Author Topic: The decimal coinage of Fiji  (Read 1371 times)

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Online <k>

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The decimal coinage of Fiji
« on: November 02, 2018, 11:31:57 PM »

Australasia and the Pacific Islands




Map of Fiji



From Wikipedia:

Fiji is an island country in Melanesia, part of Oceania in the South Pacific Ocean. The two major islands, Viti Levu and Vanua Levu, account for 87% of the total population of 898,760. The capital, Suva (on Viti Levu), serves as Fiji's principal cruise port. About three-quarters of Fijians live on Viti Levu's coasts, either in Suva or in smaller urban centres like Nadi (with tourism being the major industry) or Lautoka (sugar cane industry).

Europeans visited Fiji from the 17th century, and, after a brief period as an independent kingdom, the British established the Colony of Fiji in 1874. Fiji was a Crown colony until 1970, when it gained independence as the Dominion of Fiji. Fiji has one of the most developed economies in the Pacific due to an abundance of forest, mineral, and fish resources. Today, the main sources of foreign exchange are its tourist industry and sugar exports.

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Re: The decimal coinage of Fiji
« Reply #1 on: November 02, 2018, 11:36:02 PM »

Fiji's coat of arms



From Wikipedia:

The coat of arms of Fiji consists of a shield divided quarterly by Cross of St. George and charged with a gold lion at the top, supported by two Fijian warriors, one on each side, and topped with a canoe as the crest. Adopted in 1908 by a Royal Warrant, it has been the coat of arms of Fiji since that year, having been retained after independence in 1970.

The Cross of St. George—which divides the shield quarterly—and the golden lion at the top represent the United Kingdom, the former colonial power that ruled over Fiji. The cacao pod held in the lion's paw, along with the sugarcane, coconut palm and bananas occupying three of the four quadrants, represent the country's natural resources, since these are key agricultural crops in Fiji. The bottom left quadrant contains a dove that symbolizes peace – this was utilized on the country's flag during the reign of King Cakobau, whose government was the last before the commencement of British rule.

The crest at the top depicts a takia—a traditional Fijian canoe—while the supporters grasping the shield on both sides are Fijian warriors.According to legend, they are twins; the older brother is clutching a spear, while the younger one holds a war club. At the bottom is the country's motto: Fear God and honour the King (Fijian: Rerevaka na kalou ka doka na Tui).

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Re: The decimal coinage of Fiji
« Reply #2 on: November 02, 2018, 11:39:39 PM »

Fiji's flag



From Wikipedia:

The national flag of Fiji was adopted on 10 October 1970. The state arms have been slightly modified but the flag has remained the same as during Fiji's colonial period. It is a defaced sky-blue "Blue Ensign" (the actual Blue Ensign version of the flag is the Government ensign). It has remained unchanged since Fiji was declared a republic in 1987, despite calls from some politicians for changes. A plan to change the flag, announced by Prime Minister Frank Bainimarama in 2013, was abandoned in August 2016.

The flag's bright blue background symbolizes the Pacific Ocean. The Union Jack reflects the country's links with the United Kingdom. The shield is derived from the country's coat of arms, which was granted by Royal Warrant in 1908. It is a white shield with a red cross and a red chief (upper third of a shield). The images depicted on the shield represent agricultural activities on the islands, and the historical associations with the United Kingdom. At the top of the shield, a British lion holds a cocoa pod between its paws. The upper left is sugar cane, upper right is a coconut palm, the lower left a dove of peace, and the lower right a bunch of bananas.

The flag is very similar to the colonial ensign used prior to independence, the main differences being the latter used a darker shade of blue and displayed the entire Fijian coat of arms as opposed to just the shield. While some reformists have called for the removal of the Union Flag, seeing it a British colonial emblem, others support its retention for the sake of historical continuity. The flags of five other independent countries (see Flags of Australia, Cook Islands, New Zealand, Niue, and Tuvalu articles) retain the Union Flag in their national flags. But of these, only Fiji is a republic. The Union flag also remains on the state flag of Hawaii, a state of the USA since 1959.

