Author Topic: Hindu Kings of Mathura: Gomitra, 150 BC, Sri Laxmi-3 Elephant type, MAC #4499  (Read 65 times)

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Offline mitresh

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Kings of Mathura, Gomitra, 150 BC, Copper, 8.48g, Ref: MAC 4499

Obv: Sri Laxmi standing facing, holding a lotus in right hand with left arm akimbo; circular legend in Brahmi above “GoMiTaSa” (‘Of Gomitra’); River with swimming fishes at bottom; Ujjain symbol on right with Srivatsa below; Tree with bushy leaves on left

Rev: 3 front facing Elephants with riders

Post the collapse of the Mauryan Empire around 200 BC and prior to the occupation of Mathura by the Indo-Greeks, Western Kshatraps and Kushan’s, the power vacuum in Mathura was filled by a series of local rule by 13 Kings, all of whom issued coins, of which 6 Kings had names ending with ‘Mitra’ and another 6 had names ending with ‘Datta’. The reign of these local rulers lasted approx 100 years from ca 150 BC - 50 BC.

The names of these 13 Kings known from their coins are Gomitra, Brahmamitra, Dadhamitra, Vishnumitra, Suryamitra, Satamitra; Bhavadatta, Kamadatta, Purushadatta, Ramadatta, Seshadatta, Uttamadatta; and Balabhuti.

The Mathura inscription only names 3 Mitra rulers viz Gomitra, Vishnumitra and Suryamitra, proving yet again the important aspect of Numismatics in unearthing hidden rulers and dynasties from obscurity.

The ‘Mitra’ Kings were the earliest in chronology followed by Kings with Datta ending surname. Gomitra is considered the earliest and first ruler.

The coins of Mathura Kings are all die-struck in copper and follow a typical style of standing Sri Laxmi surrounded by other motifs with the rulers name inscribed on Obv, and the 3 elephant design on Rev. There are however minor variations noted viz the Ujjain symbol is noted on only coin’s of Mitra rulers while the title Rajno/Rajna occurs only on coins of few Datta rulers.

The 3 elephant design on the Rev is best seen on both round and square type coin’s of Gomitra while it gets cruder and degenerated over the issues of successors. Pl see attached close up view of the Rev of my coin.

The rule of these local Kings in Mathura was ended by the Western Kshatraps in the 1st Century AD.

Acknowledgement
Wilfried Pieper
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Offline Figleaf

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And if Pieper says Gomitra coins are tops, Mitresh will have Gomitra :D Seriously, two obscure dynasties who left coins as their only traces and you get to own one of their best coins? Wow, Mitresh. Frankly, it took a bit of a stare to discover the elephant design. Are we looking at a full face elephant's head with a trunk in the middle and tusks on the side?

Peter
An unidentified coin is a piece of metal. An identified coin is a piece of history.

Offline mitresh

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Thanks Peter. These coins are very very scarce/rare indeed, especially in this condition.

Yes indeed it is a front facing Elephant with trunk in middle and tusks at side.
In the quest for Excellence, there's no finish line.