Difference between revisions of "Sweden telephone tokens"

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Latest revision as of 21:14, 1 October 2022

Introduction

6 bolts logo.jpg

In 1853, the Swedish government established Kongliga Elecktriska Telegraf-Werket (the Royal Electrical Telegraph Works), an independent, profit-based state enterprise. Its name was changed to Kongliga Telegrafverket in 1871, and to Kungliga Telegrafverket (KTV) in 1903. The telephone was introduced to Sweden in 1880. While private networks developed in cities, KTV set up a network connecting ministries and state agencies in Stockholm. From 1883, KTV bought up small existing private networks and connected them to their network until, in 1920, it obtained a de facto monopoly, known as Rikstelefon (National Telephone), by buying its last big competitor, Stockholms Allmänna Telefon AB. In 1953, KTV was renamed Televerket. The KTV, Rikstelefon and Televerket logo is known as Nordstjärnan (the North Star), a 5-pointed star between bolts. The bolts are not meant as lightning. Photo: @fotojagaren

From the First World War on, telephone technology development in Sweden was in the hands of Telefonaktiebolaget L M Ericsson, better known today simply as Ericsson. It was responsible for the introduction of automatic telephone exchanges, beginning in 1924. It also invented a Swedish style mobile phone in 1956: a bakelite telephone with dial sitting on the dashboard of a car and a 30 kilo battery setup in the boot. In 1992, the regulatory part of Televerket became Telestyrelsen (National Telecommunications Agency) while the operative part of the company was privatised as Telia AB in 1993. In search of scale, Telia merged with its Finnish counterpart to form Telia Sonera AB in 2003. By this time, a public telephone model suitable for telephone cards and coins had been developed, but was proven unnecessary. By 2000, telephone booths had largely disappeared, due to the rise in use of mobile phones.

Comprehensive history and tokens of swedish Telephone (in Swedish) [1]

Region numbers

The numbers on the KTV tokens run from 1 to 19. Before 1969, there were six telephone districts: 1 Malmö, 2 Göteborg, 3 Norrköping, 4 Stockholm, 5 Gävle, 6 Sundsvall. They are the first digit on the TELE tokens. The second digit represents a regional office. After 1969, there were four districts: 1 South (Malmö), 2 West (Göteborg), 3 East (Stockholm), 4 North (Sundsvall). The function of the 6-digit numbers is not clear.

The tokens

The 1941 public telephones would make local calls only and accept only 10 öre coins. From 1953, machines that accepted 3 denominations, 10 öre, 25 öre and 1 krona, were introduced for long distance calls. Later model public phones would also accept 50 öre & 5 kronor coins. Most Swedish telephone tokens are for testing, in particular for calibration of the coin rejection mechanism. They were not meant for clients of Televerket.

Catalogue

Stockholms Bell Telefon Aktiebolag 1882-1888
File:TSW-SBT1.jpg
Filename TSW-SBT1
Side 1 Stockholms Bell Telefon Aktiebolag (crossed Mouth pieces)
Side 2 Brakteat
Manufacture Brass
Size (mm) 29 x 20
Weight (grams)
Notes Oval, Brakteat, Stockholmpolletter 5D.1.1
Source sandström
File:TSW-SBT2.jpg
Filename TSW-SBT2
Side 1 Stockholms Bell Telefon Aktiebolag (crossed Mouth pieces)
Side 2 Brakteat
Manufacture copper
Size (mm) 29 x 20
Weight (grams)
Notes Oval, Brakteat, Stockholmpolletter 5D.1.2
Source sandström
TSW-SBT3.jpg
Filename TSW-SBT3
Side 1 Stockholms Bell Telefon Aktiebolag (crossed Mouth pieces)
Side 2 Brakteat
Manufacture brass
Size (mm) 18
Weight (grams)
Notes Round, Brakteat, Stockholmpolletter 5D.1.4

