Author Topic: From the Samanids to the Qarakhanids in copper. IV. Some early QA  (Read 183 times)

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Offline Pellinore

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A few fulus from the first 15 years of the Qarakhanids.

1. AE fals Qarakhanids, Nasr b. Ali, Ferghana 386 AH. Obv. sharp triangle. Rev. 3 longer lines and two short ones in stipple circle. 27.5 mm, 2.68 gr. Not in Cannito.
2. AE fals Qarakhanids. Ilaq 386 AH. Nasr b. Ali & Yagan-tegin Muhammad b. Ali. Obv. a very high word in a circle, surrounded by two concentric circles of words. Rev. 3 lines in circle surrounded by text. 26.5 mm, 3.59 gr.
3. AE fals Qarakhanids. Ahmad b. Ali, Ilaq. About 388 AH. Obv. triangle in a circle, a small circle in it. Rev. 4 lines of text in a circle under ‘Allah’ and over the word ‘bakh’. 27 mm, 3.68 gr.
4. AE fals Qarakhanids. Yusuf b. Abd Allah, Shash, 394/ 1004. Decorative circle of cursive esses. 26.5 mm, 2.65 gr.
5. AE fals Qarakhanids. Yusuf b. Abd Allah, Shash, 395/ 1005. Circle in square (old tv-set). 23 mm, 1.25 gr. Small and thin. A-3306A?, Kochnev-159.
6. AE fals Qarakhanids. Ferghana, 399/ 1009. Nasr b. Ali. Both sides with a broad blank circle, encompassing a smaller circle with text, with each three lines in the middle. 28.5 mm, 2.99 gr.

-- Paul

Offline Figleaf

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Re: From the Samanids to the Qarakhanids in copper. IV. Some early QA
« Reply #1 on: November 02, 2018, 10:31:34 AM »
The outlier in this jaw-dropping series is the second one, with a sword and a bow/arrow. The sword as a symbol of power is clear enough. Note, though that the sword  is straight, like a Macedonian sword, not a curved scimitar. The bow is a throwback to much earlier times. Alexander the Great used the bow as a symbol for war and peace. On later coins, the king is shown as or with an archer, so that it is reasonable to presume that the bow had become a power symbol also. The symbols are unsurprising in that sense, but the point is that the symbolism is pre-Islamic.

An unidentified coin is a piece of metal. An identified coin is a piece of history.

Offline THCoins

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Re: From the Samanids to the Qarakhanids in copper. IV. Some early QA
« Reply #2 on: November 02, 2018, 06:42:11 PM »
On the second one,
a very high word in a circle
on the specimen with the sword and bow, i'd guess that the center text reads "Saif al-Dawla".
That's a well known contemporary title which means "Sword of the state". (I still have a bit of Qarakhanid script style dyslexia)
The same title was also granted to Ghaznavid ruler Mahmud in his early days as governor under Samanid authority. He likewise decorated the coins which bore this title with a sword (see below, at the bottom of the right picture).


Edit: to prevent me from spreading misinformation; some searching shows this center text is generally read as "Sana al-Dawla" = "Splendor of the state". So my explanation of the sword is probably not correct (though the "Sayf al-dawla" title was indeed used by several qarakhanid rulers).
« Last Edit: November 03, 2018, 09:06:46 PM by THCoins »