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Coinage of Paraguay since 1975

Started by <k>, July 05, 2020, 11:21:02 PM

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<k>



The location of Paraguay within South America.






Map of Paraguay.




From Wikipedia:

The Republic of Paraguay is a country in South America. Although it is one of only two landlocked countries in South America (the other is Bolivia), the country has coasts, beaches and ports on the Paraguay and Paraná rivers that give exit to the Atlantic Ocean. Due to its central location in South America, it is sometimes referred to as the Heart of South America.

Spanish conquistadores arrived in 1524. In 1537 they established the city of Asunción, which was the first capital of the Governorate of Paraguay and Río de la Plata. Paraguay was the center of the Jesuit Missions, where the Guaraní people were introduced to Christianity and European culture. However, after the expulsion of the Jesuits from Spanish territories in 1767, Paraguay increasingly became a peripheral colony, with few urban centers and settlers.

Following independence from Spain at the beginning of the 19th century, Paraguay was ruled by a series of authoritarian governments who generally implemented nationalist, isolationist and protectionist policies. This period ended with the disastrous Paraguayan War, during which Paraguay lost at least 50% of its prewar population and around 25–33% of its territory to the Triple Alliance of Argentina, Brazil and Uruguay. In the 20th century, Paraguay faced another major international conflict – the Chaco War – against Bolivia, from which the Paraguayans emerged victorious. Afterwards, the country entered a period of military dictatorships, ending with the 35 year regime of Alfredo Stroessner that lasted until he was toppled in 1989 by an internal military coup. This marked the beginning of the "democratic era" of Paraguay.

Paraguay is a developing country. With around seven million inhabitants, Paraguay is a founding member of Mercosur, an original member of the United Nations, the Organization of American States, the Non-Aligned Movement and the Lima Group. The Guarani culture is very influential and more than 90% of the people speak different forms of the Guarani language in addition to Spanish.
Visit the website of The Royal Mint Museum.

See: The Royal Mint Museum.

<k>

Visit the website of The Royal Mint Museum.

See: The Royal Mint Museum.

<k>



The flag of Paraguay was adopted in 1842. Its design, a red–white–blue triband, was inspired by the colours of the Dutch flag, believed to signify independence and liberty.
Visit the website of The Royal Mint Museum.

See: The Royal Mint Museum.

<k>

Paraguay introduced a new series of coins in 1953. They were minted in 1953 only, and for many years after that only banknotes were used.

In 1975 a new series of coins was introduced. The coins, in denominations of 1, 5, 10 and 50 guaranies, were round and made of stainless steel.
Visit the website of The Royal Mint Museum.

See: The Royal Mint Museum.

<k>



The obverse of the 1 guaraní coin depicted a Paraguayan soldier.
Visit the website of The Royal Mint Museum.

See: The Royal Mint Museum.

<k>

#5


The design is taken from a photo of an unknown soldier that was taken in 1933.

Visit the website of The Royal Mint Museum.

See: The Royal Mint Museum.

<k>




Some of the coin designs in this topic were taken from Paraguayan banknotes of the 1950s.

Here you see the soldier on a 1 guaraní banknote.
Visit the website of The Royal Mint Museum.

See: The Royal Mint Museum.

<k>



The reverse of the 1 guaraní coin depicted a tobacco plant.
Visit the website of The Royal Mint Museum.

See: The Royal Mint Museum.

<k>



The obverse of the 5 guaraníes coin depicted a Paraguayan woman.
Visit the website of The Royal Mint Museum.

See: The Royal Mint Museum.

<k>



Here you see the same design on an old banknote of the 1950s.
Visit the website of The Royal Mint Museum.

See: The Royal Mint Museum.

<k>




The design was in turn based on a photograph of a real woman.

She was a singer whose name was Dora del Cerro.
Visit the website of The Royal Mint Museum.

See: The Royal Mint Museum.

<k>



The reverse of the 5 guaraníes coin featured a cotton plant.
Visit the website of The Royal Mint Museum.

See: The Royal Mint Museum.

<k>




The obverse of the 10 guaraníes coin featured Eugenio Alejandrino Garay Argaña (1875-1937).

He was a Paraguayan general who fought in the Chaco War (1932-1935) between Paraguay and Bolivia.
Visit the website of The Royal Mint Museum.

See: The Royal Mint Museum.

<k>



The design was based on this photograph.
Visit the website of The Royal Mint Museum.

See: The Royal Mint Museum.

<k>



The design had originally appeared on an old banknote of the 1950s.
Visit the website of The Royal Mint Museum.

See: The Royal Mint Museum.