Author Topic: Nasrid Maliks of Sistan: Taj Al-Din (III) Harb Bin Muhammad AE Jital  (Read 146 times)

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Offline shiblius

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Nasrids of Sistan: Taj Al-Din (III) Harb bin Muhammad, AE Jital, NM, ND (after 603 AH), 3.10 gm, 15.8-16.4 mm

Obverse:
  • Taj
  • Harb Bin Muhammad
  • Al-Din
in central ornate cartouche circumscribed within a double circular border

Reverse:
  • Lillah  (transl. For Allah)
  • Muhammad
  • Rasul Allah (messenger of Allah)
  • Al-Nasir l’Din A (truncated name of the Abbassid Caliph Al-Nasir)
  • Muhammad (Khwarizm Shah as overlord)


References: Album 1427.2, Tye-125

These debased silver (billon) jitals were issued by Taj al-Din (III) Harb bin Muhammad (reign: 564-610 AH / 1169-1213 CE) as the Nasrid Amir (Malik) of Sistan. During his long reign as the Malik of Sistan, Taj al-Din was initially a vassal of the Ghorids and after the murder of Sultan Muiz al-Din in 602 AH / 1206 CE, he acknowledged the suzerainty of the Khwarizm Shah Muhammad (II) bin Tekish beginning in 603 AH / 1206-07 CE. Sistan remained a vassalage of the Khwarizm Shahs, until the Mongol takeover beginning in 619 AH / 1222 CE.

More specimens and detailed description: https://dastanesikka.wordpress.com/2021/01/12/taj-al-din-iii-harb-ae-jital/
More background on the Nasrids: https://dastanesikka.wordpress.com/nasrids-of-sistan/
« Last Edit: January 16, 2021, 07:42:43 PM by shiblius »

Offline THCoins

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Re: Nasrid Maliks of Sistan: Taj Al-Din (III) Harb Bin Muhammad AE Jital
« Reply #1 on: January 13, 2021, 08:30:34 AM »
Interesting suggestion about the "alif" isolated after the name of the caliph. On this specimen i would tend to agree with that reading. But the calligraphy here is not so elegant. I looked at some other specimen with a bit more flowing characterforms, there the alif seemed more to be the upturned decorative tail of "in" ?

Anthony
« Last Edit: January 13, 2021, 09:18:22 PM by THCoins »

Offline shiblius

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Re: Nasrid Maliks of Sistan: Taj Al-Din (III) Harb Bin Muhammad AE Jital
« Reply #2 on: January 13, 2021, 03:35:21 PM »
I did consolidate across a sample of ten coins (from a smaller hoard).

Three main reasons:
1) The script is Kufic (with some indications of diacritical marks, and cursive constructions). In Kufic the ending with 'nun' , is usually without the ending upward loop (completing the bowl like construction). This can be substantiated by inspecting the Umayyad / Abbasid dirhams (the dates usually have words ending in 'n' e.g., khamseen, arbaeen, etc.).
2) The laqab (title) being cited is that of the Caliph and changing/truncating the laqab of the Caliph is not admissible and is a proper breach of protocol.
3) In most cases the ornamentation will be cursive like the letter 'Ha' in the construction of Muhammad in the first line (carried forward in the issues of all subsequent Nasrid rulers who issued AE/BI jitals using the same template/pattern), however the ending in the Caliph's title is linear indicating possibly a conjugation with 'Alif'
The ending / truncation can also be confirmed with specimens on Zeno.https://www.zeno.ru/showgallery.php?cat=5030

As always this is subjective inference based on evidence that points towards a clever and interesting device to direct the reading of the legend and differentiate between the central religious and political suzerains and the immediate regional political authority. Based on a different (sound) interpretation of the evidence one can arrive at a different conclusion.


Offline THCoins

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Re: Nasrid Maliks of Sistan: Taj Al-Din (III) Harb Bin Muhammad AE Jital
« Reply #3 on: January 13, 2021, 08:27:14 PM »
What about this one issued under his successor ?

Offline shiblius

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Re: Nasrid Maliks of Sistan: Taj Al-Din (III) Harb Bin Muhammad AE Jital
« Reply #4 on: January 13, 2021, 11:11:54 PM »
Thanks for highlighting the difference in the issues of Nasr bin Bahramshah. We can also expand the analysis by looking at the other Amirs who have issues these jitals:
1) Rukn al-Din Abu Mansur (https://www.zeno.ru/showgallery.php?cat=5033) who was contemporary with Nasr bin Bahramshah (rival)
2) Adud al-Din Abu'l Muzaffar (https://www.zeno.ru/showphoto.php?photo=3542) the last Nasrid Amir whose jitals are known

a) in the first case compare the obverse ornamentation of the ending with the ending of the Caliph's name on the reverse
b) the linear ending stroke also holds for the seconds case

Offline THCoins

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Re: Nasrid Maliks of Sistan: Taj Al-Din (III) Harb Bin Muhammad AE Jital
« Reply #5 on: January 14, 2021, 08:28:46 AM »
I am more convinced by this comparison with roughly contemporary pieces from the same region than by your previous point of the comparison with Umayyad / Abbasid dirhams. There are to many script style differences even if we consider it all Kufic. I think this comparison broadens the evidence.

Offline shiblius

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Re: Nasrid Maliks of Sistan: Taj Al-Din (III) Harb Bin Muhammad AE Jital
« Reply #6 on: January 14, 2021, 04:40:00 PM »
Yes, I agree.
This was a fruitful academic discourse, thoroughly enjoyed it.
Thanks for taking the time to take a look.

Offline THCoins

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Re: Nasrid Maliks of Sistan: Taj Al-Din (III) Harb Bin Muhammad AE Jital
« Reply #7 on: January 14, 2021, 04:43:30 PM »
You're welcome, the pleasure was mine !

Anthony