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English Coinage of the Tudors

Started by Deeman, May 12, 2022, 10:50:15 AM

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Deeman

Henry VIII second coinage angel

The angel had a value of 7/4, revalued in 1526 to 7/6, at a weight of 80 grains, 0.167oz troy at 0.995 fine, with a diameter of 28mm. The design is identical to the first coinage issue apart from the initial marks.

The obverse of the angel depicts archangel St. Michael, haloed and winged, standing with both feet on the dragon and piercing it through the mouth with a spear, the other end of which ends in a cross-crosslet which normally marks the termination of the circumscription which translates to 'Henry VIII by the Grace of God, king of England and France.' The reverse design is an English galley with two ropes to the mast from the stern, one from the prow and with 'h' and a rose set below the main topmast, the ship surmounted by square-topped shield bearing the King's arms, all within a circumscription of PER CRUCEM TUAM SALVA NOS CHRISTE REDEMPTOR or abbreviation thereof translating to 'By Thy cross save us, O Christ Redeemer'.





1526-44 angel, London, lis initial mark both sides.
Obverse inscription is hЄnRIC VIII D' G' R' AGL' z FRAnC, saltire stops.
Reverse inscription is PЄR CRVCЄ TVA' SALVA nOS XPC' RЄDЄ', saltire stops.

Deeman

Henry VIII second coinage half-angel

The half-angel had a value of 3/8, revalued in 1526 to 3/9, at a weight of 40 grains, 0.0833oz troy at 0.995 fine. The obverse and reverse designs are the same as those of the angel and, apart for St. Michael having larger wings, are identical to the half-angel issue of the first coinage. The second coinage only has the lis initial mark, which is not used on the first coinage. The obverse inscription differs from the first coinage in that it includes the king's French title, translating to 'Henry VIII by the Grace of God, king of England and France.'





1526-44 half-angel, London, lis initial mark both sides.
Obverse inscription is hЄnRIC VIII D' G' RЄX AGL' z FR', saltire stops.
Reverse inscription is O CRVX AVE SPЄS VnICA, saltire stops.

Deeman

Henry VIII second coinage George-noble and half-George-noble

The George-noble was valued at 6/8 at a weight of 71.11grains, 0.148oz troy at 0.995 fine. The obverse design is an English galley with two ropes to the mast from the stern, one from the prow and with 'h-K' (for Henry VIII and Katherine of Aragon) set below the main topmast, the ship surmounted by the Tudor rose, all within a circumscription, commencing with an initial mark, translating to 'Henry by the Grace of God, king of England and France, Lord of Ireland.' The reverse design depicts St. George in armour on horseback piercing the dragon through the mouth with a very long spear, the butt end of which marks the end of the circumscription, which is infringed by the horse's hind feet, and reads TALI DICATA SIGNO MENS FLUCTUARI NESCIT or abbreviations thereof, translating to 'Consecrated by such a sign the mind cannot waver.' It is taken from a hymn by Prudentius, entitled 'Hymnus ante somnum,' in which we are recommended to make the sign of the cross upon our forehead and our heart when we go to bed.





1526-33 George-noble, London, rose initial mark both sides.
Obverse inscription is hЄnRIC' DI' GRA' RЄX AGL' z FRAnC' DnS hIBЄRnI, saltire stops.
Reverse inscription is TALI DICA' SIGO mЄS' FLVCTVARI NЄQVIT, saltire stops.



The George-noble was redesigned following Henry's divorce to Katherine of Aragon (no image). The obverse depicts a more modern ship with three masts and is without the 'h-K' initials, whilst the reverse shows St. George brandishing a sword behind his head.

The half-George-noble (no image) was a smaller version of the George-noble shown above with inscriptions hЄnRIC' D' G' R' AGL' z FRA' DnS hyBЄ, and TALI DICA' SIG' mЄS' FLVCTVARI NЄQT.


Deeman

Henry VIII second coinage 'crown of the rose'

The 'crown of the rose' coin was valued at 4/6 at a weight of 54 grains, 0.1125oz troy at 0.958 fine (23ct). It matched the nominal value of the French écu au soliel which were permitted to circulate in England in this time of need. Its value was inconvenient for calculation and, after 4 months, was replaced by another crown called the 'crown of the double-rose,' at 5/-. Due to its very short circulation, very few specimens are known.

