News:

Sign up for the monthly zoom events by sending a PM with your email address to Hitesh

Main Menu

Overview of British Victorian Copper and Bronze Denominations

Started by Deeman, February 08, 2023, 07:40:48 PM

Previous topic - Next topic

0 Members and 1 Guest are viewing this topic.

Deeman

Joseph Moore

In 1860 a few bronzed copper private speculations were struck by Joseph Moore, a well-known medallist of Birmingham. These were sent by him to the Mint for the approval of the Government, but were not accepted. The dies were destroyed in 1886 after several examples had been re-struck in silver, white metal, bronze and copper by E. Shorthouse of Birmingham.



1860 dated J. Moore bronzed copper penny type 1.
Obverse with laureate bust left, inscribed VICTORIA QUEEN, date below.
Reverse with Britannia seated to right on rock, inscribed GREAT BRITAIN AND IRELAND, value expressed as 1D below.





1860 dated J. Moore bronzed copper penny type 2. Obverse as type 1.
Reverse with Britannia seated to left on rock, inscribed GREAT BRITAIN above, ONE PENNY below.





1860 dated J. Moore bronzed copper penny type 3. Obverse as type 1.
Reverse with Britannia seated to right on rock, incuse inscription ONE PENNY above, incuse date below.





1860 dated J. Moore bronzed copper penny type 4. Obverse as type 1.
Reverse with Britannia seated to left on rock, no inscription.





1860 dated J. Moore bronzed copper penny type 5.
Obverse with coroneted bust left, incuse circumscription VICTORIA DEI GRATIA BRITT: REG: F: D:
Reverse as type 3.

Deeman

Laureate Bun Head Pattern Pennies

The obverse depicts the 'bun head' laureate portrait left, draped in bodice and mantle, rose brooch on bodice, mantle embroidered with rose, thistle and shamrock and partial Garter star to the back, within a circumscription of 'Victoria, by the Grace of God, Queen of the British Isles, Defender of the Faith'. The reverse depicts Britannia to the right seated on rock against a seascape in flowing robes, scale armour on breast, wearing a Corinthian helmet pushed back to reveal her face, right hand resting on a Union shield behind, left hand holding a trident, right leg extended, man-of-war with sails set to right, lighthouse on a rock to left, letters L.C.W. slightly left under shield, circumscribed by the denomination divided by the design, date in exergue.



1860 dated (MDCCCLX) bronzed copper pattern penny, toothed border. Also struck in aluminium-bronze.
Obverse inscription is VICTORIA D G / BRITTANNIAR REGINA F D, colon stops, beaded inner circle.
Reverse inscription is ONE / PE / NNY, beaded inner circle.





1860 dated (MDCCCLX) bronzed copper pattern penny, beaded border. Also struck in aluminium-bronze.
Obverse inscription is VICTORIA D G BRITTANNIAR REG F D, colon stops.
Reverse inscription is ONE / PE / NNY.





1860 dated bronze pattern penny, beaded border. Also struck in bronzed copper.
Obverse inscription is VICTORIA D G BRITANNIARUM REGINA, pellet stops.
Reverse inscription is ONE / PENNY.





1860 dated bronzed copper pattern penny, beaded border.
Obverse inscription is VICTORIA D G BRITTANNIAR REG F D, pellet stops, L.C.W. in relief to right below bust.
Reverse inscription is ONE / PENNY.





1860 dated bronze pattern penny, beaded border.
Obverse inscription is VICTORIA D G / BRIT REG F D, annulet stops, very tiny L.C. WYON in relief to right below bust.
Reverse inscription is ONE / PENNY, thick date.