Photo: Magnus Wijk, Myntauktioner i Sverige,

Source sandström
File:TSW-SBT4.jpg
Filename TSW-SBT4
Side 1 Stockholms Bell Telefon Aktiebolag (crossed Mouth pieces)
Side 2 Brakteat
Manufacture brass
Size (mm) 18
Weight (grams)
Notes Round, Brakteat, both sides clipped,

Stockholmpolletter 5D.1.5

Source sandström
File:TSW-SBT5.jpg
Filename TSW-SBT5
Side 1 Stockholms Bell Telefon Aktiebolag (crossed Mouth pieces)
Side 2 Brakteat
Manufacture White Metal
Size (mm) 18
Weight (grams)
Notes Round, Brakteat, Stockholmpolletter 5D.1.3
Source sandström
Svea Hallen 1890s
TSW-SH1.jpg
Filename TSW-SH1
Side 1 Svea Hallen / Telefon (with a pearl border)
Side 2 Blank
Manufacture Copper
Size (mm) 40 x 22
Weight (grams) 5.49
Notes Private token for telephone in an old swimming pool, Stockholm,

Photo: Magnus Wijk, Myntauktioner i Sverige, Stockholmpolletter 7A.5.2

Source sandström
Kungliga Telegrafverket (KTV)1903-1945
TSW-KTV-1.jpg
Filename TSW-KTV-1
Side 1 logo (6 bolts), K.T.V. (Kungliga Telegraf Verket)
Side 2 region number (1-2 digits)
Manufacture Copper with centre hole
Size (mm) 15
Weight (grams)
Notes 10 öreWatchit.jpgTSW-KTV-1 Varieties
Source Groenendijk
TSW-KTV-2.jpg
Filename TSW-KTV-2
Side 1 logo (6 bolts), K.T.V. (Kungliga Telegraf Verket)
Side 2 region number (1-2 digits)
Manufacture Brass with centre hole
Size (mm) 15
Weight (grams)
Notes 10 öre
Source Groenendijk
TSW-KTV-3A.jpg
Filename TSW-KTV-3A
Side 1 logo (6 bolts), K.T.V. (Kungliga Telegraf Verket)
Side 2 region number (1-2 digits) or blank
Manufacture White Metal coated Brass with centre hole
Size (mm) 15
Weight (grams)
Notes 10 öre

TSW-KTV-3 Varieties

Source Auction
Telegrafverket (TV)1946-1953
File:TSW-TV-1.jpg
Filename TSW-TV-1
Side 1 small low crown T.V.(with Serifs)

can also be found with T.V (missing last dot).

