Ukraine telephone tokens

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Originally, the issuers of telephone tokens were individual city administrations. Later issues are national. Below is a list to city-issued tokens with the city names in Ukrainian, linked to Wikipedia and Russian. The tokens use Russian spelling or the name in brackets. Many Russian telephone tokens remain unidentified. Possibly, some of these are Ukranian.

All issues are likely to date from the 1990s. Ukraine regained independence in 1991. It experienced very high inflation until 1997, necessitating the use of tokens for coin operated machines, including public telephones. By 2000, public telephones were gradually converted to the use of chip cards.