Author Topic: Coinage of French Somaliland / French Afars and Issas / Djibouti  (Read 735 times)

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Offline <k>

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Re: Coinage of French Somaliland / French Afars and Issas / Djibouti
« Reply #15 on: June 15, 2020, 03:02:10 AM »


Common obverse design of the 50 and 100 francs coins.



In 1970 two new denominations were issued: a 50 francs and a 100 francs coin.

The obverse and reverse designs were the work of French artist and sculptor Raymond Joly.

The obverse featured his new version of Marianne, representing France.


At bottom left you see the Paris Mint mark, of which Joly was chief engraver.

The owl at bottom right is Joly's personal engraver mark.
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Offline <k>

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Re: Coinage of French Somaliland / French Afars and Issas / Djibouti
« Reply #16 on: June 15, 2020, 03:10:41 AM »


Reverse of the 50 francs coin.



Raymond Joly's reverse design featured two camels.

Compared to Lucien Bazor's designs, it was rather simplistic in style.
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Offline <k>

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Re: Coinage of French Somaliland / French Afars and Issas / Djibouti
« Reply #17 on: June 15, 2020, 03:13:54 AM »


Reverse of the 100 francs coin.



The reverse design of the 100 francs again featured the two camels.

Both the 50 francs and the 100 francs were made of copper-nickel.

The 50 francs weighed 7 g and was in 25.5 mm diameter.

The 100 francs weighed 11.9 g and was in 30 mm diameter.
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Offline <k>

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Re: Coinage of French Somaliland / French Afars and Issas / Djibouti
« Reply #18 on: June 15, 2020, 03:21:07 AM »


Map of Djibouti.



A full and final set of the coins of the French Afars and Issas was issued into circulation in 1975 and of course dated 1975.

From Wikipedia:

A third independence referendum was held in the French Territory of the Afars and the Issas on 8 May 1977. This referendum backed independence from France. A landslide 98.8% of the electorate supported disengagement from France, officially marking Djibouti's independence. Hassan Gouled Aptidon, a Djiboutian politician who had campaigned for a yes vote in the referendum of 1958, became the nation's first president (1977–1999).

During its first year, the Republic of Djibouti joined the Organization of African Unity (now the African Union), the Arab League and United Nations.
« Last Edit: June 19, 2020, 05:12:23 PM by <k> »
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Offline <k>

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Re: Coinage of French Somaliland / French Afars and Issas / Djibouti
« Reply #19 on: June 15, 2020, 03:29:19 AM »



From Wikipedia:

The national flag of Djibouti is a horizontal flag with equal bands of light blue and light green, with a white equilateral triangle at the hoist. In the center of the triangle is a red star.

The light blue represents the sky and the sea, as well as the Issa Somalis. Green represents the everlasting green of the earth, as well as the Afars. White represents the colour of peace, while the red star represents the unity and the blood shed by the martyrs of independence.
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Offline <k>

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Re: Coinage of French Somaliland / French Afars and Issas / Djibouti
« Reply #20 on: June 15, 2020, 03:34:01 AM »



The national emblem of Djibouti features a laurel crown surrounding a shield and a lance surmounted by a five-pointed star. The shield and the lance are flanked by two hands, each holding a traditional Djibouti dagger.

The laurel crown represents the peace granted to the Djibouti people after the victory obtained during the attainment of independence on 27 June 1977. The shield, the lance and the star symbolize defence of the national sovereignty and of the territorial integrity. The two traditional daggers held by two hands symbolize the culture and traditions of the people as the foundations of national solidarity.
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Offline pk72

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Re: Coinage of French Somaliland / French Afars and Issas / Djibouti
« Reply #21 on: June 15, 2020, 04:57:55 AM »
From 1914 - 31, the French (Chambers of Commerce Coinage) issued Tokens. Since no official coins were issued during this period, could these tokens be considered as currency?

Offline Figleaf

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Re: Coinage of French Somaliland / French Afars and Issas / Djibouti
« Reply #22 on: June 15, 2020, 09:00:37 AM »
These certainly were meant to be and used as money. Leaving out a lot of detail:

During the first world war, gold and silver coins were hoarded in France. It became a tenet of French policy that Germany would have to pay all damage. When they would have done so, the theory said, the old money could be issued again.

In practice, it was impossible to pay the calculated war damage. Nevertheless, France held on to its demands and refused to issue new coins. As there was demand for such coins, private tokens appeared. They were often not redeemable, nor accepted outside a small region around the issuer. After some years of chaos, the chambers of commerce stepped in with coins that were promised to be redeemable and could be used in a wider area. After an agreement with the state, the national chamber of commerce issued tokens in base metal that were accepted nationwide, usually considered coins.

Meanwhile, Germany suffered from hyperinflation, fast economic decline, hunger, sickness (notably tuberculosis) and social and political instability, that convinced the USA and the UK that their war damage payment policy was wrong. France and Belgium could in the long run not maintain the policy. Currencies were reformed and claims dropped. It was too late. The consequences of the policy had already sown the seeds of the second world war.

The situation in the French colonies in Africa was comparable to that in France, though the role of chambers of commerce was much smaller or absent. Also, in Africa, local agricultural products could serve as small change, making the colonial tokens harder to find.

Peter
An unidentified coin is a piece of metal. An identified coin is a piece of history.

Offline <k>

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Re: Coinage of French Somaliland / French Afars and Issas / Djibouti
« Reply #23 on: June 15, 2020, 01:22:53 PM »


Common obverse of Djiboutian coinage since 1977.



Djibouti issued its first coins after independence in 1977.

Marianne no longer appeared on the obverse.

The new common obverse featured the national emblem and the the new country name.
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Offline <k>

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Re: Coinage of French Somaliland / French Afars and Issas / Djibouti
« Reply #24 on: June 15, 2020, 01:25:37 PM »


Reverse of the 1 franc coin.



The legend on the reverse removed the old territory name.

It was replaced by the national slogan: Unity, equality, peace.
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Offline <k>

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Re: Coinage of French Somaliland / French Afars and Issas / Djibouti
« Reply #25 on: June 15, 2020, 01:27:16 PM »


Reverse of the 2 francs coin.



The dimensions and weight of the new coins remained the same as before 1977.
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Offline <k>

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Re: Coinage of French Somaliland / French Afars and Issas / Djibouti
« Reply #26 on: June 15, 2020, 01:32:19 PM »


Reverse of the 5 francs coin.
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Offline <k>

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Re: Coinage of French Somaliland / French Afars and Issas / Djibouti
« Reply #27 on: June 15, 2020, 01:41:22 PM »


Reverse of the 10 francs coin.



The aluminium-bronze 10 francs and 20 francs coins retained Lucien Bazor's beautiful ship design.
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Offline <k>

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Re: Coinage of French Somaliland / French Afars and Issas / Djibouti
« Reply #28 on: June 15, 2020, 01:41:47 PM »


Reverse of the 20 francs coin.
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Offline <k>

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Re: Coinage of French Somaliland / French Afars and Issas / Djibouti
« Reply #29 on: June 15, 2020, 03:46:30 PM »


Reverse of the 50 francs coin.
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