Author Topic: Coinage of modern Somalia  (Read 1607 times)

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Offline <k>

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Coinage of modern Somalia
« on: March 27, 2019, 04:29:55 PM »


Map of Somalia.



From Wikipedia:

The Federal Republic of Somalia is a country with its territory located in the Horn of Africa. The capital is Mogadishu. Somalia has the longest coastline on Africa's mainland, and its terrain consists mainly of plateaus, plains and highlands. Climatically, hot conditions prevail year-round, with periodic monsoon winds and irregular rainfall.

Somalia has an estimated population of around 14.3 million. Around 85% of its residents are ethnic Somalis, who have historically inhabited the northern part of the country. Ethnic minorities are largely concentrated in the southern regions. The official languages of Somalia are Somali and Arabic, both of which belong to the Afroasiatic family. Most people in the country are Muslim, with the majority being Sunni.

In antiquity, Somalia was an important commercial centre. During the Middle Ages, several powerful Somali empires dominated the regional trade, including the Ajuran Empire, the Adal Sultanate, the Warsangali Sultanate, and the Sultanate of the Geledi.

In the late 19th century, through a succession of treaties with these kingdoms, the British and Italian empires gained control of parts of the coast and established the colonies of British Somaliland and Italian Somaliland. In the interior, Mohammed Abdullah Hassan's Darwiish repelled the British Empire four times and forced it to retreat to the coastal region, before succumbing to defeat in 1920 by British air power. Italy acquired full control of the northeastern, central and southern parts of the area after successfully waging the so-called Campaign of the Sultanates. Italian occupation lasted until 1941, yielding to British military administration (BMAS). British Somaliland would remain a protectorate, while Italian Somaliland in 1949 became a United Nations Trusteeship under Italian administration, the Trust Territory of Somaliland. In 1960, the two regions united to form the independent Somali Republic under a civilian government.
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Offline <k>

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Re: Coinage of modern Somalia
« Reply #1 on: March 27, 2019, 04:31:37 PM »



The coat of arms of Somalia were adopted on October 10, 1956. The leopards which support the shield and the white star were also found on the coat of arms used in Italian Somaliland. Leopards are very common in the Somali culture.
Visit the website of The Royal Mint Museum.

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Offline <k>

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Re: Coinage of modern Somalia
« Reply #2 on: March 27, 2019, 04:34:00 PM »


Flag of Somalia.



From Wikipedia:

As an ethnic flag, the five-pointed white Star of Unity in its center represents the areas where the Somali ethnic group has traditionally resided, namely Djibouti, Somaliland (former British occupied land), the Ogaden region in Ethiopia, the North Eastern Province in Kenya, and southern Somalia (former Italian colony). The Somali flag's light blue backdrop was originally influenced by the flag of the United Nations, in recognition of the UN's role in Somalia's transition to independence during the trusteeship period. However, it now officially denotes the sky as well as the Gulf of Aden, Guardafui Channel and Somali sea, which flank the country.
Visit the website of The Royal Mint Museum.

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Offline <k>

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Re: Coinage of modern Somalia
« Reply #3 on: March 27, 2019, 04:37:07 PM »
From Wikipedia:

The shilling has been the currency of parts of Somalia since 1921, when the East African shilling was introduced to the former British Somaliland protectorate. Following independence in 1960, the somalo of Italian Somaliland and the East African shilling (which were equal in value) were replaced at par in 1962 by the Somali shilling.

In 1967, coins were issued in the name of the Somali Republic in denominations of 5, 10 and 50 cents/centesimi and 1 shilling/scellino.
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Re: Coinage of modern Somalia
« Reply #4 on: March 27, 2019, 04:39:13 PM »
Here you see the reverse of the brass 5 centesimi coin of 1967.
Visit the website of The Royal Mint Museum.

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Re: Coinage of modern Somalia
« Reply #5 on: March 27, 2019, 04:40:13 PM »
Here you see the brass 10 centesimi coin of 1967. The coin series had a common obverse that featured the national emblem.
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Re: Coinage of modern Somalia
« Reply #6 on: March 27, 2019, 04:41:45 PM »
The reverse of the 50 centesimi coin, which was minted in copper-nickel.
Visit the website of The Royal Mint Museum.

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Re: Coinage of modern Somalia
« Reply #7 on: March 27, 2019, 04:42:37 PM »
The 1 shilling coin of 1967, which was also made of copper-nickel.
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Re: Coinage of modern Somalia
« Reply #8 on: March 27, 2019, 04:50:08 PM »
In 1976, when the Somali names for the denominations were introduced, coins were issued in the name of the Somali Democratic Republic for 5, 10 and 50 senti and 1 shilling.

Below you see the obverse of the aluminium 5 senti coin of 1976.
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Re: Coinage of modern Somalia
« Reply #9 on: March 27, 2019, 04:51:20 PM »
The FAO-themed reverse design of the 5 senti coin featured fruit of the land.
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Re: Coinage of modern Somalia
« Reply #10 on: March 27, 2019, 04:54:09 PM »
The obverse of the aluminium 10 senti coin of 1976.
Visit the website of The Royal Mint Museum.

See: The Royal Mint Museum.

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Re: Coinage of modern Somalia
« Reply #11 on: March 27, 2019, 04:55:11 PM »
The FAO-themed reverse design of the 10 senti coin featured a lamb.
Visit the website of The Royal Mint Museum.

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Re: Coinage of modern Somalia
« Reply #12 on: March 27, 2019, 04:56:24 PM »
The obverse of the copper-nickel 50 senti coin of 1976.
Visit the website of The Royal Mint Museum.

See: The Royal Mint Museum.

Offline <k>

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Re: Coinage of modern Somalia
« Reply #13 on: March 27, 2019, 04:57:02 PM »
The FAO-themed reverse design of the 50 senti coin featured fruit of the land.
Visit the website of The Royal Mint Museum.

See: The Royal Mint Museum.

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Re: Coinage of modern Somalia
« Reply #14 on: March 27, 2019, 04:59:16 PM »
The obverse of the copper-nickel 1 shilin coin of 1976.
Visit the website of The Royal Mint Museum.

See: The Royal Mint Museum.