The obverse depicts a crowned shield with the arms of England and France within a circumscription, commencing with an initial mark, translating to 'Henry the Eighth, by the Grace of God, king of England and France. The reverse depicts a large rose surmounting a floriated cross with lis at end of each limb. In opposing angles of the cross there are two lions passant guardant and two crowned letters 'h'. All within a circumscription of two varieties: HENRIC RUTILANS ROSA SINE SPINA meaning 'Henry, a dazzling rose without a thorn' and DNS HIB RUTILANS ROSA SINE SPINA meaning 'Lord of Ireland, a dazzling rose without a thorn.'





1526 crown of the rose, London, rose initial mark both sides.
Obverse inscription is hЄnRIC 8 DЄI GRA RЄX AGL' z FRAC', saltire stops.
Reverse inscription is DNS HIb RVTILANS ROSA SINE SPINA, saltire stops.

Deeman

Henry VIII second coinage 'crown of the double-rose'

The 'crown of the double-rose' coin was valued at 5/- at a weight of 57.37 grains, 0.12oz troy at 0.917 fine (22ct), 26mm diameter. This was the first gold coin to be minted at 22ct fineness and proved to be more popular than its predecessor and was struck until Henry's death in 1547, although it continued to be minted until 1551 during the reign of Edward VI as 'posthumous' coinage.

The obverse depicts a crowned Tudor rose flanked by the crowned letters 'h-K' (Katherine of Aragon initially, later Katherine Howard), 'h-A' (Anne Boleyn), 'h-I' (Jane Seymour) or 'h-R' (rex) within a circumscription of Henry VIII RUTILANS ROSA SINE SPINA or abbreviations thereof meaning 'Henry VIII, a dazzling rose without a thorn.' The reverse depicts a crowned shield with the arms of England and France with the field either blank or having the same crowned letters as the obverse options but not necessarily a matching pair. A circumscription translates to 'By the Grace of God, King of England, France, Lord of Ireland.'
Where the letters 'h-K' appear on both obverse and reverse, then that refers to Katherine of Aragon but, where 'h-K' appears on only one side with different letters on the other, then that refers to Katherine Howard.





1526-33 crown of the double-rose, London, rose initial mark both sides.
Obverse inscription is hЄnRIC VIII RVTI'AnS ROSA SInЄ SPIA', saltire stops, crowned 'h-K' in field.
Reverse inscription is DEI G' R' AGLIE' FRANC' DNS hIBERNIE, saltire stops.





1526-33 crown of the double-rose, London, lis initial mark both sides.
Obverse inscription is hЄnRIC VIII RVTILAnS ROSA SIЄ' SPIA', saltire stops, crowned 'h-K' in field.
Reverse inscription is DЄI G' R' AGLIЄ' FRAnC' DnS hIBЄRnIЄ, saltire stops, crowned 'h-K' in field.





1526-33 crown of the double-rose, London, arrow initial mark both sides.
Obverse inscription is hЄnRIC VIII RVTILAnS ROSA SInЄ SPIA', saltire stops, crowned 'h-K' in field.
Reverse inscription is DЄI G' R' AGLIЄ' FRAnC' DnS hIBЄRnIЄ, saltire stops, crowned 'h-K' in field.





1536-37 crown of the double-rose, London, arrow initial mark both sides.
Obverse inscription is hЄnRIC VIII RVTILAnS ROSA SIЄ' SPInA', saltire stops, crowned 'h-I' in field.
Reverse inscription is DЄI G' R' AGLIЄ' FRAnC' DnS hIBЄRnIЄ, saltire stops, crowned 'h-I' in field.

Deeman

Henry VIII second coinage halfcrown

The halfcrown was valued at 2/6 at a weight of 28 grains, 0.0583oz troy at 0.917 fine (22ct), 21mm diameter. It is similar to the crown of the double rose, but circumscriptions are transposed and the king's name is now on the reverse.

