Author Topic: Kenya's coinage since independence  (Read 1198 times)

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Offline <k>

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Kenya's coinage since independence
« on: January 02, 2019, 04:37:32 PM »

Kenya's location in East Africa.




Map of Kenya.



From Wikipedia:

The Republic of Kenya is a country in Africa with its capital and largest city in Nairobi. Kenya's territory lies on the equator and overlies the East African Rift, covering a diverse and expansive terrain that extends roughly from Lake Victoria to Lake Turkana (formerly called Lake Rudolf) and further south-east to the Indian Ocean.

The British Empire established a protectorate over Kenya in 1895, followed by the Kenya Colony in 1920. Kenya gained independence in December 1963 but has remained a member of the Commonwealth of Nations.

Kenya's economy is the largest in eastern and central Africa, with Nairobi serving as a major regional commercial hub. Kenya had a population of approximately 48 million people in January 2017. Kenya has a young population, with 73% of residents aged below 30 years because of rapid population growth.
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Offline <k>

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Re: Kenya's coinage since independence
« Reply #1 on: January 02, 2019, 04:40:50 PM »
From Wikipedia:

The coat of arms of Kenya features two lions, a symbol of protection, holding spears and a traditional East African shield. The shield and spears symbolize unity and defence of freedom. The shield contains the national colours, representing:

Black for the people of Kenya.
Red for the struggle for freedom.
Green for the agriculture and natural resources.
White for unity and peace.

On the shield is a rooster holding an axe while moving forward, portraying authority, the will to work, success, and the break of a new dawn. It is also the symbol of the Kenya African National Union (KANU) party that led the country to independence.

The shield and lions stand on a silhouette of Mount Kenya containing in the foreground examples of Kenya agricultural produce - coffee, pyrethrum, sisal, tea, maize and pineapples.

The coat of arms is supported by a scroll upon which is written the word 'Harambee'. In Swahili, Harambee means "pulling together" or "all for one".
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Offline <k>

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Re: Kenya's coinage since independence
« Reply #2 on: January 02, 2019, 04:44:10 PM »
From Wikipedia:

The flag of Kenya is a tricolour of black, red, and green with two white edges imposed with a red, white and black Maasai shield and two crossed spears. The flag is based on that of Kenya African National Union and was officially adopted on 12 December 1963 after Kenya's independence.

The colour black represents the people of the Republic of Kenya, red for the blood shed during the fight for independence, and green for the country's landscape and natural wealth. The white fimbriation was added later to symbolise peace and honesty. The black, red, and white traditional Maasai shield and two spears symbolise the defence of all the things mentioned above.
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Offline <k>

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Re: Kenya's coinage since independence
« Reply #3 on: January 02, 2019, 05:04:16 PM »

East African currency union: 50 cents coin of 1954.



After gaining independence in 1963, Kenya continued to use the East African shilling until 14 September 1966. That currency had also served Uganda and Tanzania, prior to their independence.

See also: British Empire: East Africa and Uganda Protectorates.
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Re: Kenya's coinage since independence
« Reply #4 on: January 02, 2019, 05:07:52 PM »

Jomo Kenyatta.



Jomo Kenyatta (c. 1890s – 1978) served as the first Prime Minister (1963–1964) and President (1964–1978) of Kenya. He is considered the founding father of the Kenyan nation. In 1947 he was elected president of the Kenya African Union, but in 1952 he was arrested and charged with being a member of the Mau Mau Society. He was imprisoned from 1953 to 1960 but was admitted into the Legislative Council after his release in 1961. In 1961 and 1962 he led the KANU delegation to first and second Lancaster Conference in London where Kenya's independence constitution was negotiated.

Elections were held in May 1963, which KANU won. On 1 June 1963, Kenyatta became prime minister of the autonomous Kenyan government, with Queen Elizabeth II remaining as Head of State, styled "Queen of Kenya". Kenyatta consistently asked white settlers not to leave Kenya and supported reconciliation. He retained the role of prime minister after independence was declared on 12 December 1963. On 1 June 1964, Kenyatta became President when he successfully had Parliament amend the Constitution to make Kenya a republic with his office becoming executive President: the head of State, head of Government, and Commander-in-Chief of the armed forces. On 10 November 1964, KADU officially dissolved and its representatives joined KANU, forming a single party.

