Difference between revisions of "Ukraine telephone tokens"

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Ukraine regained independence in 1991. The ministry of transportation became the regulatory and supervisory body for the telephone network. Its name was changed under pro-Russian President Viktor Yanukovych to ministry of transportation and communication in 2004. After his ouster, the name was changed to ministry of infrastructure in 2011
Ukraine regained independence in 1991. The Ministry of Transport became the regulator and supervisor of the telephone network. Its name was changed under President Leonid Kuchma to the Ministry of Transport and Communications in 2004. In 2010, President Viktor Yanukovych changed its name to the Ministry of Infrastructure


[[File:Kiev booth.jpg|right|325px]]
[[File:Kiev booth.jpg|right|300px]]
From 1993, the executive organisation is ukrtelekom. Originally, it was a state agency. Its most urgent task was reform international calls, as these were at the time all routed through Moscow. In the period 1995 to 1996, 20 provincial (oblast) level telephone networks, the Krim and Sebastopol networks were re-structured as daughter companies of ukrtelekom.
From 1993, the executive organisation is Ukrtelekom. Originally, it was a state agency. Its most urgent task was reform international calls, as these were at the time all routed through Moscow. In the period 1995 to 1996, 20 provincial (oblast) level telephone networks, the Crimea and Sebastopol networks were re-structured as daughter companies of Ukrtelekom.


Planning for privatisation of ukrtelekom (Ukranian) started in 2009, leading to a re-branding to ukrtelecom (English). After the departure of president Yanukovych, the company was turned into a joint stock company and sold to the highest of two bidders, ESU, a subsidiary of EPIC Invest, an Austrian investment company. ESU on-sold its shares to Ukrainian oligarch Rinat Akhmetov. President Zelensky has been in constant conflict with Akhmetov, who he suspects of corruption. Akhmetov denies the charges.
Planning for the privatization of Ukrtelekom (Ukrainian) began in 2009, leading to a rebranding to Ukrtelecom (English). Under President Yanukovych (a native of Donbass), Ukrtelecom was transformed into a joint-stock company in 2011 and sold to ESU, a subsidiary of EPIC Invest, an Austrian investment company. In 2013 ESU on-sold Ukrtelecom to SCM, owned by a native of Donbass, Rinat Akhmetov and the richest man in Ukraine. The legitimacy of these sales was unsuccessfully challenged in court.


Between 1991 and 1996, when Dniprotelekom was the last local integrated the issuers of telephone tokens were individual city administrations. National issues may date from 1993 to around 2000. Below is a list to city-issued tokens with the city names in Ukrainian, linked to Wikipedia and Russian. The tokens use Russian spelling or the name in brackets. Many Russian telephone tokens remain unidentified. Possibly, some of these are Ukranian.
All token issues are likely to date from the 1990s. Ukraine experienced hyperinflation until 1997, necessitating the use of tokens for coin operated machines, including public telephones. Between 1991 and 1996, when Dniprotelekom was the last local company integrated into Ukrtelekom, the issuers of telephone tokens were individual city administrations. National issues may date from 1993 to around 2000. By that time, public telephones were gradually converted to the use of chip cards.
 
Below is a list of cities that issued telephone tokens with the city names in Ukrainian (linked to Wikipedia) and Russian. The tokens with city name use Russian spelling. Many Russian telephone tokens remain unidentified. Possibly, some of these are Ukranian. In addition, generic tokens and altered Russian coins are known and could have been used in Ukraine.


