Scottishmoney's Newbs - Beauties on Banknotes

Started by Ukrainii Pyat, July 21, 2010, 06:51:27 PM

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Prosit

That is because by almost anybody's standards, Americans (in general) are prudes.
Dale

Quote from: chrisild on July 23, 2010, 10:33:53 AM
Umm, over here (and probably in much of Europe) it's the Americans who are considered prude. Christian

Ukrainii Pyat

Quote from: chrisild on July 23, 2010, 10:33:53 AM
Umm, over here (and probably in much of Europe) it's the Americans who are considered prude. Guess there is a reason for that. ;) As for that German (BdL) note, this is one of the early examples of Europa on the bull (Zeus), a scene that you find on quite a few commemorative and collector coins nowadays.


Christian

Sadly that is true, my beliefs are that the Europeans are a bit more progressive in reality.  Just MHO.  There are some groups (religious) that would like to make the USA a theocracy along the lines of Iran, but a "Christian" version though.

I love the symbolism of the 1948 5 DM note, in a lot of ways it was significant of a new rebirth in Germany and Europe.  I also like the note that replaced it in 1960 with Albrecht Durer's "Venetian Woman":

http://www.scottishmoney.net/banknotes/germany/germany51960dtl.jpg

http://www.scottishmoney.net/banknotes/germany/germany51960.jpg

Albrecht Durer, a painter extraordinaire who has the distinction of having more of his works on banknotes than perhaps any other painter in history.  Sometime I might do a work on his art used on 1920's through 1980's banknotes.
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Ukrainii Pyat

Quote from: dalehall on July 23, 2010, 01:00:26 PM
That is because by almost anybody's standards, Americans (in general) are prudes.
Dale


Kind of like a theocracy, more so in the past than now.  But there is still a lot of room for progress though.
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chrisild

Quote from: scottishmoney on July 23, 2010, 01:44:11 PM
I also like the note that replaced it in 1960 with Albrecht Durer's "Venetian Woman"

Basically a nice note, yes. The poor lady's bad luck was to end up on the fiver - the Germans much preferred the coin with the same face value. And when the notes of that series were replaced with 1990 series, there was some discussion about whether the "5" was still necessary. Not really - but since we had equal opportunity paper money then ... :)

Christian

Ukrainii Pyat

I think in different places the paper money actually saw a bit more circulation - in Bayern for instance.  But I never remember seeing the 5DM bills up in Hamburg, Frankfurt etc.  I remember spending some of the 10DM coins in Munchen years ago and the poor shopkeeper thought I was nuts for spending those "rare" old coins ;D
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Ukrainii Pyat



Puerto Rico had been a colony of the Spanish Crown for over 400 years until 1898 when the naval forces of the United States of America launched an invasion during the Spanish-American War of 1898. Prior to the United States seizing control of the island, Puerto Rican nationalists fought against the Spanish colonial government with an objective of independence, a cause shared in common with Cuban nationalists of the time. Despite their hard fought campaign they failed in their attempt and control of Puerto Rico passed seemlessly from Spain to the United States when the Treaty of Paris was signed in December 1898.

One of the specific clauses of the Treaty of Paris was the provision that institutions which had previously existed during the Spanish administration of the islands would continue, in this case the Banco Español de Puerto Rico. This institution was formed in 1888 with the accession of the Spanish Crown granting a 25 year charter. The first banknotes were issued beginning in 1894 and featured the paschal lamb and or Maria Christina of Austria who was Spain's regent during the minority of Spain's King Alfonso XIII.

Beginning in 1900 the Banco Español de Puerto Rico went through a name change and became The Bank of Porto Rico, and a now curious anomaly occured regarding titles on the banknotes, the notes became bilingual with both Spanish and English, but apparently the American colonial authorities in an overt effort at Americanization intended to eliminate Spanish as a spoken language in the islands. This is apparent with this reverse proof of a $5 from the 1909 issue. The English takes precedence in size and placement on the note, the font in the English below the portrait is noticeably larger. It is now known that the American colonial government during the time had hoped to replace Spanish with English and the usage of the latter was strongly encouraged. As often happens with such overt measures, of course it met with strong resistance and the only real loser was the English language. To this day, with a distinctly Puerto Rican dialect, Spanish continues to be spoken prominently there.

