Le Taxiphone

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Taxiphone share.jpg

The company Le Taxiphone held the rights in France for the invention of Mr. Hall and Mr. Rousotte of a machine that would make a telephone connection if it was fed an appropriate coin or token. The company held a virtual monopoly on development, production, maintenance and running of telephones, both in post offices and in booths. These telephones made only local calls and worked on tokens in the period 1924 - 1963. Tokens were called for because of relatively rapid inflation. In case of a price increase, their price could be changed and the machines would not have to be adapted. Nevertheless, there are two distinct size classes of the tokens: 24 mm and 19.5 to 20 mm.

The tokens were produced in two mints: the state mint in Paris (mintmark cornucopia) and a private mint that left no mint mark, but replaced the Paris mint mark with a decoration. Further research on the cost of a local call in France may throw light on the significance of the varieties of the tokens.

In 1963, Le Taxiphone lost its monopoly, long distance calls from telephone booths became possible and inflation had abated to the point where a new franc would soon be introduced. For a short time, there were transitional machines that accepted both tokens and coins.

Refs. G = Groenendijk, Henk A.: A Catalog of Telephone and Telegraph Tokens of the World. Leiden 1989.

Refs. KhodFR = Telephone and Telegraph Tokens of France and The French African Colonies. Viktor Khodzhayev 2016.

Le Taxiphone
TTX1.jpg
Filename TTX1
Side 1 COMPAGNIE LE TAXIPHONE cornucopia
Side 2 COMPAGNIE LE TAXIPHONE
Manufacture Copper-nickel
Size (mm) 24
Weight (grams) 4.50
Varieties Watchit.jpgTTX1 varieties
Notes GB1 and KhodFR10. The only token of this series on which both sides are not the same.
Source Redwine
TTX2.jpg
Filename TTX2
Side 1 COMPAGNIE LE TAXIPHONE cornucopia
Side 2 COMPAGNIE LE TAXIPHONE cornucopia
Manufacture Copper-nickel
Size (mm) 24
Weight (grams) 4.00
Notes Watchit.jpgTTX2 varieties
Source malj1
TTX2b.jpg
Filename TTX2b
Side 1 •COMPAGNIE LE TAXIPHONE• cornucopia
Side 2 •COMPAGNIE LE TAXIPHONE• cornucopia
Manufacture Copper-nickel
Size (mm) 24
Weight (grams) 4.00
Die rotation ↑↑ (KhodFR12-1) and ↑ ↓ (KhodFR12-2).
Varieties Watchit.jpgTTX2b varieties
Notes GB3. Dots in legend.
Source Figleaf
TTX3.jpg
Filename TTX3
Side 1 •COMPAGNIE LE TAXIPHONE• decoration
Side 2 •COMPAGNIE LE TAXIPHONE• decoration
Manufacture Copper-nickel
Size (mm) 24
Weight (grams) 4.00
Notes Watchit.jpgTTX3 varieties
Source Redwine
TTX5.jpg
Filename TTX5
Side 1 P.T.T. and COMPAGNIE LE TAXIPHONE cornucopia
Side 2 P.T.T. and COMPAGNIE LE TAXIPHONE cornucopia
Manufacture Brass
Size (mm) 24
Weight (grams) 4.2
Notes KhodFR09
Source
TTX6.jpg
Filename TTX6
Side 1 COMPAGNIE LE TAXIPHONE cornucopia
Side 2 COMPAGNIE LE TAXIPHONE cornucopia
Manufacture Copper-nickel
Size (mm) 20.10
Weight (grams) 3.60
Notes GB6 and KhodFR14. About 2.25 mm between cornucopia and middle bar of E
Source malj1
TTX6b.jpg
Filename TTX6b
Side 1 COMPAGNIE LE TAXIPHONE cornucopia
Side 2 COMPAGNIE LE TAXIPHONE cornucopia
Manufacture Copper-nickel
Varieties Watchit.jpgTTX6b varieties
Size (mm) 19.50
Weight (grams) 2,50
Die rotation ↑↑ (KhodFR15-1) and ↑ ↓ (KhodFR15-2).
Notes GB7. About 1.5 mm between cornucopia and middle bar of E.
Source malj1
TTX7.jpg
Filename TTX7
Side 1 V and •COMPAGNIE LE TAXIPHONE• decoration
Side 2 V and •COMPAGNIE LE TAXIPHONE• decoration
Manufacture Brass
Size (mm) 24
Weight (grams) 4.05
Notes Only know in ↑↑ alignement KhodFR17 and GB8.
Source malj1
TTX8.jpg
Filename TTX8
Side 1 V and •COMPAGNIE LE TAXIPHONE• decoration
Side 2 V and •COMPAGNIE LE TAXIPHONE• decoration
Manufacture Brass
Size (mm) 24
Die rotation ↑↑ (KhodFR18-1) and ↑ ↓ (KhodFR18-2).
Weight (grams) 3.70
Notes GB9
Source
TTX9.jpg
Filename TTX9
Side 1 V and COMPAGNIE LE TAXIPHONE decoration
Side 2 V and COMPAGNIE LE TAXIPHONE decoration
Manufacture Brass
Size (mm) 19.60
Weight (grams) 2.55
Notes Only know in ↑↑ alignement KhodFR19 and GB10.
Source Redwine