On 22 August 1978, President Kenyatta died in Mombasa of natural causes attributable to old age.

See Wikipedia: Jomo Kenyatta.
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Re: Kenya's coinage since independence
« Reply #5 on: January 02, 2019, 05:16:02 PM »
From Wikipedia:

On 14 September 1966, the Kenyan shilling replaced the East African shilling at par, although the latter was not demonetised until 1969.

The first coins were issued in 1966 in denominations of 5, 10, 25 and 50 cents, and 1 and 2 shillings; 25-cent coins were not minted after 1969 (except in the 1973 set); 2-shilling coins were last minted in 1971 (except in the 1973 set). The portrait of Jomo Kenyatta, the first president of Kenya, originally appeared on the obverse of all of independent Kenya's coins.




The coins were produced at the Royal Mint (UK). The designs were the work of Norman Sillman.

See also: Circulation coins where one side has neither text nor numerals.

 
« Last Edit: March 17, 2019, 09:07:25 PM by <k> »
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Re: Kenya's coinage since independence
« Reply #6 on: January 02, 2019, 05:24:50 PM »
The 5 cent coins were made of nickel-brass.
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Re: Kenya's coinage since independence
« Reply #7 on: January 02, 2019, 05:26:37 PM »
The 10 cent coins were also made of nickel-brass.
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Re: Kenya's coinage since independence
« Reply #8 on: January 02, 2019, 05:30:44 PM »
The higher denominations, from the 25 cents coin upwards, were made of copper-nickel.
« Last Edit: March 17, 2019, 09:25:03 PM by <k> »
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Re: Kenya's coinage since independence
« Reply #9 on: January 02, 2019, 05:36:27 PM »
The obverse of the 50 cents coin. The coat of arms appeared on all the obverses, while President Kenyatta appeared on all the reverses.

Here, I am taking the obverse as the side that shows the country name.
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Re: Kenya's coinage since independence
« Reply #10 on: January 02, 2019, 05:39:16 PM »

The 1 shilling coin.
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Re: Kenya's coinage since independence
« Reply #11 on: January 02, 2019, 05:43:06 PM »

The same design format was repeated on the 2 shillings coin, which was the highest denomination at that time.

 
« Last Edit: March 16, 2019, 11:27:50 PM by <k> »
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Re: Kenya's coinage since independence
« Reply #12 on: January 02, 2019, 05:46:35 PM »
In 1969, a legend was added to the reverse of all the coins, showing Kenyatta's full name and status.



See also:

1] Cents without dollars, shillings and pounds without pence.

2] Circulation sets with a common obverse and a common reverse.

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Re: Kenya's coinage since independence
« Reply #13 on: January 02, 2019, 10:11:49 PM »

Daniel Toroitich arap Moi (born 1924) was the President of Kenya from 1978 to 2002. Previously, under President Jomo Kenyatta, he was Vice-President from 1967 to 1978; he succeeded Kenyatta as President upon the latter's death. Moi was constitutionally barred from running in the 2002 presidential elections. He was succeeded as president by Mwai Kibaki.

See Wikipedia: Daniel arap Moi

 
« Last Edit: June 12, 2019, 06:27:41 AM by <k> »
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Re: Kenya's coinage since independence
« Reply #14 on: January 02, 2019, 10:21:44 PM »

Kenya, 5 shillings, 1985, showing Arap Moi's portrait.



Coins bearing Kenyatta's portrait were still issued in 1978, since he did not die until August of that year. Coins bearing President Moi's portrait were then issued, also with the year 1978. Norman Sillman, who had produced the portrait of Kenyatta, also produced the portrait of Moi that appears on the coins.

Under Moi, a new denomination was added: the 5 shillings coin. It was heptagonal and had the same dimensions of the UK 50 pence coin of the time, since it was produced at the Royal Mint (UK).



See also:

1] An Alphabet of Heptagons: Seven-sided Coins.

2] Heraldic, mythical, national and symbolic lions.
Visit the website of The Royal Mint Museum.

See: The Royal Mint Museum.