Author Topic: Coins of the British Commonwealth - Maldive Islands.  (Read 9137 times)

0 Members and 1 Guest are viewing this topic.

BC Numismatics

  • Guest
Coins of the British Commonwealth - Maldive Islands.
« on: July 06, 2007, 01:53:45 PM »
Here's a section that will be of interest to some of you.It is about the coins of the Maldive Islands,which have been issued since AH1304 (1887).The Maldive Islands became a monarchy under British protection in that year.The Maldive Islands became a republic for the first time between 1953 & 1954,when the monarchy was temporarily restored.The Maldive Islands became independent in 1965 outside the British Commonwealth.The current republic was declared in November 1968.The Maldive Islands returned to the British Commonwealth as a special member in 1982,& as a full member in 1984.

Here is a link; http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Coins_of_the_Maldive_Islands .

Aidan.

Offline Figleaf

  • Administrator
  • Honorary Member
  • *****
  • Posts: 31 173
Re: Coins of the British Commonwealth - Maldive Islands.
« Reply #1 on: July 06, 2007, 03:50:07 PM »
Maldive Island money existed before the Brits came in. Silver larin coins were introduced during the reign of Ibrahim Iskander bin Mohamed (1058-1098AH - 1648-1687AD). Before that, the money consisted of cowrie shells (Cypraea Moneta) and silver larin (fish hook money). The latter were described by Fran?ois Pyrard de Laval, a French sailor who was shipwreck and lived in the Maldives from 1602 to 1607: the king stamped silver wire coins called larins with his name in Arabic.

The silver content of the larin worsened continually. Under Mohammad Imad ud-din Muzaffar bin Mohammad (1116-1133AH - 1704-1721AD) the silver content was so low that copper would come through when the coins were worn. Under Ibrahim Iskander II bin Mohammad Imad (1133-1163AH - 1721-1750AD) the first copper larin and double lari appeared. All my coins from this period look like copper, though some should have had a low silver content. The picture shows the obverse of KM 20 - 2 lari 1168AH in the name of Mohammad Imad ud-din III al-Mukarram bin Mohammad (1163-1168AH - 1750-1754AD). These coins are thick, difficult to scan and to frame.

The British made the coinage of British India and Ceylon legal tender on the Maldives, but until 1319AH - 1902AD local coinage continued in Mal?, the capital. The coins dated 1331AH (1913AD) were struck in Birmingham, the 1379AH (1960AD) series were struck at the Royal Mint in London. All coins were struck at the request of the Sultan; since the British never interfered in the internal affairs of the island they are strictly speaking not British colonial coins. Post-independence issues are largely pseudo coins.

Peter
« Last Edit: July 07, 2007, 10:53:39 AM by Figleaf »
An unidentified coin is a piece of metal. An identified coin is a piece of history.

BC Numismatics

  • Guest
Coins of the British Commonwealth - Maldive Islands.
« Reply #2 on: July 07, 2007, 11:41:29 AM »
Peter,another coin that I will be getting is a 4 Laari dated AH1331 (1913),which is a thick copper coin that had eluded me for years.Unfortunately,there was no AH1379 (1960) 1 & 2 Laari,which are bronze coins,in this big collection that my boss bought.The AH1389 1 & 2 Laari ,which are aluminium coins,were in this collection.They are priced extremely cheaply in Krause,considering that I had never seen these 2 coins before.

If I were able to read Arabic on the coins issued between AH1304 (1887) & AH1331 (1913),I would know which Sultans issued which coins.

Aidan.

