Author Topic: New Caledonia independence referendum 2020  (Read 416 times)

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Offline eurocoin

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New Caledonia independence referendum 2020
« on: June 04, 2020, 08:56:30 PM »
New Caledonia is planning to hold an independence referendum on September 6, 2020. The referendum is recognized by France. It will be its second independence referendum. The last one was held in 2018 when 57% of the voters voted to remain French.

Offline Chatterjee_Soubhik

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Re: New Caledonia independence referendum 2020
« Reply #1 on: June 04, 2020, 09:22:32 PM »
In accordance with the Nouméa Accord of 1998, New Caledonians were allowed up to three referendums on independence; the first came in 2018, then two more in 2020 and 2022 if the previous ones had not resulted in independence, but one-third of members of the Congress of New Caledonia voted for another one. The first was held in November 2018, with voters rejecting independence by 56–44%.
In 2019, members of the Caledonian Union, Future with Confidence, the Kanak and Socialist National Liberation Front (FLNKS) and the National Union for Independence requested another referendum be held.

Ref: Wikipedia- 2020 New Caledonian independence referendum
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Offline Figleaf

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Re: New Caledonia independence referendum 2020
« Reply #2 on: June 04, 2020, 09:38:34 PM »
In fact, the French objective is that New Caledonia becomes independent. There were riots in the 1980s between Caldoches (basically French settlers) and Kanaks (Melanesians). This resulted in an agreement in 1988 that New Caledonia would be de-colonised by referendum. To the chagrin of all parties, the referendum was won by the no vote. The 2020 vote, moved away from COVID-19 to August 30 or September 6 is aimed rectify this by giving the right to vote only to those who have lived in New Caledonia for the last three years. Kanaks will get the vote automatically, Caldoches must go through a procedure to vote. Just in case people still don't get what Paris wants, a third vote has already been foreseen, but only in case the no-vote wins again.

New Caledonia does not have much of an economy. It depends on tourism, mostly from France, financial transfers, mostly pension money of French settlers and subsidies from the French government. Currently, the French government has awarded a subsidy line of €125 million to refinance banks and an additional subsidy for COVID-19 related damage of €79 million. These amounts come on top of the regular budget subsidy from Paris (about 50% of the government budget income.)

The size of the population of New Caledonia is 284 000 (2018)

Peter
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Offline Chatterjee_Soubhik

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Re: New Caledonia independence referendum 2020
« Reply #3 on: June 04, 2020, 11:04:09 PM »
Independence is not a viable option too, I believe.
Given their reliance on the French government's subsidies, economic relief packages, dependence on French tourism, and other such measure, as Peter said. On top of that, the global warming and rising sea levels presents a new challenge of the locals to manage on their own, without the support of the French government. See here. They need the support of the French government for not just their living, but their life too as experts predict that the island will be drowned in a couple hundred years if measures are not taken. This will not only affect humans but the flora and fauna of the island. see here.

regards,
Soubhik.
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Offline eurocoin

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Re: New Caledonia independence referendum 2020
« Reply #4 on: July 21, 2020, 03:28:39 PM »
The referendum has been postponed until October 4 because of the COVID-19 outbreak. It is expected that the result will be closer this time, a party that chose to be indifferent on the matter last time now calls on its supporters to vote in favour of independence.

Offline eurocoin

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Re: New Caledonia independence referendum 2020
« Reply #5 on: October 04, 2020, 11:16:37 AM »
The referendum was held today, voting stopped a few hours ago. The results are expected later today. The turnout was over 80%.

Offline eurocoin

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Re: New Caledonia independence referendum 2020
« Reply #6 on: October 04, 2020, 01:49:58 PM »
The people of New Caledonia have again voted against independence. In 2022 a new independence referendum will likely be held in New Caledonia.
« Last Edit: October 04, 2020, 07:19:21 PM by eurocoin »

Offline <k>

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Re: New Caledonia independence referendum 2020
« Reply #7 on: October 04, 2020, 02:34:27 PM »
New Caledonia rejects independence from France: full referendum count.

The ‘no’ camp won 53.26% of the vote, a narrower margin of victory than in a previous referendum in 2018.
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Offline chrisild

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Re: New Caledonia independence referendum 2020
« Reply #8 on: October 05, 2020, 10:40:35 AM »
Hmm, I wonder whether they will now do a referendum every two years. ;) Of course it is up to the people in New Caledonia to decide about their future, but I wonder ... once there is a pro-independence majority, will the referendums come to an end, or continue after that?

Christian, tongue firmly in cheek

Offline eurocoin

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Re: New Caledonia independence referendum 2020
« Reply #9 on: October 05, 2020, 02:48:41 PM »
Quote from: <k>
The ‘no’ camp won 53.26% of the vote, a narrower margin of victory than in a previous referendum in 2018.

If the current trend continues, in 2022 there will be a small majority in favour of independence.

Hmm, I wonder whether they will now do a referendum every two years. ;) Of course it is up to the people in New Caledonia to decide about their future, but I wonder ... once there is a pro-independence majority, will the referendums come to an end, or continue after that?

Christian, tongue firmly in cheek

The possibility to hold a maximum of 3 independence referendums was in 1998 laid down in the Nouméa Accord. These were sheduled for 2018, 2020 and 2022. As soon as there is a majority for independence, that would be definitive. It is not certain that in 2022 another independence referendum will be held, although it is very likely. At least 33% of the Congress of New Caledonian will have to vote in favour of holding a third referendum.

Offline chrisild

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Re: New Caledonia independence referendum 2020
« Reply #10 on: October 05, 2020, 05:09:53 PM »
Ah yes, I had forgotten about the "three max" rule. Thanks!

Christian