The obverse depicts a crowned Tudor rose flanked by the same uncrowned letters as the obverse and always matching. A circumscription of RUTILANS ROSA SINE SPINA or abbreviations thereof translates to 'A dazzling rose without a thorn.' The reverse depicts a crowned shield with the arms of England and France with the field either blank or having the uncrowned letters 'h-K' (Katherine of Aragon), 'h-I' (Jane Seymour) or 'h-R' (rex). The circumscription translates to 'Henry 8, by the Grace of God, King of England and France.'





1526-33 halfcrown, London, rose initial mark both sides.
Obverse inscription is RVTILAnS ROSA SInЄ SPInA', saltire stops, 'h-K' in field.
Reverse inscription is hЄnRIC 8 DI' G' R' AGL' z FRA', saltire stops.





1526-33 halfcrown, London, lis initial mark both sides, lis overstamped on rose on obverse.
Obverse inscription is RVTILAnS ROSA SInЄ SPInA', saltire stops, 'h-K' in field.
Reverse inscription is hЄnRIC 8 DI' G' R' AGL' z FRA', saltire stops, 'h-K' in field.





1536-37 halfcrown, London, arrow initial mark both sides.
Obverse inscription is RVTILAnS ROSA SInЄ SPInA', saltire stops, 'h-I' in field.
Reverse inscription is hЄnRIC 8 DI' G' R' AGL' z FRAnC, saltire stops, 'h-I' in field.

Deeman

Henry VIII second coinage groat

The groat had a reduced weight during the second coinage of 42.67 grains, 0.0889oz troy at 0.925 fine, 24mm diameter. These groats feature three types of bust of Henry VIII. The obverse depicts a profile crowned bust facing right, the crown having a single jewelled arch, within a circumscription commencing with an initial mark which translates to 'Henry VIII, by the Grace of God, king of England and France.' The reverse design is a long cross fourchée surmounted by a square-topped shield bearing the King's arms. There are two reverse inscriptions commencing with an initial mark, divided across the quadrants of the cross. London issues have POSUI DEUM ADJUTOREM MEUM or abbreviation thereof which translates to 'I have made God my helper' from Psalms 54.4, whilst York issues have CIVITAS EBORACI (City of York).

Issues from 1542 included Ireland in Henry's titles and the inscription translates to 'Henry 8, by the Grace of God, England, France and Ireland, king.'





1526-44 groat, London, rose initial mark both sides.
Obverse inscription is hENRIC VIII DI' GRA REX AGL' z FRA', saltire stops, first bust.
Reverse inscription is POSVI / DEV' A / DITOR / E' mEV, saltire stops, rose in cross-ends. (Very rare.)





1526-44 groat, London, rose initial mark both sides.
Obverse inscription is hЄNRIC VIII DI' G' R' AGL' z FRAnCЄ, saltire stops, second bust (smaller face, Greek profile).
Reverse inscription is POSVI / DЄV' A / DIVTO / Є' mЄV, saltire stops, saltire in cross-ends.





1526-44 groat, London, rose initial mark both sides.
Obverse inscription is hЄNRIC VIII D' G' R' AGL' z FRAnCЄ, saltire stops, third bust (Roman nose).
Reverse inscription is POSVI / DЄV' A / DIVTO / Є' mЄV, saltire stops, saltire in cross-ends.





1526-44 groat, London, sunburst initial mark both sides.
Obverse inscription is hЄNRIC VIII D' G' R' AGL' z FRA', saltire stops, third bust (Roman nose).
Reverse inscription is POSVI / DЄV' A / DIVTOR / Є' mЄV, saltire stops, saltire in cross-ends.





1526-44 groat, London, arrow initial mark both sides.
Obverse inscription is hЄNRIC VIII D' G' R' AGLIЄ' z FRAnC', saltire stops, third bust (Roman nose).
Reverse inscription is POSVI / DЄV' A / DIVTOR / Є' mЄV, saltire stops, saltire in cross-ends.





1526-30 groat, York, voided cross initial mark both sides.
Obverse inscription is hЄNRIC VIII D' G' R' AGL' z FRA', saltire stops, third bust. Archbishop Thomas Wolsey 1514-30.
Reverse inscription is CIVI / TAS / ЄBO / RACI, saltire in cross-ends, 'T-W' flanking shield, cardinal's hat below.





