne) and ТЕЛЕКОМ (telecom)
Side 2 мТз on telephone silhouet.
Material Brass (colour running from red to pale yellow).
Size (mm) 19.7 - 20.1
Weight (grams) 2.46
Notes Watchit.jpgTCR12 varieties Issuer: Rivne city telephone
Source Kamolov2@Numista
TCZ10.jpg
Filename TCZ10
Side 1 Украïна / central groove / tryzuba
Side 2 T central groove M (Телефон Междугородний - inter-city telephone)
Material Brass.
Size (mm) 18
Weight (grams)
Notes Tentatively assigned to Zaporozhye
Source Savosin & Is'kov
TCZ11.jpg
Filename TCZ11
Side 1 Украïна / central groove / tryzuba
Side 2 T central groove M (Телефон Междугородний - inter-city telephone)
Material White metal clad brass.
Size (mm) 18
Weight (grams) 2
Notes Tentatively assigned to Zaporozhye
Source Kamolov2@Numista
TCZ12.jpg
Filename TCZ12
Side 1 Украïна / central groove / tryzuba
Side 2 T central groove Г (Телефон Городской - city telephone)
Material White metal clad brass.
Size (mm) 18.5
Weight (grams) 2.32
Notes Tentatively assigned to Zaporozhye
Source Kamolov2@Numista
TCZ20.jpg
Filename TCZ20
Side 1 Stylised telephone horn, Z shaped lightning bolt underneath
Side 2 Logo, ш (sh) underneath
Material zinc?
Size (mm) 19.8
Weight (grams)
Notes Tentatively assigned to Zhitomir.
Source Andrey78@Numista
File:TCZ21.jpg
Filename TCZ21
Side 1 Stylised telephone horn
Side 2 Logo, ш (sh) underneath
Material Brass.
Size (mm) 19.8
Weight (grams)
Notes Watchit.jpgTCZ21 varieties Tentatively assigned to Zhitomir.
Source Savosin & Is'kov
File:TCZ22.jpg
Filename TCZ22
Side 1 Stylised telephone horn
Side 2 Logo, ш (sh) underneath
Material Aluminium.
Size (mm) 19.8
Weight (grams) 1.3
Notes Tentatively assigned to Zhitomir.
Source mag 903

The Powder Metallurgy Plant web site shows the logo on the Kyiv tokens.