Author Topic: Coinage of Albania under Italian occupation  (Read 1418 times)

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Offline <k>

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Re: Coinage of Albania under Italian occupation
« Reply #15 on: November 27, 2018, 04:46:23 PM »
From Wikipedia:

In October 1940, Albania served as a staging ground for an unsuccessful Italian invasion of Greece. A counterattack resulted in a sizable portion of southern Albania coming under Greek military control until April 1941 when Greece capitulated during the German invasion.

After the fall of Yugoslavia and Greece in April 1941, the Italian government began negotiations with Germany, Bulgaria, and the newly established client state, the Independent State of Croatia, on defining their borders. In April Mussolini called for the borders of Albania to be expanded – including annexing Montenegro into Albania that would have an autonomous government within Albania, and expanding Albania's border eastwards, though not as far as the Vardar river as some had proposed – citing that Ohrid should be left to the Slavic Macedonians, regardless of whether Vardar Macedonia would become an independent state or be annexed by Bulgaria.

In April 1941, territories of Yugoslavia with substantial Albanian population were annexed to Albania inclusively western Macedonia, a strip of eastern Montenegro, the town of Tutin in central Serbia and most of Kosovo. However the Italian government changed its positions on the border throughout April, later supporting the annexation of Ohrid while giving the territory lying directly outside of Ochrid (including the sacred birthplace of Saint Clement) to the Slavic Macedonians. After a period of negotiations Italy's new Balkan borders – including Albania's new borders, were declared by royal decree on 7 June 1941.


Below are two maps that make the situation clearer.
Visit the website of The Royal Mint Museum.

See: The Royal Mint Museum.

Offline <k>

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Re: Coinage of Albania under Italian occupation
« Reply #16 on: November 27, 2018, 04:52:33 PM »
From Wikipedia:

After the Italian capitulation in September 1943, the country was occupied by the Germans until the end of the war. Germans started to occupy the country in September 1943. They subsequently announced that they would recognize the independence of a neutral Albania and set about organizing a new government, military and law enforcement. Balli Kombëtar, a nationalist movement which had fought against Italy, formed a neutral government and side by side with the Germans fought against the communist-led National Liberation Movement of Albania.

During the last years of the war, the country fell into a civil war-like state between the communists and nationalists. The communist however defeated the last anti-communist forces in the south in 1944. Before the end of November, the main German troops had withdrawn from Tirana, and the communists took control by attacking it. The partisans entirely liberated the country from German occupation on 29 November 1944. A provisional government, which the communists had formed at Berat in October, administered Albania with Enver Hoxha as the head of government.
Visit the website of The Royal Mint Museum.

See: The Royal Mint Museum.

Offline <k>

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Re: Coinage of Albania under Italian occupation
« Reply #17 on: November 27, 2018, 04:53:29 PM »
Visit the website of The Royal Mint Museum.

See: The Royal Mint Museum.

Offline <k>

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Re: Coinage of Albania under Italian occupation
« Reply #18 on: November 28, 2018, 02:15:05 PM »
It was difficult to find any clear pictures of how Albanian officials looked, under the Fascist regime. Here, however, is a photo of some Albanian militia members in 1940.
Visit the website of The Royal Mint Museum.

See: The Royal Mint Museum.