Author Topic: Khwarezmshah-Mamunid fals from the year 1000 AD  (Read 586 times)

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Offline Pellinore

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Khwarezmshah-Mamunid fals from the year 1000 AD
« on: April 09, 2020, 10:53:40 AM »
This small, dark fals is one of the more important of my collection. It was issued by 'Ali b. Ma'mun (Mamun) in Bukhara, 390 AH = 1000 AD. The Mamunids were the successors of the long-established Afrighid dynasty of Khwarezm, Iranians who had reigned that remote area - just south of Lake Aral at the mouths of Oxus and Jaxartes - for four centuries. They were forcibly converted to Islam in the early 9th century, but stayed in power because of that. Their royal seat was the town of Kath.

At the end of the 4th/ 10th century, the same time when Samanids were giving way to Qarakhanids and Ghaznavids, the Afrighids were ousted by the rulers of a rival city in Khwarezm, Gurganj. This new and short-lived dynasty is known as Mamunids after their first ruler, Ma'mun ibn Muhammad (995-997). His son Ali b. Ma'mun ruled from 997-1009, but he had an impressive court where many great men lived, like Biruni and Ibn Sina (Avicenna). For a short while around 390, he was the independent ruler of Bukhara, as this coin witnesses - between Qarakhanid rule of that city. Only in 1017 the Mamunids were overthrown by Mahmud of Ghazni.

AE fals Khwarizmshah-Mamunids, Ali b. Mamun. Bukhara, 390AH. 23 mm, 2.25 gr. Zeno 82866 (this coin). Album N1478.

-- Paul

« Last Edit: April 09, 2020, 06:01:19 PM by Pellinore »

Offline Figleaf

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Re: Khwarezmshah-Mamunid fals from the year 1000 AD
« Reply #1 on: April 16, 2020, 04:41:50 PM »
A superb piece of history, Pellinore. TFP. Even today, Khiva (Khwarezm) has a character that is quite different from Buqhara and Samarqand. The latter are large marketplaces, devoted to trade. From Bactrian times onward, they were ready to surrender to anyone, as long as trade could continue. They were impressive centers of knowledge, art and fashion. Khiva, basically an oasis in a huge desert, was focussed on survival and ready to do battle. A soldier coming from Khiva would find Buqhara and Samarqand an easy prey, but would risk enchantment with luxury and refined thinking, ending up an easy prey himself.

An unidentified coin is a piece of metal. An identified coin is a piece of history.