Side 2 number in centre 4.5mm ,(numbers 1,2 & 17,18)
Manufacture brass
Size (mm) 15
Weight (grams)
Notes 10 öre, used 1950-53
Source sandström
TSW-TV-2.jpg
Filename TSW-TV-2
Side 1 small high crown T.V.(with Serifs)
Side 2 number on bottom edge 5.5mm, (numbers 1,2 & 17,18)
Manufacture brass
Size (mm) 15
Weight (grams)
Notes 10 öre, used 1950-53 TSW-TV-2 Varieties
Source sandström
File:TSW-TV-3.jpg
Filename TSW-TV-3
Side 1 (3 small crowns with TV underneath)2.5mm
Side 2 number on bottom edge 5.5mm ,(numbers 1,2 & 17,18)
Manufacture brass
Size (mm) 15
Weight (grams)
Notes 10 öre, used 1950-53 TSW-TV-3 Varieties
Source sandström
File:TSW-TV-4.jpg
Filename TSW-TV-4
Side 1 (3 large crowns with large TV underneath)5mm
Side 2 number on bottom edge 5.7mm ,(numbers 1,2 & 17,18)
Manufacture brass
Size (mm) 15
Weight (grams)
Notes 10 öre, used 1950-53 TSW-TV-4 Varieties
Source sandström
Televerket (Tele)1953-1993
TSW2.jpg
Filename TSW2
Side 1 Televerket logo (4 bolts) / TELE
Side 2 region number (2 digits)
Manufacture Brass
Size (mm) 15
Weight (grams)
Notes 10 öre, used 1954-1980
Source Groenendijk
TSW3.jpg
Filename TSW3
Side 1 Televerket logo (4 bolts) / TELE
Side 2 region number (2 digits)
Manufacture Brass
Size (mm) 17
Weight (grams)
Notes 25 öre, used 1954-1980
Source Groenendijk
TSW4.jpg
Filename TSW4
Side 1 Televerket logo (4 bolts) / TELE
Side 2 region number (2 digits) / serial number (5 digits)
Manufacture Brass
Size (mm) 25
Weight (grams)
Notes 1 Kroner, used 1954-1980
Source Sandström
File:TSW-TT-1.jpg
Filename TSW-TT-1
Side 1 Televerket logo (8 bolts)
Side 2 TILLHÖR (property of)/ TELEVERKET
Manufacture Nickel
Size (mm) 17
Weight (grams)
Notes 25 öre, 1980, only used for 6 months.
Source Sandström
TSW-TT-2.jpg
Filename TSW-TT-2
Side 1 Televerket logo (8 bolts)
Side 2 TILLHÖR (property of)/ TELEVERKET
Manufacture copper plated Nickel
Size (mm) 17
Weight (grams)
Notes 25 öre, used 1981-1987
Source Sandström
TSW-TT-3.jpg
Filename TSW-TT-3
Side 1 Televerket logo (8 bolts)
Side 2 TILLHÖR (property of)/ TELEVERKET
Manufacture copper plated Nickel
Size (mm) 22
Weight (grams)
Notes 50 öre TSW-TT-3 Varieties
Source Sandström
TSW-TT-4.jpg
Filename TSW-TT-4
Side 1 Televerket logo (8 bolts)
Side 2 TILLHÖR (property of) / TELEVERKET
Manufacture Nickel
Size (mm) 25
Weight (grams)
Notes 1 krona, 1980, only used for 6 months.
Source Sandström
TSW-TT-5.jpg
Filename TSW-TT-5
Side 1 Televerket logo (8 bolts)
Side 2 TILLHÖR (property of) / TELEVERKET
Manufacture copper plated Nickel
Size (mm) 25
Weight (grams)
Notes 1 krona, used 1981-? Watchit.jpgTSW-TT-5 Varieties
Source Sandström
TSW-TT-6.jpg
Filename TSW-TT-6
Side 1 Televerket logo (8 bolts)
Side 2 TILLHÖR (property of) / TELEVERKET / serial number (6 digits)
Manufacture copper plated Nickel
Size (mm) 28
Weight (grams)
Notes 5 kronor, used 1982-?
Source Sandström


Associated tokens
TSW-ASS-1.jpg
Filename TSW-ASS-1
Side 1 L.M.Ericsson & Co / Stockholm
Side 2 99
Manufacture White Metal with 2 holes top & bottom
Size (mm)
Weight (grams)
Notes
Source
TSW-ASS-2.jpg
Filename TSW-ASS-2
Side 1 L.M.Ericsson & Co / Stockholm
Side 2 712
Manufacture copper with 2 holes top & bottom
Size (mm)
Weight (grams)
Notes round
Source
TSW-ASS-3.jpg
Filename TSW-ASS-3
Side 1 1 / Liter / I.B.
Side 2 Televerkets logo
Manufacture brass
Size (mm)
Weight (grams)
Notes round , I.B. stands for Igelfors Bruk, unknown why

Televerkets logo is on the back of a dairy token

Source
TSW-ASS-4.jpg
Filename TSW-ASS-4
Side 1 2 / Liter / I.B.
Side 2 Televerkets logo
Manufacture brass
Size (mm)
Weight (grams)
Notes Square , I.B. stands for Igelfors Bruk, unknown why

Televerkets logo is on the back of a dairy token

Source

References

Groenendijk, Henk A.: A Catalog of Telephone and Telegraph Tokens of the World. Leiden 1989.

Arne Sandström Tele tokens PDF (SW)