Author Topic: Turks dynasty of Dehli, D0026, Taj al-Din Yildiz, BI Jital, Lahore, star verity  (Read 90 times)

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Offline sarwar khan

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After the death of Sultan Mu'izz al-Din Muhammad, two factions arose in the Ghurid Empire; a faction of Turkic ghulams, who supported Mu'izz's nephew Ghiyath al-Din Mahmud, while the other faction consisted of native Iranian soldiers, who supported the Ghurid ruler of Bamiyan, Baha al-Din Sam II. Baha al-Din Sam II, however, died after a few days later, which made the Iranian soldiers support his two sons Jalal al-Din Ali and Ala al-Din Muhammad. Ghiyath, however, managed to emerge victorious during the struggle, and became the ruler of Firuzkuh. Meanwhile, Yildiz seized Ghazni from the Ghurid rulers of Bamiyan, but shortly recognized the authority of Ghiyath.

Ghiyath, not glad about Tajuddin controlling Ghazni, and not daring to leave Ghur unprotected, requested help from the Khwarazmian Muhammad II. Muhammad, however, instead invaded the domains of Ghiyath, capturing Balkh and Tirmidh. In 1208, the semi-independent Ghurid governor of India, Qutb-ud-din Aibak, attacked and occupied Ghazni, but was defeated by Yildiz forty days later.

In 1214, Yildiz killed Ala al-Din Atsiz, and put the latter's cousin Ala al-Din Ali on the Ghurid throne as his puppet. However, one year later, Muhammad II conquered Firuzkuh and captured Ala al-Din Ali; he shortly marched to Ghazni, where he decisively defeated Yildiz, who fled to Punjab and captured Lahore from Nasir-ud-Din Qabacha. Yildiz later fought the Turkic ruler Iltutmish, and laid claim to the throne of Delhi as the heir to Mu'izz al-Din Muhammad. Iltutmish refused. The two armies met at Tarain in January 1216. Yildiz was defeated and taken by Iltutmish, and after being led through the streets of Delhi was sent to Budaun, where he was put to death in the same year. After the fall of Yildiz, Qabacha again occupied Lahore.

Details about the coin :-
Sultan -  Taj al-Din Yildiz ( 1206-1215  AD )
Denomination - BI Jital
Obv - al-sultan al-mu ‘azzam abu ‘l fath yildiz al-sultan,
Rev - horseman to right; sri hamira above,
Mint -  Lahore
Rarity - Scarce
Weight - 3.6 gram
Metal: Billon

Regards
Muhammad sarwar khan
Jabalpur
Madhya pradesh

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Offline THCoins

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Nice specimen with both the star and the backside of the horse visible.
You give the legend as "al-sultan / al-mu ‘azzam / abu ‘l fath yildiz / al-sultan". That's  the traditional reading. Your coins shows the largest part of both the upper and lower "Sultan". It seems that the end of these is not written the same ?  I wonder if the lower line might alternatively might be read as "Sultani" ?

Offline sarwar khan

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Nice specimen with both the star and the backside of the horse visible.
You give the legend as "al-sultan / al-mu ‘azzam / abu ‘l fath yildiz / al-sultan". That's  the traditional reading. Your coins shows the largest part of both the upper and lower "Sultan". It seems that the end of these is not written the same ?  I wonder if the lower line might alternatively might be read as "Sultani" ?
Thanks THcoins sir , your right but I have seen in many book in which this legend used for this coin

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