Author Topic: Pre-euro coinage of the Republic of Greece, 1976 to 2001  (Read 422 times)

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Offline <k>

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Re: Pre-euro coinage of the Republic of Greece, 1976 to 2001
« Reply #15 on: September 24, 2020, 09:18:53 PM »



The reverse design of the 20 drachmai coin featured Pericles.

He was the orator and general of Athens during its golden age.


The 20 drachmai coin was the highest denomination of the new coin series of 1976.
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Offline <k>

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Re: Pre-euro coinage of the Republic of Greece, 1976 to 2001
« Reply #16 on: September 24, 2020, 10:36:38 PM »
Here you see how the coins looked together, in a 1976 collector set.





Obverse.





Reverse.
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Offline <k>

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Re: Pre-euro coinage of the Republic of Greece, 1976 to 2001
« Reply #17 on: September 24, 2020, 10:38:37 PM »



In 1980 a 50 drachmai coin was added to the series.

It was made of copper-nickel, weighed 12 grams and had a diameter of 31 mm.


The obverse design featured stylised waves.

The reverse design featured Solon.

He was an Athenian statesman, lawmaker and poet.


This was the only coin of the series to have a bead circle, which appeared on the reverse.

A partial bead circle appeared on the obverse.
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Offline <k>

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Re: Pre-euro coinage of the Republic of Greece, 1976 to 2001
« Reply #18 on: September 25, 2020, 12:02:20 AM »
In 1982 Greece changed the old spelling of 'drachma' (singular) and 'drachmai' to 'drachme' and 'drachmes' respectively. The old forms were no longer used in practice.

The new spelling of 'drachmes' was therefore used on the coinage from 1982 onwards. However, the spelling on the 1 drachma / drachme coin did not change, and I do not not the reason for that. 

The designs of the coins did not otherwise change. Therefore, I will show only one example of the new spelling, on an image of the 20 drachmes coin, below.
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Offline <k>

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Re: Pre-euro coinage of the Republic of Greece, 1976 to 2001
« Reply #19 on: September 25, 2020, 12:17:02 AM »



In 1986 Greece issued a new 50 drachmes coin. It was made of nickel-brass.

It was smaller and lighter than the previous copper-nickel version, which had not been minted after 1984.

The new version was 27.6 mm in diameter and weighed 9 grams.


The reverse design depicted an ancient galley, while the obverse design featured Homer.

The portrait of Homer was based on one found on an ancient coin of the island of Ios.
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Offline <k>

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Re: Pre-euro coinage of the Republic of Greece, 1976 to 2001
« Reply #20 on: September 25, 2020, 01:00:58 AM »



In 1988 a new smaller, lighter version of the 1 drachme coin was issued.

The previous version was in nickel-brass and was not issued after 1986.

The new version was in copper. It weighed 2.8 grams and had a diameter of 18 mm.

The nickel-brass version had weighed 4 grams, with a diameter of 21 mm.


The new coin retained the obverse design of a brigantine.

The reverse design featured Laskarina Bouboulina, a heroine of the Greek War of Independence in 1821.
« Last Edit: September 25, 2020, 03:14:15 AM by <k> »
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Re: Pre-euro coinage of the Republic of Greece, 1976 to 2001
« Reply #21 on: September 25, 2020, 02:21:12 AM »



Also in 1988 a new smaller, lighter version of the 2 drachmes coin was issued.

The previous version was in nickel-brass and was not issued after 1986.


The new version was in copper. It weighed 3.7 grams and had a diameter of 21 mm.

The nickel-brass version had weighed 6 grams, with a diameter of 24 mm.


The reverse design of the new coin featured Manto Mavrogenous.

She was a heroine of the Greek War of Independence in 1821.

 
« Last Edit: September 25, 2020, 03:12:46 AM by <k> »
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Re: Pre-euro coinage of the Republic of Greece, 1976 to 2001
« Reply #22 on: September 25, 2020, 02:24:04 AM »



The obverse design of the 2 drachmes coin featured a cannon, an anchor and the wheel of a ship.
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Re: Pre-euro coinage of the Republic of Greece, 1976 to 2001
« Reply #23 on: September 25, 2020, 02:34:18 AM »



In 1988 a new smaller, lighter version of the 20 drachmes coin was issued.

The previous version was in copper-nickel and was not issued after 1988.


The new version was in nickel-brass. It weighed 7 grams and had a diameter of 24.5 mm.

The copper-nickel version had weighed 11.15 grams, with a diameter of 28.8 mm.


The reverse design featured Dionysios Solomos, the poet who wrote the words to the national anthem.

The obverse design featured an olive branch.

 
« Last Edit: September 25, 2020, 03:13:09 AM by <k> »
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Re: Pre-euro coinage of the Republic of Greece, 1976 to 2001
« Reply #24 on: September 25, 2020, 02:53:26 AM »



In 1991 a new denomination was issued. The 100 drachmes coin was made of aluminium-bronze.

It weighed 10 grams and had a diameter of 29.3 mm.


The reverse design featured Alexander the Great, King of the Macedons.

The obverse design featured the Vergina Sun, an ancient symbol of Macedonia.


Upon independence in 1991, the former Yugoslav republic of Macedonia had used the Vergina Sun on its flag.

Greece issued the new coin in 1991 but with the year of issue shown as 1990.

This was done in order to discourage the new republic's use of the Vergina Sun.


The theme of the Greek coin was: 'Macedonia is Greek'. The new republic adopted a different flag in 1995 to appease Greece.

The former Yugoslav republic of Macedonia is now officially 'The Republic of North Macedonia'.

See: Coinage of North Macedonia.
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Re: Pre-euro coinage of the Republic of Greece, 1976 to 2001
« Reply #25 on: September 25, 2020, 03:05:14 AM »
The final Greek drachme coins were minted in the year 2000. Greece joined the euro zone and adopted euro coins and banknotes on 1st January 2002.





See also: Pre-euro to euro design continuity.
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Re: Pre-euro coinage of the Republic of Greece, 1976 to 2001
« Reply #26 on: September 25, 2020, 01:50:16 PM »



From 1967 to 1973, Greece was a monarchy under a military dictatorship.

In 1973 it became a republic under a military dictatorship.

In 1974 the military dictatorship collapsed, and democracy was restored.


See: Greece 1973: the fascinating story behind Series A and B.
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Re: Pre-euro coinage of the Republic of Greece, 1976 to 2001
« Reply #27 on: September 25, 2020, 01:53:08 PM »


Cyprus, 50 cents, 1991.



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Offline <k>

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