Coinage of independent Guyana

Started by <k>, June 07, 2022, 01:14:17 AM

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<k>

Map of Guyana.jpg

Map of Guyana.

From Wikipedia:

Guyana, officially the Co‑operative Republic of Guyana, is a country on the northern mainland of South America. Guyana means "Land of Many Waters". The capital city is Georgetown. Guyana is bordered by the Atlantic Ocean to the north, Brazil to the south and southwest, Venezuela to the west, and Suriname to the east. With 215,000 square kilometres (83,000 sq miles), Guyana is the third-smallest sovereign state by area in mainland South America after Uruguay and Suriname, and is the second-least populous sovereign state in South America after Suriname. It is also one of the least densely populated countries on Earth. It has a wide variety of natural habitats and very high biodiversity.

The region known as "the Guianas" consists of the large shield landmass north of the Amazon River and east of the Orinoco River known as the "land of many waters". There are nine indigenous tribes residing in Guyana, but historically it was dominated by the Lokono and Kalina tribes. The Dutch territories of Essequibo, Demerara, and Berbice on the north coast of South America were created in the early 17th century, but they came under the control of the British during the Napoleonic wars. These territories were formally ceded to the United Kingdom in 1815. In 1831 the united colonies of Demerara-Essequibo and the separate colony of Berbice together became a single British colony known as British Guiana. It was governed with a mostly plantation-style economy until the 1950s.

Guyana gained independence in 1966 and officially became a republic within the Commonwealth of Nations in 1970. The legacy of British rule is reflected in the country's political administration and diverse population, which includes Indian, African, Amerindian, Chinese, Portuguese, other European, and various multiracial groups. In 2017, 41% of the population of Guyana lived below the poverty line.

Guyana is the only South American nation in which English is the official language. However, the majority of the population speak Guyanese Creole, an English-based creole language, as a first language. Guyana is part of the Anglophone Caribbean. It is part of the mainland Caribbean region maintaining strong cultural, historical, and political ties with other Caribbean countries as well as serving as the headquarters for the Caribbean Community (CARICOM). In 2008, the country joined the Union of South American Nations as a founding member.
Visit the website of The Royal Mint Museum.

See: The Royal Mint Museum.

<k>

Coat of arms of Guyana.jpg

The coat of arms of the Co-operative Republic of Guyana was granted by the College of Arms on 25 February 1966. It includes a crest of an Amerindian head-dress, which symbolises the indigenous people of the country. This crest is also called the Cacique's Crown. Two diamonds at the sides of the head-dress represent the mining industry. A helmet recalls the country's colonial history. Two jaguars as supporters hold a pick axe, a sugar cane, and a stalk of rice, which symbolise Guyana's mining, sugar and rice industries. The shield is decorated with the Victoria amazonica lily, which is Guyana's national flower, and three blue wavy lines, which represent the three main rivers of Guyana, and also the national bird, the Canje Pheasant (Opisthocomus hoazin). The national motto, "One people, One Nation, One Destiny", appears on the scroll below the shield.
Visit the website of The Royal Mint Museum.

See: The Royal Mint Museum.

<k>

Flag of Guyana.png

The flag of Guyana, known as The Golden Arrowhead, has been the national flag of Guyana since May 1966 when the country became independent from the United Kingdom. The colours are symbolic, with red for zeal and dynamism, gold for mineral wealth, green for agriculture and forests, black for endurance, and white for rivers and water.
Visit the website of The Royal Mint Museum.

See: The Royal Mint Museum.

<k>

#3
George Town, Guyana.jpg

Georgetown, capital of Guyana.

The currency of Guyana is the Guyanese dollar, which is divided into 100 cents. Guyana introduced its first national coinage after independence in 1967. Coins were introduced in denominations of 1, 5, 10, 25 and 50 cents.
Visit the website of The Royal Mint Museum.

See: The Royal Mint Museum.

<k>

#4
Guyana 1c 1977.jpg

The 1 cent coin was made of nickel-brass, weighed 1.5 grams and had a diameter of 16 mm.

Like all the coins of the series, it carried the words "BANK OF GUYANA" on the obverse.


The obverse design included a depiction of two small hoatzin birds in the outer circle.

The hoatzin is the national bird of Guyana.

The numerals of the year were not shown horizontally but curved to follow the circle of the coin.
Visit the website of The Royal Mint Museum.

See: The Royal Mint Museum.

<k>

Guyana 1c 1977-.jpg

Unusually, the design on the reverse of the 1 cent coin included no text.

It featured stylised representations of the Victoria amazonica lily, Guyana's national flower.

All the coin designs of the series, obverse and reverse, were the work of the English numismatic artist, William Gardner.
Visit the website of The Royal Mint Museum.

See: The Royal Mint Museum.

<k>

Guyana-5c-1991.jpg

The 5 cent coin was made of nickel-brass, weighed 2.5 grams and had a diameter of 19.5 mm.

The obverse design was similar to that of the 1 cent coin.

It had the same reverse design as the 1 cent coin.
Visit the website of The Royal Mint Museum.

See: The Royal Mint Museum.

<k>

Visit the website of The Royal Mint Museum.

See: The Royal Mint Museum.

<k>

#8
Victoria amazonica lily.jpg

The giant Victoria amazonica lily, Guyana's national flower.
Visit the website of The Royal Mint Museum.

See: The Royal Mint Museum.

<k>

Guyana 10c 1991.jpg

The 10 cents coin was made of copper-nickel, weighed 2.7 grams and had a diameter of 18 mm.

The obverse design was similar to that of the 1 and 5 cents coins.
Visit the website of The Royal Mint Museum.

See: The Royal Mint Museum.

<k>

Guyana 25c.jpg

The reverse designs of the copper-nickel 10, 25 and 50 cents coins featured the national coat of arms.
Visit the website of The Royal Mint Museum.

See: The Royal Mint Museum.

<k>

#11
Guyana-25c-.jpg

The 25 cents coin was made of copper-nickel, weighed 4.25 grams and had a diameter of 21.85 mm.

The obverse design was similar to that of the other coins.
Visit the website of The Royal Mint Museum.

See: The Royal Mint Museum.

<k>

Guyana 50 cents 1967.jpg

The 50 cents coin of the series was issued in 1967 only.

Often the population prefers to use two 25 cents coins rather than a 50 cents coin.


The coin was the highest denomination of the series.

It was made of copper-nickel, weighed 7.6 grams and had a diameter of 25.9 mm.

The obverse design was similar to that of the other coins.
Visit the website of The Royal Mint Museum.

See: The Royal Mint Museum.

<k>

Guyana $1 2008.jpg

High inflation caused 1, 5 and 10 dollars coins to be issued in 2008.

The 1 dollar coin was made of copper-plated steel, weighed 2.4 grams and had a diameter of 17 mm.


The obverse of the coin showed the coat of arms.

This time the coat of arms was accompanied by the year and the country name.
Visit the website of The Royal Mint Museum.

See: The Royal Mint Museum.

<k>



The reverse of the 1 dollar coin featured a hand holding rice.
Visit the website of The Royal Mint Museum.

See: The Royal Mint Museum.