*[[Ukrainian city issues]]
*[[Ukrainian city issues]]
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**[https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Dnipro Dnipro] - Dniepropetrovsk
**[https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Dnipro Dnipro] - Dniepropetrovsk
**[https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Kamianets-Podilskyi Kamianets-Podilskyi] - Kamenets-Podolskiy
**[https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Kamianets-Podilskyi Kamianets-Podilskyi] - Kamenets-Podolskiy
**[https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Kherson Kherson] (Zv'azok) - Kherson
**[https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Kherson Kherson] - Kherson
**[https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Crimea Krim] - Kr'im
**[https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Crimea Krim] - Kr'im
**[https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Luhansk Luhans'k] - Luhansk  
**[https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Luhansk Luhans'k] - Luhansk  
**[https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Lviv Lviv] - Lvov
**[https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Lviv Lviv] - Lvov
**[https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Lysychansk Lysychans'k] - Lysychansk
**[https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Lysychansk Lysychans'k] - Lysychansk
**[https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Mykolaiv Mykolaiv] (Gor Ptus) - Nikolaev
**[https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Pervomaisk,_Luhansk_Oblast Pervomais'k] - Pervomaisk
**[https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Pervomaisk,_Luhansk_Oblast Pervomais'k] - Pervomaisk
**[https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Poltava Poltava] - Poltava
**[https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Rivne Rivne] - Rovno
**[https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Rivne Rivne] - Rovno
**[https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Zaporizhzhia Zaporozhia] - Zaporozhskoi  
**[https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Zaporizhzhia Zaporozhia] - Zaporozhskoi  
**[https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Zhytomyr Zhytomyr] - Zhitomir
*[[Ukrainian national issues]]
*[[Ukrainian national issues]]
*[[Generic issues]]


All issues are likely to date from the 1990s. Ukraine regained independence in 1991. It experienced very high inflation until 1997, necessitating the use of tokens for coin operated machines, including public telephones. By 2000, public telephones were gradually converted to the use of chip cards.
Principal source:
Savonin & Is'kov: Телефонные жетоны СССР, России, СНГ, стран Балтии (''Telephone tokens of the USSR, Russia, CIS, Baltic countries''. Moscow 2009

Latest revision as of 11:49, 20 July 2022

Ukraine regained independence in 1991. The Ministry of Transport became the regulator and supervisor of the telephone network. Its name was changed under President Leonid Kuchma to the Ministry of Transport and Communications in 2004. In 2010, President Viktor Yanukovych changed its name to the Ministry of Infrastructure

Kiev booth.jpg

From 1993, the executive organisation is Ukrtelekom. Originally, it was a state agency. Its most urgent task was reform international calls, as these were at the time all routed through Moscow. In the period 1995 to 1996, 20 provincial (oblast) level telephone networks, the Crimea and Sebastopol networks were re-structured as daughter companies of Ukrtelekom.

Planning for the privatization of Ukrtelekom (Ukrainian) began in 2009, leading to a rebranding to Ukrtelecom (English). Under President Yanukovych (a native of Donbass), Ukrtelecom was transformed into a joint-stock company in 2011 and sold to ESU, a subsidiary of EPIC Invest, an Austrian investment company. In 2013 ESU on-sold Ukrtelecom to SCM, owned by a native of Donbass, Rinat Akhmetov and the richest man in Ukraine. The legitimacy of these sales was unsuccessfully challenged in court.

All token issues are likely to date from the 1990s. Ukraine experienced hyperinflation until 1997, necessitating the use of tokens for coin operated machines, including public telephones. Between 1991 and 1996, when Dniprotelekom was the last local company integrated into Ukrtelekom, the issuers of telephone tokens were individual city administrations. National issues may date from 1993 to around 2000. By that time, public telephones were gradually converted to the use of chip cards.

Below is a list of cities that issued telephone tokens with the city names in Ukrainian (linked to Wikipedia) and Russian. The tokens with city name use Russian spelling. Many Russian telephone tokens remain unidentified. Possibly, some of these are Ukranian. In addition, generic tokens and altered Russian coins are known and could have been used in Ukraine.

Principal source: Savonin & Is'kov: Телефонные жетоны СССР, России, СНГ, стран Балтии (Telephone tokens of the USSR, Russia, CIS, Baltic countries. Moscow 2009