Author Topic: A post-regnal rupee of Shahjahan from Tatta mint  (Read 146 times)

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Offline drnsreedhar

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A post-regnal rupee of Shahjahan from Tatta mint
« on: October 23, 2019, 01:35:43 PM »
Here is a rupee dated AH.1069 and RY.33, in the name of Shahjahan.
Shahjahan ruled from AH.1037 to 1068. He was imprisoned that year. RY of Aurangazeb begins from 1068. So Shahjahan was not on the throne in AH.1069. Regnal years of Shahjahan that can fall in 1068 are 31 and 32.
Thus this Shahjahan  rupee is dated after his reign, both in AH and in RY.
« Last Edit: October 23, 2019, 03:26:32 PM by drnsreedhar »
Dr.Sreedhar

Offline Figleaf

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Re: A post-regnal rupee of Shahjahan from Tatta mint
« Reply #1 on: November 01, 2019, 10:57:59 AM »
Interesting coin. I wonder if the mint master was uninformed (maybe not so likely), expressing support for Shah Jahan (dangerous) or pretending to be uninformed or not instructed and hedging his bets. Would mint master have been a politically sensitive post? Would local religious leaders have played a role?

Peter
An unidentified coin is a piece of metal. An identified coin is a piece of history.

Offline asm

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Re: A post-regnal rupee of Shahjahan from Tatta mint
« Reply #2 on: November 01, 2019, 11:28:44 AM »
Here is a rupee dated AH.1069 and RY.33, in the name of Shahjahan.
Shahjahan ruled from AH.1037 to 1068. He was imprisoned that year. RY of Aurangazeb begins from 1068. So Shahjahan was not on the throne in AH.1069. Regnal years of Shahjahan that can fall in 1068 are 31 and 32.
Thus this Shahjahan  rupee is dated after his reign, both in AH and in RY.

There is a lot of speculation about Aurangzeb's coronation and the date on which he ascended the throne. T cut a long story short, in 1068, Aurangzeb took ill and the message sent out to has 3 sons - Murad in Ahmedabad, Aurangzeb in the Deccan and Shah Suja in the Deccan said as much. At this time, crown prince Dara Sikoh was in Agra.
Then the message trail went dry. Aparantly, Dara decided not to sen out further bulletins on their fathers health to the other 3 brothers. Not yet clear whether this was on Shah Jahan's orders or some courtiers mischief. The three anxious brothers thought that Shah Jahan was no more and Crown Prince Dara had  taken over the throne at Agra. So Murad crowned himself at Ahmedabad, had the Kuthba read and Sikka struck in his name from areas where he was the Governor.. Some with Shuja in Bengal. Aurangzeb, smartly did not have a coronation now was any coin struck in his name.
He soon invited Murad to his camp and prommissed him some part of the pie. Together they marched up on Agra where Dara lost and swiftly moved towards Lahore and thence to Ahmedabad. The invited Shuja but he too did not join the two brothers. He was attacked and forced out to Assam.
When Aurangzeb reached Agra, Shah Jahan was still alive. He asked for a coronation but the pundits / clergy refused saying that as per Islam, he can not be coronated till Shah Jahan was alive. So a small ceremony was held and he declared himself the ruler of India.  However no coins were struck in his name.
By 1169 AH, he had removed all competition to the throne and Shah Jahan was extremely ill. He again asked far a coronation - reading the Khutba and striking of the coin in his name but again the clerics refused. THen some Gujarat based cleric, showed a way around on how the ceremony could be held even though Shah Jahan was still alive.
It was then that the official couplet was rendered, coins struck and Khutba read in his name. THis was almost the end of 1069 AH.

So it is not surprising that we have coins of Shah Jahan dated 1069. I have seen many, including Ahmedabad, Lahore etc. In fact Junagadh (may be not agreeing to the coronation while Shah Jahan was alive) struck coins in Shah Jahan's name till AH 1071.

THis is as short as I could make of a talk given by Harun Shaikh of Ahmedabad at the ONS meet in August in Ahmedabad.

The official date of coronation was decreed by an official order to be back dated to the 1st of Ramazan while the actual coronation was in the last few days of the month.

Amit

PS: Harun is a friend and I have had many hours of discussions on this topic with him.   
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Offline Figleaf

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Re: A post-regnal rupee of Shahjahan from Tatta mint
« Reply #3 on: November 01, 2019, 12:55:11 PM »
So it was the national religious leaders who stopped the coronation. I suppose the local reps followed their lead. How unfortunate for poor India that impeachment hadn't been invented yet.

Peter
An unidentified coin is a piece of metal. An identified coin is a piece of history.