English Coinage of the Stuarts Post-Commonwealth

Started by Deeman, December 14, 2022, 03:07:54 PM

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Deeman

Shilling

The shilling was 25mm diameter. Struck 1707-08 second bust, 1707-08 second bust Edinburgh die, 1707-11 third bust, 1707-09 third bust Edinburgh die and 1710-14 fourth bust.

The obverse depicts a draped bust of the queen left with a circumscription, divided by the head, of 'Anne, by the Grace of God'. The reverse depicts the crowned cruciform arrangement of the Arms of Union, France, Union again and Ireland clockwise, Garter star at centre, date flanking crown above top Union shield, with a circumscription, divided by crowns and continuing the queen's titles, translating to 'Great Britain, France and Ireland, Queen'.





1707 dated shilling, second bust, Edinburgh Mint. Also struck 1708.
Obverse inscription is ANNA DEI / GRATIA, pellet stops, 'E' below bust.
Reverse inscription is MAG / BRI FR / ET HIB / REG, pellet stops.





1707 dated shilling, third bust, Edinburgh Mint. Also struck 1708.
Obverse inscription is ANNA DEI / GRATIA, pellet stops, 'E' below bust.
Reverse inscription is MAG / BRI FR / ET HIB / REG, pellet stops.





1707 dated shilling, third bust. Also struck 1708, 09 and 11.
Obverse inscription is ANNA DEI / GRATIA, pellet stops.
Reverse inscription is MAG / BRI FR / ET HIB / REG, pellet stops.





1707 dated shilling, third bust. Also struck 1708.
Obverse inscription is ANNA DEI / GRATIA, pellet stops.
Reverse inscription is MAG / BRI FR / ET HIB / REG, pellet stops, plumes in angles.





1708 dated shilling, second bust, Edinburgh Mint. Also struck 1707.
Obverse inscription is ANNA DEI / GRATIA, pellet stops, 'E*' below bust.
Reverse inscription is MAG / BRI FR / ET HIB / REG, pellet stops.





1708 dated shilling, second bust, Edinburgh die. Also struck 1707.
Obverse inscription is ANNA DEI / GRATIA, pellet stops, 'E*' below bust.
Reverse inscription is MAG / BRI FR / ET HIB / REG, pellet stops.





1708 dated shilling, second bust.
Obverse inscription is ANNA DEI / GRATIA, pellet stops.
Reverse inscription is MAG / BRI FR / ET HIB / REG, pellet stops, roses and plumes in angles.





1708 dated shilling, third bust. Also struck 1710.
Obverse inscription is ANNA DEI / GRATIA, pellet stops.
Reverse inscription is MAG / BRI FR / ET HIB / REG, pellet stops, roses and plumes in angles.





1709 dated shilling, third bust, Edinburgh die.
Obverse inscription is ANNA DEI / GRATIA, pellet stops, 'E' below bust.
Reverse inscription is MAG / BRI FR / ET HIB / REG, pellet stops.





1709 dated shilling, third bust, Edinburgh die. Also struck 1707 and 08.
Obverse inscription is ANNA DEI / GRATIA, pellet stops, 'E�' below bust.
Reverse inscription is MAG / BRI FR / ET HIB / REG, pellet stops.





1711 dated shilling, fourth bust.
Obverse inscription is ANNA DEI / GRATIA, pellet stops.
Reverse inscription is MAG / BRI FR / ET HIB / REG, pellet stops.





1712 dated shilling, fourth bust. Also struck 1710, 13 and 14.
Obverse inscription is ANNA DEI / GRATIA, pellet stops.
Reverse inscription is MAG / BRI FR / ET HIB / REG, pellet stops, roses and plumes in angles.

Deeman

Sixpence

The sixpence was 21mm diameter. Struck 1707, 08, 10 and 11 and 1708 Edinburgh bust.

The obverse depicts a draped bust of the queen left with a circumscription, divided by the head, of 'Anne, by the Grace of God'. The reverse depicts the crowned cruciform arrangement of the Arms of Union, France, Union again and Ireland clockwise, Garter star at centre, date flanking crown above top Union shield, with a circumscription, divided by crowns and continuing the queen's titles, translating to 'Great Britain, France and Ireland, Queen'.





1707 dated sixpence. Also struck 1708 and 11.
Obverse inscription is ANNA DEI / GRATIA, pellet stops.
Reverse inscription is MAG / BRI FR / ET HIB / REG, pellet stops.





1707 dated sixpence, Edinburgh Mint. Also struck 1708.
Obverse inscription is ANNA DEI / GRATIA, no stops, 'E' below bust.
Reverse inscription is MAG / BRI FR / ET HIB / REG, no stops.





Obverse inscription is ANNA DEI / GRATIA, pellet stops, 'E*' below bust.
Reverse inscription is MAG / BRI FR / ET HIB / REG, pellet stops.





