Author Topic: Ahmed shah Abdali- first occupation of delhi  (Read 230 times)

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Offline abhinumis

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Ahmed shah Abdali- first occupation of delhi
« on: December 23, 2018, 02:28:41 PM »
Hi all, posting an important historical coin. Hope you all will not get bored reading the write up.I tried to make it as concise as possible
Ahmed shah Abdali (Durrani). Shahjahanabad mint(Delhi). 1170AH/Ry11. First occupation of Delhi.
The Afghan ruler invaded India 5 times during his reign. Though the first 3 invasion was confined to the areas of Punjab, his last 2 invasion included  occupation of Delhi(known as Shahjahanabad) thrice.

This coin issued in 1757AD(1170AH) was issued by the Afghan ruled during his first occupation of Delhi. He entered Delhi in January 1757 and  kept the Mughal emperor Alamgir ii under arrest. He sacked and plundered Delhi. Similarily the holy cities of Mathura and Vrindavan were plundered and suffered widespread destruction. When he left in April 1757, due to outbreak of Cholera, he reinstated Alamgir ii as titular head. However Abdali appointed his agent Najib ud Dawla as 'Mir Bakshi' and made him de-facto ruler of Delhi. These political events play an important role leading upto 3rd battle of Panipat.

The couplet reads "Hukm shod az qadir-i-bechun ba-Ahmad badshah

Sikkah zan bar sim-o-zar az auj-i-mahi ta ba-mah" which translates in English as

 "Command came from God, the inscrutable, to Ahmad the King,

Strike coin on silver and gold from the top of fish (depths of the sea) to the moon"
Dr.Abhishek

Offline asm

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Re: Ahmed shah Abdali- first occupation of delhi
« Reply #1 on: December 24, 2018, 06:05:16 AM »
Nice and Historically important coin.

Amit
"It Is Better To Light A Candle Than To Curse The Darkness"

Offline abhinumis

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Re: Ahmed shah Abdali- first occupation of delhi
« Reply #2 on: December 24, 2018, 11:05:12 AM »
It is.. These coins stand testimony to great upheaval in Mughal politics in Delhi. Also these coins also understates the reasons why Mughal emperor became weak and remained a titular head in later times.
Cheers
Dr.Abhishek

Online Figleaf

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Re: Ahmed shah Abdali- first occupation of delhi
« Reply #3 on: December 24, 2018, 12:02:51 PM »
Excellent coin and an important historical document indeed. Yet, I would argue that the rot in the Mughal empire had already set in earlier, as evidenced by Nader Shah's invasion of India and sack of Delhi. This coin is a fine indication of on the one hand that the rot had not stopped and on the other hand that India had become an ATM for the Durranis.

Peter
An unidentified coin is a piece of metal. An identified coin is a piece of history.

Offline abhinumis

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Re: Ahmed shah Abdali- first occupation of delhi
« Reply #4 on: December 26, 2018, 06:51:10 AM »
You hit the nail on the head! The durranis did view Hindostan as ATM.
Dr.Abhishek

Offline asm

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Re: Ahmed shah Abdali- first occupation of delhi
« Reply #5 on: December 27, 2018, 08:06:04 AM »
... The durranis did view Hindostan as ATM.
Why only Duranis? Every invader that invaded / came to India came looking for riches - whether it was Muhammad Gazni or muhammad Ghori, the Duranis or the British / Dutch / French / Portuguese. All of them, without exception were in India looking for fortunes ..........

Amit
"It Is Better To Light A Candle Than To Curse The Darkness"

Offline jaspersaini

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Re: Ahmed shah Abdali- first occupation of delhi
« Reply #6 on: December 27, 2018, 05:24:03 PM »
The Sikh wise words were coined during this period " Khaada peeta laahe da, baaaki Ahmad Shaahe da" - What you can consume may be of some benefit to you, the rest is taken away by Ahmed Shah.
Here is a web link about Ahmed Shah Abdali : http://www.sikhiwiki.org/index.php/Ahmad_Shah_Durrani