1542-44 groat, London, pheon initial mark both sides, Irish title. (Very rare.)
Obverse inscription is hЄNRIC 8 D' G' AGL' FRA' hIB RЄX, saltire stops, third bust (Roman nose).
Reverse inscription is POSVI / DЄV' A / DIVTOR / Є' mЄV, saltire stops, saltire in cross-ends.





1542-44 mule groat, London, pheon initial mark on obverse, lis on reverse, Irish title. (Very rare.)
Obverse inscription is hЄNRIC 8 D' G' AGL' FRA' z hIB RЄX, saltire stops, third bust (Roman nose).
Reverse inscription is POSVI / DЄV' A / DIVTOR / Є' mЄV, saltire stops, saltire in cross-ends.

Deeman

Henry VIII second coinage half-groat

The half-groat had a reduced weight during the second coinage of 21.335 grains, 0.0445oz troy at 0.925 fine, 19mm diameter. The obverse depicts a profile crowned bust facing right, the crown having a single jewelled arch, within a circumscription commencing with an initial mark which translates to 'Henry VIII, by the Grace of God, king of England and France.' The reverse design is a long cross fourchée surmounted by a square-topped shield bearing the King's arms. There are two reverse inscriptions normally commencing with an initial mark, divided across the quadrants of the cross. London issues have POSUI DEUM ADJUTOREM MEUM or abbreviation thereof which translates to 'I have made God my helper' from Psalms 54.4, whilst Canterbury and York issues identify the mint.

Issues from 1542 included Ireland in Henry's titles and the inscription translates to 'Henry 8, by the Grace of God, England, France and Ireland, king.'





1526-44 half-groat, London, rose initial mark on obverse.
Obverse inscription is hENRIC VIII DI' G' R' AGL' z FRA', saltire stops.
Reverse inscription is POSVI / DЄV' A / DIVTO' / Є' mЄV.





1526-30 half-groat, York, voided cross initial mark both sides. Archbishop Thomas Wolsey 1514-30.
Obverse inscription is hENRIC VIII D' G' R' AGL' z F', saltire stops.
Reverse inscription is CIVI / TAS / ЄBO / RACI, 'T-W' flanking shield.





1526-32 half-groat, Canterbury, cross patonce initial mark both sides. Archbishop William Warham 1503-32.
Obverse inscription is hENRIC VIII D' G' R' AGL' z FRA', saltire stops.
Reverse inscription is CIVI / TAS / CAn / TOR, 'W-A' flanking shield.





1526-32 half-groat, Canterbury, Warham's initial mark both sides. Archbishop William Warham 1503-32.
Obverse inscription is hENRIC VIII D' G' R' AGL' z FRA', saltire stops.
Reverse inscription is CIVI / TAS / CAn / TOR, 'W-A' flanking shield.





1533-34 half-groat, Canterbury, catherine wheel initial mark both sides. Canterbury mint closed ca. 1534. Archbishop Thomas Cramner 1533-56.
Obverse inscription is hENRIC VIII D' G' R' AGL' z FR', saltire stops.
Reverse inscription is CIVI / TAS / CAn / TOR, 'T-C' flanking shield.





1542-44 half-groat, London, pheon initial mark both sides, Irish title. (Extremely rare.)
Obverse inscription is hЄNRIC 8 D' G' AGL' z FR' saltire stops.
Reverse inscription is POSVI / DЄV' A / DIVTO / Є' mЄV.

Deeman

Henry VIII second coinage penny

The penny had a weight of 10 grains, 0.0208oz troy at 0.925 fine, 15-16mm diameter. The obverse design depicts the king, crowned, seated facing on a throne, wearing his coronation gown and holding orb and sceptre, within a circumscription, commencing with an initial mark, translating to ''Henry, by the Grace of God, a rose without a thorn.' The reverse design features a quartered shield of the Royal Arms upon a long cross fourchée dividing the coin into four quadrants with a circumscription split across the quadrants identifying the mint.