The banknotes of The Bank of Porto Rico - Banco de Puerto Rico are incredibly rare now. The 25 year charter expired in 1913, and the bank was liquidated. Liabilities of the bank including it's banknotes continued to retain their value and did in fact circulate actively until 1916 when they were recalled for the first time. In 1925 a final $14872.00 was removed from circulation and through the Great Depression of the 1930's the vast majority of notes were redeemed by their bearers. Given their unique history, with early ties to a Spanish sponsored bank, to a United States sponsored bank that continued to issue it's own notes during a time when American National Banks were then chartered in Puerto Rico in denominations of United States Dollars, these notes have an enviable history and interests amongst collectors. This particular proof is the reverse from the last issue, Series F, that was issued in 1909. It features a portrait that was a stock image from American Banknote Company, the lady representing knowledge appears on many contemporary issues from the Americas including the Canadian Bank of Commerce $5 of 1907, and the Two Pesos note from the El Banco De La Compañia De Credito De Puerto Plata in the Dominican Republic.
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thelawnet

Quote from: scottishmoney on July 23, 2010, 02:42:53 AM
One would get the impression that our German friends are prudes - much like the Americans seem to be, but rather they have this adventurous side as I have found out in collecting:

I always thought they were quite comfortable with nudity.

Wikipedia notes:

"In Germany and Austria, where most public swimming pool complexes have sauna areas, nudity is strictly enforced in public saunas" "Separate single-sex saunas for both genders are rare, most places offer women-only and mixed-gender saunas, or organise women-only days for the sauna once a week."

Prosit

Seems a little harsh   ;)
Dale



Quote from: thelawnet on August 31, 2010, 11:13:55 PM

Wikipedia notes:  "In Germany and Austria, ..... nudity is strictly enforced in public saunas"

Ukrainii Pyat



Guatemala is a country in Central America, located betwixt Mexico and Nicaragua. Like many contemporary Latin American countries, commercial banks issued banknotes into the early part of the 20th century - the effect of which was very lovely designs created by Waterlow and Sons and American Banknote Company. Competition for banknote orders was fierce betwixt the two companies, but Guatemalan banks tended to go with Waterlow and Sons Printers for their note orders. One aspect of many Waterlow printed notes was that they used original vignettes created for the customer more often than ABNCo did.

Guatemala had pegged their currency, the Peso, to the French franc at a rate of 1 Peso : 5 Francs, but this peg was abandoned and the currency allowed to float - resulting in an inflationary period that extended for about a quarter of a century. In 1925 the Guatemalan central bank stepped in, and recalled all the peso denominated notes and exchanged 60 Pesos for a new "Quetzal" denominated currency that remains their currency unit to this day.

This note was issued by a commercial bank, El Banco de Occidente, Quetzaltenango, in the city of Quetzaltenango, Guatemala's second largest city in south central Guatemala. The design of this note dates into the late 19th century for this bank, and was used up until the currency recall in 1925.
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Prosit


Ukrainii Pyat


A long time in coming, a note that is scarce but obtainable - if you are willing to have a completely worn out example.  Curiously, though Austria ditched the gulden coinage, the paper money continued to be issued in gulden for a decade after the adoption of the krone coinage in 1892.  These notes were only withdrawn in 1903.
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Ukrainii Pyat



The vignette of the young lady on this 1926 series of banknotes issued by Caixa de Estabilizacao "Stabilisation Bank" is titled "Reverie" and her image appeared as the central portrait on all of the notes from this series. The Brazilian Reis currency had been in circulation as a unit since 1790, during the era of Portuguese rule. Brazil would subsequently become an empire independent of Portugal and thence a republic in 1889, after which the currency sharply devalued. By the time this note was issued it was worth approximately 80 US cents, and was backed by redemption in gold. Of course as with all paper money - eventually it lost value, with the adoption of the Cruzeiro currency in 1942 and the final demonetisation of the Reis currency in 1955. Since that time Brazil has gone through numerous currency re-valuations where previous currencies quickly lose all value and are called in and replaced.