1708 dated sixpence, Edinburgh bust.
Obverse inscription is ANNA DEI / GRATIA, pellet stops, 'E*' below bust.
Reverse inscription is MAG / BRI FR / ET HIB / REG, pellet stops.





1708 dated sixpence. Also struck 1707.
Obverse inscription is ANNA DEI / GRATIA, pellet stops.
Reverse inscription is MAG / BRI FR / ET HIB / REG, pellet stops, plumes in angles.





1710 dated sixpence.
Obverse inscription is ANNA DEI / GRATIA, pellet stops.
Reverse inscription is MAG / BRI FR / ET HIB / REG, pellet stops, roses and plumes in angles.





1711 dated sixpence.
Obverse inscription is ANNA DEI / GRATIA, pellet stops.
Reverse inscription is MAG / BRI FR / ET HIB / REG, pellet stops, normal and large lis images.

Deeman

Small silver issues

The denominations of fourpence, threepence, twopence and penny were struck for currency as well as for Maundy money. Fourpence 19mm dia; threepence 17mm dia; twopence 14mm dia; penny 12mm dia. Fourpence struck 1703-04 first bust, 1705-06, 08-10 and 13 second bust. Threepence struck 1703 first bust, 1704-05 second bust, 1707-10 and 13 third bust. Twopence struck 1703-07 first bust, 1708-10 and 13 second bust. Penny struck 1703, 05-06, 08-10 and 13 (only one bust type).

The obverse depicts a draped bust left with a circumscription, divided by the head, of 'Anne III, by the Grace of God'. The reverse depicts a crowned mark of value in Arabic numerals, date above or divided by the crown, with a circumscription continuing the queen's titles, translating to 'Great Britain, France and Ireland, Queen'.



1709 dated Maundy and currency set.
Obverse inscription is ANNA DEI / GRATIA, pellet stops.
Reverse inscription is MAG / BRI FR / ET HIB / REG, pellet stops.

Fourpence with second bust (larger face), curls at back of head point upwards.
Threepence with third bust, larger and more finely engraved.
Twopence with second bust, large crown, large '2'.



Small silver design varieties out with 1709 set



1703 dated fourpence, first bust, small race, curls at back of head point downwards, date divided by crown.





1710 dated fourpence, second bust, large crown with pearls on arch, large serif on '4'.





1713 dated fourpence, second bust, re-engraved hair, large crown with pearls on arch, large serif on '4'.





1703 dated threepence, first bust, broader, tie riband points outwards.





1704 dated threepence, second bust, tall and narrow, tie riband points inwards.





1706 dated twopence, first bust, small crown, small '2'.

Deeman

Patterns

Guinea

The obverse depicts a bare bust of the queen left, lock of hair across truncation, with a circumscription, divided by the head, of 'Anne, by the Grace of God'. The reverse depicts the crowned cruciform arrangement of the Arms of England, Scotland, France and Ireland, emblem-adorned sceptres (orb, thistle, lis, harp) in angles to right of their respective shields, central 'AR' monogram, date flanking crown above English shield, with a circumscription, divided by crowns and continuing the queen's titles, translating to 'Great Britain, France and Ireland, Queen'.



1702 dated pattern gold guinea.
Obverse inscription is ANNA DEI / GRATIA, pellet stops.
Reverse inscription is MAG / BR FRA / ET HIB / REG, pellet stops, ornamental sceptres.

Deeman

Halfpenny

Double obverse trial halfpenny. Draped bust left, fillet of pearls twisted in the hair and falling behind, with a circumscription, divided by the head, of 'Anne, by the Grace of God'.



Double obverse trial pure copper halfpenny. The tin impurities in copper which serve to strengthen it were overlooked and the weaker pure copper rendered experimental planchets unsuitable for hammering.



Double obverse trial copper halfpenny.



The obverse depicts a draped bust left with a circumscription, divided by the head, of 'Anne, by the Grace of God, Great Britain, France and Ireland, Queen'. The reverse depicts Britannia facing left, crown above, draped, seated on a globe with ornamented shield behind, right hand extended out holding either an olive branch or a rose and thistle with leaves on a single stem, left hand holding spear, right leg extended, without circumscription.



Undated pattern halfpenny struck in copper and silver.
Obverse inscription is ANNA D G MAG BR / FR ET HIB REG, pellet stops.
Britannia with olive branch.



Undated pattern copper halfpenny.
Obverse inscription is ANNA D G MAG BR / FR ET HIB REG, pellet stops.
Britannia with rose and thistle with leaves on a single stem.



Double reverse copper halfpenny without inscriptions. One side depicting Britannia facing left, crown above, draped, seated on a globe with ornamented shield behind, right hand extended out holding either an olive branch or a rose and thistle with leaves on a single stem, left hand holding spear, right leg extended. The other side has a rose and thistle with leaves on a single stem.



Undated pattern mule double reverse copper halfpenny, Britannia and rose & thistle.