1526-44 penny, London, arrow initial mark on obverse.
Obverse inscription is h' D' G' ROSA SIЄ' SPIA', saltire stops.
Reverse inscription is CIVI / TAS / LOn / DOn.





1526-29 penny, Durham, star initial mark both sides. Bishop Thomas Wolsey 1523-29.
Obverse inscription is h' D' G' ROSA SIЄ' SPIA', saltire stops.
Reverse inscription is CIVI / TAS / DVR / hAm, mitre below shield, 'T-W' flanking shield.





1526-32 penny, Canterbury, Warham's initial mark on obverse. Archbishop William Warham 1503-32.
Obverse inscription is h' D' G' ROSA SIЄ' SPIA', saltire stops.
Reverse inscription is CIVI / TAS / CAn / TOR, 'W-A' flanking shield.





1530-41 penny, Durham, star initial mark on obverse. Durham mint closed 1541. Bp Cuthbert Tunstall 1530-59.
Obverse inscription is h' D' G' ROSA SIЄ' SPIA', saltire stops.
Reverse inscription is CIVI / TAS / DVR / RAM, saltire stops, 'C-D' flanking shield.





1531-34 penny, York, key initial mark on obverse. York mint closed ca. 1534. Archbishop Edward Lee 1531-44. (Extremely rare.)
Obverse inscription is h' D' G' ROSA SIЄ' SPIA', saltire stops.
Reverse inscription is CIVI / TAS / ЄBO / RACI, 'Є-L' flanking shield.





1533-34 penny, Canterbury, catherine wheel initial mark on obverse. Canterbury mint closed ca. 1534. Archbishop Thomas Cramner 1533-56. (Extremely rare.)
Obverse inscription is h' D' G' ROSA SIЄ' SPIA', saltire stops.
Reverse inscription is CIVI / TAS / CAn / TOR, 'T-C' flanking shield.

Deeman

Henry VIII second coinage halfpenny

The halfpenny had a weight of 5 grains, 0.0104oz troy at 0.925 fine, 11-12mm diameter. The obverse design is a bust facing with a circumscription, commencing with an initial mark, which translates to 'Henry, by the Grace of God, a rose without a thorn'. The reverse design is a long cross fourchée dividing the coin into four quadrants circumscribed by an inscription identifying the mint, split across the quadrants with each inner quadrant having a trio of pellets.





1526-44 halfpenny, London, arrow initial mark.
Obverse inscription is h' D' G' ROSA SIЄ' SPIA', saltire stops.
Reverse inscription is CIVI / TAS / LON / DON.





1526-44 halfpenny, London, lis initial mark.
Obverse inscription is h' D' G' ROSA SIЄ' SPIA', saltire stops.
Reverse inscription is CIVI / TAS / LON / DON.





1526-30 halfpenny, York, acorn initial mark. Archbishop Thomas Wolsey 1514-30.
Obverse inscription is h' D' G' ROSA SIЄ' SPInA', saltire stops, 'T-W' flanking bust.
Reverse inscription is CIVI / TAS / ЄBO / RACI.





1526-32 halfpenny, Canterbury, cross patonce initial mark. Archbishop William Warham 1503-32.
Obverse inscription is h' D' G' ROSA SIЄ' SPInA', saltire stops, 'W-A' flanking bust.
Reverse inscription is CIVI / TAS / CAN / TER.





1531-34 halfpenny, York, key initial mark. Archbishop Edward Lee 1531-44. York mint closed ca. 1534.
Obverse inscription is h' D' G' ROSA SIЄ' SPIA', saltire stops, 'Є-L' flanking bust.
Reverse inscription is CIVI / TAS / ЄBO / RACI.

Deeman

Henry VIII second coinage farthing

The farthing had a weight of 2.5 grains, 0.00521oz troy at 0.925 fine, 9-10mm diameter. The obverse design is a portcullis with a circumscription, commencing with an initial mark, translating to 'A dazzling rose'. There are two reverse designs, both featuring a long cross fourchée dividing the coin into four quadrants with a circumscription split across the quadrants, translating to 'By the Grace of God.' One design has the cross surmounted by a central rose and the other has a single pellet in each quadrant.





