Author Topic: Coinage of Ethiopia since 1977  (Read 228 times)

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Offline <k>

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Coinage of Ethiopia since 1977
« on: August 15, 2020, 06:00:51 PM »


Map of Ethiopia.





Ethiopia and its neighbours.



From Wikipedia:

With over 109 million inhabitants as of 2019, the Federal Democratic Republic of Ethiopia is the most populous landlocked country in the world and the second-most populous nation on the African continent after Nigeria. The country has a total area of 1,100,000 square kilometres (420,000 sq mi). Its capital and largest city is Addis Ababa, which lies a few miles west of the East African Rift that splits the country into the African and Somali tectonic plates. Ethiopian national identity is grounded in the historic and contemporary roles of Christianity and Islam, and the independence of Ethiopia from foreign rule, stemming from the various ancient Ethiopian kingdoms of antiquity.

During the late–19th-century Scramble for Africa, Ethiopia and Liberia were the only two nations that preserved their sovereignty from long-term colonisation by a European colonial power, and many newly independent nations on the continent subsequently adopted its flag colours. However, the country was later occupied by Italy in 1936 and became Italian Ethiopia (part of Italian East Africa), until it was liberated during World War II.

Ethiopia was also the first independent African member of the 20th-century League of Nations and the United Nations. In 1974, the Ethiopian monarchy under Haile Selassie was overthrown by the Derg, a communist military government backed by the Soviet Union. In 1987, the Derg established the People's Democratic Republic of Ethiopia, but it was overthrown in 1991 by the Ethiopian People's Revolutionary Democratic Front, which has been the ruling political coalition ever since.

Ethiopia and Eritrea use the ancient Ge'ez script, which is one of the oldest alphabets still in use in the world. They follow the Ethiopian calendar, which is approximately seven years and three months behind the Gregorian calendar. A majority of the population adheres to Christianity (mainly the Ethiopian Orthodox Tewahedo Church and P'ent'ay). Ethiopia is a multilingual nation, with around 80 ethnolinguistic groups, the four largest of which are the Oromo, Amhara, Somali and Tigrayans.

The country is a land of natural contrasts, with its vast fertile west, its forests and its numerous rivers, and the world's hottest settlement of Dallol in its north. The Ethiopian Highlands are the largest continuous mountain ranges in Africa. In the 1970s and 1980s, Ethiopia experienced civil conflicts and communist purges, which hindered its economy. The country has since recovered and as of 2010 has the largest economy (by GDP) in East Africa, as well as having the largest population in the region. Despite these improvements, it remains one of the world's poorest countries.
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Offline <k>

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Re: Coinage of Ethiopia since 1977
« Reply #1 on: August 15, 2020, 06:02:22 PM »



From Wikipedia:

The Emblem of Ethiopia has been in its current form since 1996. It contains a yellow interlaced pentagram radiating rays of light on a blue shield. Today, the pentagram stands for the unity of the people and nationality of the Federal Democratic Republic of Ethiopia.
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Offline <k>

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Re: Coinage of Ethiopia since 1977
« Reply #2 on: August 15, 2020, 06:06:10 PM »



From Wikipedia:

The national flag of Ethiopia was adopted on 31 October 1912. The three traditional colours of green, yellow and red date back to Iyasu V (reigned 1913–1916). The green recalls the land, yellow stands for peace and hope, and red is symbolic of strength.
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Re: Coinage of Ethiopia since 1977
« Reply #3 on: August 15, 2020, 06:14:12 PM »
In 1977 Ethiopia issued a new design series of coins. By this time Ethiopia was under the control of the Derg, a Soviet-backed Marxist–Leninist military dictatorship led by Mengistu Haile Mariam. The communist nature of the regime was reflected in the designs of the new coinage.

The coins were produced by the Royal Mint (UK). The designs were the work of Stuart Devlin.
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Re: Coinage of Ethiopia since 1977
« Reply #4 on: August 15, 2020, 08:56:44 PM »
The 1 santim coin is made of aluminium and is 17 mm in diameter.

The Ethiopian birr is subdivided into 100 santim. Birr means silver in the local languages, while the word santim derives from the French centime.


The common obverse of the coins depicts the Lion of Judah.

The reverse of the 1 santim depicts a farmer using two oxen to plough a field.
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Re: Coinage of Ethiopia since 1977
« Reply #5 on: August 15, 2020, 09:06:59 PM »
The 5 santim coin is made of brass-plated steel. The reverse design depicts a soldier of the People's Army.
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Re: Coinage of Ethiopia since 1977
« Reply #6 on: August 15, 2020, 09:11:18 PM »
Here you see how the obverse of the 5 santim coin looks, in brass-plated steel.
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Re: Coinage of Ethiopia since 1977
« Reply #7 on: August 15, 2020, 09:20:11 PM »
The 10 santim coin is made of brass-plated steel. The reverse design features a mountain nyala (Tragelaphus buxtoni).
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Re: Coinage of Ethiopia since 1977
« Reply #8 on: August 15, 2020, 09:26:33 PM »
The 25 santim coin is made of nickel-plated steel.

The reverse design shows a man and a woman, with hands raised and a clenched fist. Each is holding a tool in one hand. The effect of the design is exuberantly revolutionary.

In the background is a factory.
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Re: Coinage of Ethiopia since 1977
« Reply #9 on: August 15, 2020, 09:28:22 PM »
Here you see the obverse of the 25 santim coin.
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Re: Coinage of Ethiopia since 1977
« Reply #10 on: August 15, 2020, 09:52:11 PM »
The 50 santeem apparently comes in two varieties: copper-nickel and copper-nickel-plated steel.

Once again, we have a particularly revolutionary-looking design on the reverse, with a group of workers wielding variously a book, a gun, a hammer, a plough and a sickle.
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Re: Coinage of Ethiopia since 1977
« Reply #11 on: August 15, 2020, 10:05:59 PM »
In 2010 Ethiopia issued a new denomination, the 1 birr coin. It was bimetallic and 27 m in diameter.

Below you see the obverse of the coin.
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Re: Coinage of Ethiopia since 1977
« Reply #12 on: August 15, 2020, 10:07:52 PM »
The reverse of the coin featured the scales of justice.
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Re: Coinage of Ethiopia since 1977
« Reply #13 on: August 15, 2020, 10:09:30 PM »
That brings my survey up to date.

I am not knowledgeable about the different metal types of some of the coins or about the different mints that produced them. You may therefore like to discuss these questions.
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Re: Coinage of Ethiopia since 1977
« Reply #14 on: August 15, 2020, 10:17:08 PM »
Here is how the coins look together, in terms of size.
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