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Re: The decimal coinage of Fiji
« Reply #3 on: November 02, 2018, 11:44:44 PM »
Prior to 1969, Fiji used the Fijian pound, but it adopted a decimal system in 1969.

From Wikipedia:

The Fijian dollar (currency sign: FJ$, $; currency code: FJD) has been the currency of Fiji since 1969 and was also the currency between 1867 and 1873. It is normally abbreviated with the dollar sign $, or alternatively FJ$ to distinguish it from other dollar-denominated currencies. It is divided into 100 cents.



The first decimal coins were issued in 1969. The common obverse bore Arnold Machin's portrait of Queen Elizabeth II, who was head of state at that time. The reverse of the 1 cent coin showed a tanoa, a traditional Fijian drinking bowl.

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Re: The decimal coinage of Fiji
« Reply #4 on: November 02, 2018, 11:47:39 PM »
A tanoa.

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Re: The decimal coinage of Fiji
« Reply #5 on: November 02, 2018, 11:48:28 PM »
The reverse of the 2 cents coin featured a traditional Fijian fan.

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Re: The decimal coinage of Fiji
« Reply #6 on: November 02, 2018, 11:49:06 PM »
A traditional Fijian fan.

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Re: The decimal coinage of Fiji
« Reply #7 on: November 02, 2018, 11:50:52 PM »
The 5 cents coin featured a lali drum, as traditionally used by Fijian warriors, on the reverse.

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Re: The decimal coinage of Fiji
« Reply #8 on: November 02, 2018, 11:51:28 PM »
A Fijian warrior beating the lali drum.

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Re: The decimal coinage of Fiji
« Reply #9 on: November 02, 2018, 11:52:57 PM »
The reverse of the 10 cents featured an ula tavatava. This was a traditional warrior's throwing club.

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Re: The decimal coinage of Fiji
« Reply #10 on: November 02, 2018, 11:53:40 PM »
An ula tavatava, a traditional warrior's throwing club.

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Re: The decimal coinage of Fiji
« Reply #11 on: November 02, 2018, 11:56:30 PM »
The 20 cents featured a tabua on its reverse. This was a ceremonial whale’s tooth on a chain.

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Re: The decimal coinage of Fiji
« Reply #12 on: November 02, 2018, 11:56:59 PM »
From Wikipedia:

A tabua is a polished tooth of a sperm whale that is an important cultural item in Fijian society. They were traditionally given as gifts for atonement or esteem (called sevusevu), and were important in negotiations between rival chiefs.

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Re: The decimal coinage of Fiji
« Reply #13 on: November 03, 2018, 12:03:37 AM »






The first Fijian decimal coins were produced by the Royal Mint, UK. The reverse designs of the coins were the work of Fijian artist Kenneth Payne. They were modelled by Royal Mint artist Geoffrey Colley.

A 50 cents coin was not produced until 1975. It was a 12-sided coin made of copper-nickel. Its reverse design of a Fijian outrigger boat was also the work of Kenneth Payne. This coin was produced at the Royal Australian Mint.

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Re: The decimal coinage of Fiji
« Reply #14 on: November 03, 2018, 12:18:39 AM »
From Wikipedia:

Democratic rule was interrupted by two military coups in 1987, precipitated by a growing perception that the government was dominated by the Indo-Fijian (Indian) community. The second 1987 coup saw both the Fijian monarchy and the Governor General replaced by a non-executive president and the name of the country changed from Dominion of Fiji to Republic of Fiji and then in 1997 to Republic of the Fiji Islands. The two coups and the accompanying civil unrest contributed to heavy Indo-Fijian emigration; the resulting population loss resulted in economic difficulties and ensured that Melanesians became the majority.

Despite this, Fiji continued to use the Queen's portraits on its coins for many years. It adopted Raphael Maklouf's portrait of the Queen in 1986. In 1995 Fiji issued its first circulation dollar coin. It was made of aluminium-bronze, with a polygonal inner rim. By now the Royal Canadian Mint was also minting coins for Fiji, and it provided the reverse design, which depicts a saqamoli, a native ceramic water bottle.