1526-44 farthing, London, arrow initial mark. (Extremely rare.)
Obverse inscription is RVTILANS ROSA.
Reverse inscription is DЄO / GRA / CI / AS, rose over cross.





1526-44 farthing, London, lis initial mark. (Extremely rare.)
Obverse inscription is RVTILANS ROSA.
Reverse inscription is DЄO / GRA / CI / AS, pellet in quadrants.





1526-44 farthing, London, sunburst initial mark. (Extremely rare.)
Obverse inscription is RVTILANS ROSA.
Reverse inscription is DЄO / GRA / CI / AS, pellet in quadrants.





1533-34 farthing, Canterbury, catherine wheel initial mark. Canterbury mint closed ca. 1534. (Exceedingly rare.)
Obverse inscription is RVTILANS ROSA.
Reverse inscription is DЄO / GRA / CI / AS, rose over cross.

Deeman

Henry VIII third coinage sovereign

The first issue of the redesigned sovereign for the third coinage in 1544 had a value of 20/-, at a weight of 200 grains, 0.417oz troy at 0.958 fine (23ct). The obverse of the sovereign depicts the king with imperial crown, sporting a beard and wearing a ruff, seated facing on a high-back throne with decorative side pillars and patterned back, wearing his coronation gown and holding orb and sceptre, a Tudor rose at king's feet, tressure of trefoils on inner circle. The circumscription translates to 'Henry 8, by the Grace of God, England, France and Ireland, king'. The letters 'ЄT', Latin for 'and', are used. The reverse design features a crowned quartered shield of the Royal Arms supported by a crowned lion and a dragon with a monogram HR in cartouche below. The circumscription reads JESUS AUTEM TRANSIENS PER MEDIUM ILLORUM IBAT or abbreviation thereof translating to 'But Jesus passing through their midst went His way', Luke 4:30.





1544-45 sovereign, London, lis initial mark both sides.
Obverse inscription is hЄnRIC 8 DI GRA AnGLIЄ / FRAnC ЄT hIBЄ RЄX, saltire stops.
Reverse inscription is IhЄSVS AVTЄM TRAnCIЄnS PЄR MЄDIVM ILLORVM IBAT, saltire stops.



In 1545 the standard of fineness was further debased to 22ct, and the weight lowered to 192 grains, 0.4oz troy at 0.916 fine. In 1546 the metal was still further debased to 20ct, 0.833 fine, the lowest state of degradation for gold ever reached in England. The weight remained at 192 grains. The sovereign underwent a slight reduction in diameter (42 to 40mm) from the 1544-45 issue resulting in the removal of the tressure around the enthroned portrait. The throne and portraiture were subtly changed as well.





1545-47 sovereign, London, small lis initial mark both sides.
Obverse inscription is hЄnRIC 8 DI GRA AnGL' / FRAnCIЄ z hIBЄRn RЄX, slipped trefoil stops.
Reverse inscription is IhS AVTЄM TRAnSIЄnS PЄR MЄDIVM ILLORVM IBAT, slipped trefoil stops.





1545-47 sovereign, Southwark, 'S' initial mark both sides.
Obverse inscription is hEnRIC 8 DI GRA AnGL' / FRAnCIE z hIBERn REX, slipped trefoil stops.
Reverse inscription is IhS AVTEM TRAnSIEnS PER MEDIVM ILLOR IBAT, slipped trefoil stops.



The Henry VIII sovereign of the 1545-47 design was also struck posthumously from 1547-51 during the early years of Edward VI's reign at the London and Bristol mints and are characterised by the use of Roman lettering as against the Lombardic lettering used for Henry's issues.


Deeman

Henry VIII third coinage half-sovereign

The half-sovereign for the third coinage in 1544 had a value of 10/-, at a weight of 100 grains, 0.208oz troy at 0.958 fine (23ct), 32mm diameter. It was a replacement for the ryal. The design of the half-sovereign is the same as the redesigned sovereign of 1545-47 depicting the king seated facing on a high curve-back throne.
Subsequent debasement followed that of the sovereign. In 1545 the standard of fineness was further debased to 22ct, and the weight lowered to 96 grains, 0.2oz troy at 0.916 fine and underwent a slight reduction in diameter (32 to 30mm). In 1546 the metal was still further debased to 20ct, 0.833 fine, the weight remaining at 96 grains.