Deeman

Diademed Bun Head Pattern Penny

The obverse depicts a 'bun head' diademed portrait left, draped in bodice and mantle, rose brooch on bodice, cape embroidered with rose, thistle and shamrock and partial Garter star to the back, letters T.J.M. below mantle. The circumscription divided by the head is 'Victoria, by the Grace of God, Queen of the British Isles, Defender of the Faith'. The reverse depicts Britannia to the right seated on rock in flowing robes, wearing a Corinthian helmet pushed back to reveal her face, right hand resting on a Union shield behind, left hand holding a trident, right leg extended, man-of-war with sails set to right, lighthouse on a rock to left, letters L.C.W. directly under shield, circumscribed by the denomination divided by the design, date in exergue.



1865 dated bronze pattern penny, portrait by TJ Minton, reverse by LC Wyon. Also exists dated 1862.
Obverse inscription is VICTORIA D G / BRITT REG F D, colon stops.
Reverse inscription is ONE / PENNY, pellet stop.

Deeman

Jubilee Head Pattern Penny

The 'jubilee head' features a portrait that was introduced to celebrate Victoria's Golden Jubilee, marking fifty years since accession. The design change was only to be extended to gold and silver issues, the bronze coinage continuing to bear the 'bun' portrait. The portrait was criticised for the diminutive crown and the jowly look.

The obverse depicts the draped Queen left wearing a diminutive crown that she preferred to wear at that time, a veil descending from a widow's cap worn under the crown. The queen is wearing a pearl necklace, ribbon and star of the Order of the Garter, and badge of the Order of the Crown of India, letters J.E.B. on truncation. A circumscription divided by the crown is 'Victoria, by the Grace of God, Queen of the British Isles, Defender of the Faith'. The reverse depicts Britannia to the right seated on rock against a seascape in flowing robes, wearing a Corinthian helmet pushed back to reveal her face, right hand resting on a Union shield behind, left hand holding a trident, right leg extended, man-of-war with sails set to right, lighthouse on a rock to left, circumscribed by the denomination divided by the design, date in exergue.



1887 dated bronze pattern penny, portrait by Joseph Edgar Boehm, reverse by LC Wyon.
Obverse inscription is VICTORIA D G / BRITT REG F D, colon stops.
Reverse inscription is ONE / PENNY.

Deeman

Veiled Head Pattern Penny

The obverse depicts the 'veiled head' crowned portrait left with pearl necklace and pendant, Star of the Garter on mantle partially covered by veil, within a circumscription of 'Victoria, by the Grace of God, Queen of the British Isles, Defender of the Faith, Empress of India'. In the field below the bust 'T.B.' in tiny letters for Sir Thomas Brock. The reverse depicts Britannia to the right seated on rock against a seascape in flowing robes, armoured breast plates, wearing a Corinthian helmet pushed back to reveal her face, right hand resting on a Union shield behind, left hand holding a trident, right leg extended, sailing ship in background to right (no lighthouse at left), circumscribed by the denomination divided by the design, date in exergue.



1894 dated bronze pattern penny.
Obverse inscription is VICTORIA DEI GRA BRITT REGINA FID DEF / IND IMP, pellet stops.
Reverse inscription is ONE / PENNY, pellet stop.

Deeman

Veiled Head Pattern Farthings

The obverse depicts the 'veiled head' crowned portrait left with pearl necklace and pendant, Star of the Garter on mantle partially covered by veil, within a circumscription fully surrounding the head of 'Victoria, by the Grace of God, Queen of the British Isles, Defender of the Faith, Empress of India'. The reverse depicts Britannia seated on rock against a seascape in flowing robes, wearing a Corinthian helmet pushed back to reveal her face, right hand resting on a Union shield behind, left hand holding a trident, right leg extended, circumscribed by the denomination divided by Britannia, date in exergue.



1896 dated bronze pattern farthing, small head.
Obverse inscription is VICTORIA DEI GRA BRITT REGINA FID DEF IND IMP, pellet stops, 'T.B.' (Thomas Brock) below bust.
Reverse inscription is FAR / TH / ING.





1896 dated bronze pattern farthing, small head, 'V.R.' below bust.