The currency reform in Germany was brought on by inflation of the old Reichsmark and the need to provide Germany with a stable currency. By 1948 relations betwixt the western powers and the Soviet Union had broken down to the point at which the Soviets were not even included in the planning for the introduction of the new Deutschmark denominated currency beginning in 1948. Curiously the new currency order was initiated on Sunday 20 June by Ludwig Erhard, Director of Economics in the Western Zones of Germany - he chose this day as he was sure the Western Powers(USA, Britain and France) could not countermand his order. Despite his heavy handed step towards German financial independence he succeeded.

The sheer volume of currency being exchanged for the old Reichsmarks necessitated currency coming in from multiple sources, German printers, Banque de France and from America the American Banknote Company and Tudor Press. This 20DM note was printed by American Banknote Company but does not bear their imprint. The vignette is proprietary to this note and is symbolic of industry - with the ubiquitous beehive and the factory in the background. These 1948 dated notes symbolised the nascent rebirth of the German economy - the bold decision by Ludwig Erhard initiated the phenomenal growth in the German economy that would result in Germany rejoining Europe as an economic powerhouse.
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chrisild

Amazing how American these two bills look. :) The note for Brazil and the note for Germany are basically copies of US dollar designs: Hardly any color, value in digits in all four corners, etc.

As for Ludwig Erhard, I don't think his plans regarding the currency reform in the Western occupation zones were against what the military administration wanted; they had no plans to countermand it. One important decision, however, that Erhard made (or was particularly involved in) was that at the same time the rationing came to an almost complete end ...

Christian

Ukrainii Pyat

Quote from: chrisild on November 08, 2010, 10:34:17 PM
Amazing how American these two bills look. :) The note for Brazil and the note for Germany are basically copies of US dollar designs: Hardly any color, value in digits in all four corners, etc.


Christian

Well yes and no, obviously both notes were printed by American Banknote - the German one rather hastily.  That is the fascinating aspect of the currency revaluation in all of Germany - the Soviet Zone used the stickered up RM and Rentenmark notes up until July when they were replaced with hastily executed notes printed in Moscow.  In the Western Zones they used the different notes printed by German printers, BdF, ABNCo, and Tudor press.  So there were all these currencies circulating at the same time.  It kind of reminds me of Ukraine a few years ago when we were using the 1992 Canadian Banknote Co printed notes, then the 1994 - 1996 Ukraine printed notes with all different designs at the same time.  It was sometimes confusing with colours being similar with the 2 and 10 Hryven notes.

I do NOT like the Tudor press notes, they are very plain and boring.  My favourite is the German printed 5 DM with Europa and the bull - a unique and well designed and printed banknote.
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Ukrainii Pyat

A famous beauty from history, Nefertiti was the consort of the Egyptian Pharaoh Akhenaton(1353-1336 BC) Nefertiti was a powerful figure for a consort during her era, and it has been conjectured that she may have in fact ruled the Egyptian Kingdom for a brief period of time. Curiously Nefertiti would largely be forgotten to history but for the fact that her bust in Limestone that was found in 1912 by German archeologists and most currently on display at the Neues Museum in Berlin. Her bust has provided an ideal of what beauty meant to the ancient Egyptians.


Fast forward three millenium and Queen Nefertiti was again brought to the fore, the King of Egypt, King Farouk, had been overthrown in a coup and Egypt proclaimed a republic. The previous 5 Piastres notes had a vignette of King Farouk and needed to be replaced to reflect the political changes. The removal by and display by the Germans of the bust of Queen Nefertiti has continued to be a sore point in German-Egyptian relations since 1912 and the return of the bust to her homeland has been pursued by Egypt ever since. When this note was first issued in 1952, her bust had been in Germany for forty years. Curiously this note design has continued to the present day with numerous minor modifications to the design, a reminder to present day Egyptians of their glorious past, and the hope that Nefertiti's bust may return rightfully to Egypt to be displayed there.
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