1544-47 half-sovereign, London, pellet in annulet initial mark both sides.
Obverse inscription is HENRIC 8 DI GRA AGL' / FRNCIE z HIBERNIE REX, saltire stops.
Reverse inscription is IHS AVTEM TRANSIENS PER MEDIVM ILLORVM IBA, saltire stops.





1544-47 half-sovereign, London, pellet in annulet initial mark both sides.
Obverse inscription is hЄnRIC 8 D' G' AGL' / FRAnCIЄ z hIB RЄX, slipped trefoil stops, annulet under 'X'.
Reverse inscription is IHS AVTE' TRANSI' PER MEDI' ILLO' IBAT, slipped trefoil stops, annulet under 'AT'.





1545-47 half-sovereign, Southwark, 'S' initial mark both sides.
Obverse inscription is HENRIC 8 D' G' AGL' / FRANCIE z HIB REX, slipped trefoil stops.
Reverse inscription is IHS AVTE' TRANSIE' PER MEDI' ILLOR' IBAT, slipped trefoil stops.





1546-47 half-sovereign, Bristol Castle, WS monogram (under-treasurer William Sharrington) initial mark on obverse.
Obverse inscription is hЄnRIC 8 D' G' AGL' / FRAnCIЄ z hIB RЄX, slipped trefoil stops.
Reverse inscription is IHS AVTЄ' TRAnSIЄnS PЄR MЄDI' ILLOR' IBAT, slipped trefoil stops.

Deeman

Henry VIII third coinage angel

The angel had a value of 8/-, at a weight of 80 grains, 0.167oz troy at 0.958 fine (23ct), with a diameter of 28mm. The design is the same as the previous angel issues, however, the obverse inscription has the king's regnal number as '8', whereas the first and second coinage issues used 'VIII', and includes the Irish title translating to 'Henry 8, by the Grace of God, England, France and Ireland, king.' The third coinage issue is also normally characterised by either or both of the addition of an annulet by the angel's head and on the ship's hull.

The angel and its fractions did not suffer from further debasement. They were actually minted for stock-piling following a secret indenture first ordered in May 1542 calling for bullion at a reduced size and fineness. Lack of bullion arriving at the mint meant that by May 1544 the indenture was officially proclaimed and the baser coins were finally released to the public. The issuing ceased at the end of Mar 1545.





1544-45 angel, London, lis initial mark both sides.
Obverse inscription is hЄnRIC 8 D' G' R' AGL' FRA' z hIB RЄX, saltire stops, annulet by the angel's head.
Reverse inscription is PЄR CRVCЄ TVA' SALVA nOS XPЄ' RЄD', saltire stops, annulet on ship's hull.





1544-45 angel, London, lis initial mark both sides.
Obverse inscription is hЄnRIC 8 D' G' R' AGL' FRA' z hIB RЄX, saltire stops.
Reverse inscription is PЄR CRVCЄ TVA' SALVA nOS XPЄ' RЄDЄT', saltire stops.

Deeman

Henry VIII third coinage half-angel

The half-angel had a value of 4/-, at a weight of 40 grains, 0.0833oz troy at 0.958 fine (23ct), with a diameter of 19mm. The design is the same as the second coinage half-angel issue, however, the obverse inscription has the king's regnal number as '8' instead of 'VIII', and includes the Irish title translating to 'Henry 8, by the Grace of God, England, France, Ireland, king.' The third coinage issue is also characterised by annulet stops on the reverse, and with or without an annulet on the ship's hull





1544-45 half-angel, London, lis initial mark both sides.
Obverse inscription is hЄnRIC 8 D' G' AGL'FR' hIB RЄX saltire stops.
Reverse inscription is O CRVX AVE SPЄS VnICA, annulet stops.





1544-45 half-angel, London, lis initial mark both sides.
Obverse inscription is hЄnRIC 8 D' G' AGL'FR' hIB RЄ' saltire stops.
Reverse inscription is O CRVX AVE SPЄS VnICA, annulet stops, annulet on ship's hull.