Author Topic: Almora State , the Nepalese occupation Girvan Yuddha , crude version paduka , taca  (Read 215 times)

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Offline sarwar khan

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In the early 7th century the Chand Kingdom was established by Raja Som Chand. He continued to call his state Kurmanchal and established its capital in Champawat.The Chand rule is seen as the most prominent empire of Kumaon and it coincided with a period of cultural resurgence. Archeological surveys point towards the development of culture and art forms during this period.

From 7th to 18th centuries, Kumaon prospered under the Chand Monarchs and during this period , learning and new forms of painting (The Pahari school of art) developed.
Towards the end of 17th century Raja Udyot Chand erected several temples in Almora, including the Tripur Sundari, Udyot Chandeshwar and Parbateshwar, to mark the victory over Garhwal and Doti. Raja Gyan Chand ascended the throne in 1698 and in 1699 he attacked Garhwal, defeating the remaining Garhwali forces in the battle of Daduli (near Melchauri in Garhwal) In 1707 the Kumaon forces annexed Juniyagarh in Bichla Chaukot (Syalde), and razed the old fort at Chandpur. Later Raja Jagat Chand (1708 1720) defeated the Raja of Garhwal and extended his rule in entire Garhwal.

The Chand Kings also defeated the Rajwars of Askot, though the latter were allowed to hold their land on payment of a tribute. The hill station of Binsar, 30 km from Almora was the Summer retreat of the Chand Kings.

Uttarakhand state has two distinct regions. while the region lying on eastern side bordering Nepal is known as Kumaun, the other part on western side is known as Garhwal which touches Himachal Pradesh in the west.Kumaun was a kingdom with Almora as its capital, and Garhwal was also a separate kingdom and had its capital at Shri Nagar, along the Holy River Ganga - Alaknanda

In later part of eighteenth century, some say in 1791 and some say in 1803, Nepal had captured parts of Kumaun, and it is said that they heaped brutal atrocities on the common people. Sensing a danger, the King of Garhwal saught help from the British rulers of that time, and it was decided to divide the Garhwal in two parts, and eastern part of Garhwal, located adjacent to Kumaun, was handed over to British.

Thus, the Nepalis, holding the occupied territories of Kumaun, came face to face with the British, and the confrontation culminated in a battle, and the British pushed back the Nepalis from Kumaun to their own territories. Thus, the entire Kumaun region, and the eastern part of Garhwal fell under British occupation. The year was 1814.

Details about the coins -
Issue under the regin of the Nepalese ruler Girvan yuddha vikram shah (AD 1799 1816)
Denomination - Taca.
Issue years - 1799-1815AD
Weight - 4.6 to 5.2 gram.
Rarity - Scarce
Mint - Almora
Obv - Crude version of " Vishnu paduka "with blundered Persian legend
Rev - Shah and in some coins with date.

Regards
Muhammad Sarwar khan
Jabalpur

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Offline Gusev

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Thanks, useful information.

It is likely that the British closed the Almora mint when they took over the administration of the area after the 1815 war.
"Those at the top of the mountain didn't fall there."- Marcus Washling.