The obverse depicts a draped bust left with a circumscription, divided by the head, of 'Anne, by the Grace of God, Great Britain, France and Ireland, Queen'. The reverse depicts a rose and thistle with leaves on a single stem, crown above, without circumscription.



Undated pattern copper halfpenny.
Obverse inscription is ANNA D G MAG BR / FR ET HIB REG, pellet stops.
Crowned rose and thistle.



The obverse depicts a draped bust left with a circumscription, divided by the head, of 'Anne, by the Grace of God, Great Britain, France and Ireland, Queen'. The reverse depicts a rose and thistle with leaves on a single stem, without circumscription.



Undated pattern halfpenny struck in copper and silver.
Obverse inscription is ANNA D G MAG BR / FR ET HIB REG, pellet stops.
Rose and thistle.

Deeman

Farthing

The obverse depicts a draped bust left, fillet of pearls twisted in the hair and falling behind, with a circumscription, divided by the head, of 'Anne, by the Grace of God'. The reverse depicts Britannia facing left seated on a globe with ornamented shield behind, draped with bare bosom, right hand raised holding an olive branch, left hand holding spear, right leg bare and extended, circumscribed by BRITANNIA followed by the date.



1713 dated pattern copper farthing.
Obverse inscription is ANNA DEI / GRATIA, pellet stops.
Reverse inscription is BRITANNIA 1713, pellet stops, raised inner circle.



1713 dated pattern copper farthing.
Obverse inscription is ANNA DEI / GRATIA, pellet stops, raised inner circle.
Reverse inscription is BRITANNIA 1713, pellet stops, raised inner circle ornamented with square teeth.



1713 dated pattern silver farthing.
Obverse inscription is ANNA DEI / GRATIA, pellet stops, raised inner circle.
Reverse inscription is BRITANNIA 1713, pellet stops, broad rim, raised inner circle.



The obverse depicts a draped bust left, fillet of pearls twisted in the hair and falling behind, with a circumscription, divided by the head, of 'Anne, by the Grace of God'. The reverse depicts Britannia facing left seated in a portico with ornamented shield behind, draped with bare bosom, right hand raised holding an olive branch, left hand holding spear, right leg bare and extended, circumscribed by BRITANNIA divided by the design, date in exergue.



1713 dated pattern farthing, Britannia seated in portico, struck in copper, silver and tin.
Obverse inscription is ANNA DEI / GRATIA, pellet stops, broad rim, raised inner circle.
Reverse inscription is BRITAN / NIA, broad rim, raised inner circle.



The obverse depicts a draped bust left, fillet of pearls twisted in the hair and falling behind, with a circumscription, divided by the head, of 'Anne, the august one'. The reverse is a depiction of 'Peace' as a charioteer standing in a two-horsed chariot or biga driving at a gallop to right holding an olive branch in her right hand and the reins and spear in her left, with a circumscription translating to 'Peace sent throughout the world', date in exergue.

The design was adopted to commemorate the Peace of Utrecht.



1713 dated pattern farthing, 'Peace' charioteer, struck in copper, silver and tin.
Obverse inscription is ANNA AVGVSTA.
Reverse inscription is PAX MISSA PER ORBEM, pellet stops.



1713 dated pattern copper farthing, 'Peace' charioteer.
Obverse inscription is ANNA AVGVSTA, steel band around edge.
Reverse inscription is PAX MISSA PER ORBEM, pellet stops, steel band around edge.



The obverse depicts a draped bust left, within a broad raised border with an incuse circumscription of 'Anne, by the Grace of God', ornamental scrolls below. The reverse depicts a helmeted Britannia standing facing, fully draped, right hand extended out holding an olive branch, left hand holding spear with its base resting on the exergue, date below, within a broad raised border with an incuse circumscription translating to 'War and peace'.



1713 dated pattern copper farthing, 22mm diameter. Extremely rare.
Obverse inscription is ANNA DEI GRATIA.
Reverse inscription is BELLO ET PACE.

Possibly a jetton to commemorate the Peace of Utrecht treaty.



The obverse depicts a draped bust left, fillet of pearls twisted in the hair and falling behind, with a circumscription, divided by the head, of either 'Anne, queen' or 'Anne, by the Grace of God'. The reverse depicts Britannia facing left seated on a globe with ornamented shield behind, fully draped with bosom and leg not bare, right hand extended out holding an olive branch but not raised as on previous patterns, left hand holding spear, left leg extended, circumscribed by BRITANNIA divided by the design, date in exergue.



1714 dated pattern farthing struck in copper and brass.
Obverse inscription is ANNA / REGINA.
Reverse inscription is BRITAN / NIA, pellet stop.



1714 dated pattern farthing struck in copper and silver.
Obverse inscription is ANNA DEI / GRATIA.
Reverse inscription is BRITAN / NIA, pellet stop.

This version of the copper farthing possibly saw a limited circulation.