Author Topic: The Netherlands Rare Medal First For humanity (Franco-Prussian War of 1870-1871  (Read 2317 times)

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Offline renos78

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1870-1871 Commemorative Medal of the Dutch Association for providing aid to sick and wounded soldiers in time of war
LE COMITE INTERNATIONAL

The Commemorative Medal 1870-1871 of the Dutch Association for providing aid to sick and wounded soldiers in time of war,  for understandable reasons, mostly "Medal King", was commissioned by King William III beaten. The king loved medals and created during his administration a large number of medals, art, charity or industry. The Dutch government was not involved in this royal patronage and by the reactionary king detested Ministerial responsibility was circumvented.

During the Franco-Prussian War of 1870-1871 was neutral Netherlands. In sympathy with the war victims claimed King William III the main committee of the Dutch Association for providing aid to sick and wounded soldiers in time of war (as the Dutch Red Cross then called) in possession of three hundred medals in bronze and cheap white metal to "be issued to those who during the war, according to the Association, and had been linked to the battle fields or in the hospitals have served.

Initiated by the engraver S. de Vries from The Hague were also legpenningen,  model wearing the medal, manufactured and sold to the public the benefit of war victims. Legpenningen These were available in gold, silver and bronze.

The decorated men worked as declared in Mannheim, Le Havre and "Dusseldorf", so on both sides of the front. The organizing committee in the Netherlands and Dutch East Indies were also decorated with the medals bedacht. Onder we find both the elite as the "deputy" Mr. HF Baron van Zuylen van Nyevelt as nurses. There are also many doctors of medicine and surgery, public health, medicine and healers, candidates in medicine and surgery and conductors of goods on the list. A number is decorated only stated that they "have been entrusted with special obligations verrig".

The bearers of the white metal medal are all women. The 19th century artists, making a strict distinction between men and women and are decorated in the list of "Women-nurses" as the Countess of Bylandt Hemmen of next-of Lijnden for nurses. There are also female "conductors of goods", deaconesses and two, apparently French, "Souer the Charity as" Ladies nurse "were graded.

Also in the Dutch East Indies resident Mrs WLCNieuwenhuijzen-Sijthoff of the Central Committee of chervil to Batavia in the granting of medals was not forgotten.



The design of the coin
It is a round medal with a picture on the front of a flag with the Cross of Geneva where above the year 1870 "is posted. Under the banner reads: "JOB.XXIV.12". In the edge lettering is a Latin quotation from the book of the Old Testament, "ANIMA VULNERATORUM CLAMAVIT" ( "The soul of the wounded cries out") with the date "22 AUGUST 1864 (the day the first Geneva Convention was signed ).The other side of the coin shows in the middle the arms of Geneva and a ribbon above the name of the city.  Under the shield is the date XXVI.OCT.1863 "to read. That was the date on which Henri Dunant the first International Conference on the care of war victims in Geneva summoned. Around the edge of the coin are the arms of those countries that in 1871 a national Red Cross organization had. These were Netherlands, Denmark, Spain, France, Hesse, Italy, Portugal, Prussia, Württemberg, Saxony, Austria, Bavaria, Sweden and Norway, the United Kingdom, the United States of America, Egypt, Russia, Switzerland, Belgium and the Grand Duchy Baden


Medal Bronze diameter       of  4,2 Centimeters (40mm)
                   thickness     of  0,4 Centimeters
                   weight         of  50 grams

Offline Medalstrike

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Thank you for this detailed historical information, and show these nice Medal.

Dietmar
The third side of a medal rests in the eye of the beholder

Offline Figleaf

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Managed to miss this medal. Very interesting piece with an excellent and detailed description. Thanks for posting.

Peter
An unidentified coin is a piece of metal. An identified coin is a piece of history.