Author Topic: Lord of the Auspicious Conjunction or Sahib Qiran and Mughal astronomy  (Read 205 times)

0 Members and 1 Guest are viewing this topic.

Offline WillieBoyd2

  • New
  • Senior Member
  • ***
  • Posts: 180
    • My website:
Lord of the Auspicious Conjunction or Sahib Qiran

The two kings Timurid Timur (Tamerlane) and Mughal Shah Jahan both called themselves "Sahib Qiran" which meant the "Lord of the Auspicious Conjunction".

Shah Jahan even put the statement on some of his coins.


Mughal Rupee Shah Jahan, Agra, AH 1038
Silver, 22 mm, 10:47 gm, KM 222.1
Mint: Agra

Obverse: Four horizontal lines of text
Line 1: Badshah Ghazi (Emperor and fighter for Islam)
Line 2: Muhammad Shah Jahan (King of the World)
Line 3: Shahab ud-Din (Star of the Faith)
Line 4: Sahib Qiran Sani Ahad
(Lord of the Auspicious Conjunction, Sani=second, Ahad=first year of reign)

Reverse: Three horizontal lines of text
Line 1: "There is no god but Allah"
Line 2: "Muhammad is his messenger"
Line 3: Sanat Dar-i-Khilafa Agra (Struck at seat of capital Agra)
The year "1038" is on the left side of the reverse and is hard to read.
AH 1038 is around AD 1628.
The coin has no regnal year but a word meaning "first year".

Shah Jahan was the "Second Lord" as either Alexander the Great or Timur was the First Lord.

A conjunction is an astronomical term meaning that two planets are close to each other in the sky.

All of the references I found about the astrological Auspicious Conjunction had Jupiter as one of the planets and meant that someone born near such a conjunction was destined for greatness, especially the conjunction with Saturn.

Some sources state that Timur's Auspicious Conjunction was Jupiter-Saturn and that Shah Jahan's Auspicious Conjunction was Jupiter-Mars or Jupiter-Saturn.

I attempted to find out which planets the two kings were referring to, and, thanks to Astrologer Richard Nolle, who calculated dates for conjunctions, I was able to find out a little.

The Jupiter-Venus conjunction occurs approximately every one or two years.
The Jupiter-Mars conjunction occurs approximately every two or three years.
The Jupiter-Saturn conjunction occurs approximately every 20 years and was known as the "great conjunction".

The conjunction dates listed are the times the two planets were closest together. They would be near each other for weeks before and after these dates.

Timur was born on April 9, AD 1336.
The conjunction of Jupiter-Venus occurred April 6, 1335, June 24, 1336, and April 23, 1337.
The conjunction of Jupiter-Mars occurred February 2, 1334 and April 21, 1336.
The conjunction of Jupiter-Saturn occurred June 1, 1325 and March 24, 1345.
The closest conjunction occurring near Timur's birth is the Jupiter-Mars conjunction on April 21, 1336.

Shah Jahan was born on January 5, AD 1592.
The conjunction of Jupiter-Venus occurred September 24, 1591 and December 2, 1592.
The conjunction of Jupiter-Mars occurred January 19, 1591 and April 2, 1593.
The conjunction of Jupiter-Saturn occurred May 3, 1583 and December 18, 1603.
The closest conjunction occurring near Shah Jahan's birth is the Jupiter-Venus conjunction of September 24, 1591.

By the way, a "great conjunction" of Jupiter and Saturn will occur on December 21, 2020.

Something to look forward to.

:)
« Last Edit: November 08, 2020, 12:39:27 AM by WillieBoyd2 »
BrianRxm Website
The Mysterious Egyptian Magic Coin
Coins in Movies and Television
The 1949 San Francisco Mexico Peso Restrikes

Offline saro

  • Moderator
  • Honorary Member
  • *****
  • Posts: 3 507
Re: Lord of the Auspicious Conjunction or Sahib Qiran and Mughal astronomy
« Reply #1 on: November 08, 2020, 10:12:05 AM »
Lord of the Auspicious Conjunction or Sahib Qiran

The two kings Timurid Timur (Tamerlane) and Mughal Shah Jahan both called themselves "Sahib Qiran" which meant the "Lord of the Auspicious Conjunction".
Shah Jahan even put the statement on some of his coins.

Shah Shuja, Murad Bakhsh, Shah 'Alam Bahadur, Jahandar, Farrukhsiyar,  Shah Jahan II, Muhammad Shah , 'Alamgir Shah II, Shah 'Alam II, Akbar II, have also used this formula on their coins, more or less frequently, to show their family link with Timur.

See this nice rupee of Muhammad Shah
« Last Edit: November 08, 2020, 10:23:07 AM by saro »
"All I know is that I know nothing" (Socrates)

Offline WillieBoyd2

  • New
  • Senior Member
  • ***
  • Posts: 180
    • My website:
Re: Lord of the Auspicious Conjunction or Sahib Qiran and Mughal astronomy
« Reply #2 on: November 10, 2020, 08:14:54 PM »
Once a king uses a title his successors sometimes continue to use it, especially such a neat title as "Lord of the Auspicious Conjunction".

The Pope gave England's Henry VIII the title "Defender of the Faith" in 1521. Subsequent English kings and queens have used it including the current queen.

By the way, I saw "Roman Holiday" too.

:)
BrianRxm Website
The Mysterious Egyptian Magic Coin
Coins in Movies and Television
The 1949 San Francisco Mexico Peso Restrikes

Online Figleaf

  • Administrator
  • Honorary Member
  • *****
  • Posts: 32 174
Re: Lord of the Auspicious Conjunction or Sahib Qiran and Mughal astronomy
« Reply #3 on: November 10, 2020, 09:06:15 PM »
Not only honorific titles, titles of nobility could be retained also, from king of Algarve and king of the Goths  to king of France (by English kings) and king of Jerusalem were used long after their "best before" date.

Fun write-up. Thank you.

Peter
An unidentified coin is a piece of metal. An identified coin is a piece of history.

Offline abhinumis

  • Honorary Member
  • *****
  • Posts: 1 679
Re: Lord of the Auspicious Conjunction or Sahib Qiran and Mughal astronomy
« Reply #4 on: November 20, 2020, 12:24:48 PM »
It would be interesting to note that ruler Farrukhsiyar on rare coins of Tatta mint declared himself as 'Third' lord of conjunctions or Sahib qiran talath. Wonder what conjunction was that??
Dr.Abhishek