Offline Figleaf

  • Administrator
  • Honorary Member
  • *****
  • Posts: 31 173
Re: Coins of the British Commonwealth - Maldive Islands.
« Reply #3 on: July 07, 2007, 03:47:35 PM »
AFAIK there is no coin dated 1304, but there is a 1/4 larin 1300. Its date is sometimes mistaken for 1355, because the dots are relatively large and hollow. Responsible sultan was (hang in there) Ibrahim Nur ud-din Iskander bin Mohammad Imad ud-din (1300-1318AH - 1882-1900AD). The legend on the coins is in 4 lines: 'SULTAN/IBRAHIM/NUR UDDIN/ISKANDER. On the reverse is the standard 4 line legend: 'SULTAN/AL BAHR/SANAT 1300/WA AB BAHR - sultan of the land year 1300 and of the sea.

The 4 lari and 1 larin 1331 are struck in the name of Mohamad Shams ud-din III Iskander (1322-1353AH 1904-1935AD). The legend on these coins is 'SULTAN/MOHAMMAD/SHAMS/UDDIN/ISKANDER while the reverse is in five lines: 4/LARIAT/ZURIBA FI/MALEH/MALADIVE/1331 - 4 lari struck at Mal? Maldives. In spite of the legend, they were struck by The Mint, Birmingham Ltd. in Birmingham as subcontractor of the Royal Mint in London.

I can recommend Richard Plant's Arabic Coins and how to read them. The book is unfortunately hard to get and much in demand, so not cheap.

Peter
An unidentified coin is a piece of metal. An identified coin is a piece of history.

Offline africancoins

  • Meritorious Member
  • ****
  • Posts: 895
Re: Coins of the British Commonwealth - Maldive Islands.
« Reply #4 on: February 03, 2009, 11:37:16 PM »
Here are images of my 2007/1428 dated coins of the Maldives....

1 Rufiyaa, 2 Rufiyaa, "M.M.A." for "Maldives Monetary Authority" on the 1 Rufiyaa and "MALDIVES" (part of "REPUBLIC OF MALDIVES" one the edge of the 2 Rufiyaa.

Design details on these coins are slightly different than on the pieces of the previous date.

Thanks Mr Paul Baker

Offline africancoins

  • Meritorious Member
  • ****
  • Posts: 895
Re: Coins of the British Commonwealth - Maldive Islands.
« Reply #5 on: February 04, 2009, 09:00:21 PM »
The years in the AH dating system are shorter than ours of 365/366 days and so it will now be a long time until new coins will appear where AD and AH dates both have the same last digit. See the table of AH dates in a "Standard Catalog of World Coins".

Why have you writen some dates in brackets ?

Thanks Mr Paul Baker

Offline africancoins

  • Meritorious Member
  • ****
  • Posts: 895
Re: Coins of the British Commonwealth - Maldive Islands.
« Reply #6 on: February 04, 2009, 10:21:20 PM »
The "Standard Catalog of World Coins" - I have now checked - say (in the intro pages) how equivalent AD dates will be shown in brackets where a date from another system is the only one shown on a coins. So the intention is that dates on the coin are not in brackets.

Also of interest are the dates AD or AH for which more that one AD/AH pairing exists for one coin type. For example I have Tunisia 1 Franc 1926 with 1344 and also Tunisia 1 Franc 1926 with 1345. Thee are other examples of this on the coins of e.g. Kuwait and Algeria.

Thanks Mr Paul Baker

Offline CannedMeat

  • New Member
  • *
  • Posts: 21
Re: Coins of the British Commonwealth - Maldive Islands.
« Reply #7 on: September 04, 2020, 12:11:57 PM »
Also of interest are the dates AD or AH for which more that one AD/AH pairing exists for one coin type. For example I have Tunisia 1 Franc 1926 with 1344 and also Tunisia 1 Franc 1926 with 1345. Thee are other examples of this on the coins of e.g. Kuwait and Algeria.
Following up on an old post.

Egypt has several examples where the pairing between AH and AD isn't unique. There are some AH 1335 coins minted with AD dates of 1916 and 1917. Millieme KM# 376 has AH1373-1954, AH1374-1954, and AH1374-1955. Millieme KM# 375 is the same, and there are other examples.