Author Topic: Austria: pre-euro coinage from 1946 to 2001  (Read 1540 times)

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Offline <k>

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Austria: pre-euro coinage from 1946 to 2001
« on: October 13, 2018, 09:52:20 AM »
In 1938 Hitler invaded and annexed Austria, the country of his birth. It is said that he always referred to Germany as "the motherland" but Austria he called "the fatherland". Incidentally, he adored his mother but despised his father.

Under Hitler, Austria became a mere region of Germany and used the German Reichsmark. In 1945 Austria regained its independence at the end of World War 2.



From Wikipedia:

The schilling was reintroduced after World War II on November 30, 1945 by the Allied Military, who issued paper money (dated 1944) in denominations of 50 groschen up to 100 schilling. The exchange rate to the Reichsmark was 1:1, limited to 150 schilling per person. The Nationalbank also began issuing schilling notes in 1945 and the first coins were issued in 1946.

Offline <k>

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Re: Austria: pre-euro coinage from 1946 to 2001
« Reply #1 on: October 13, 2018, 09:55:30 AM »
The 1 groschen coin was issued in 1947 only. The coin was minted until 1980. It is unusual to find post-war zinc coins issued by a prosperous country like Austria.

Somewhat controversially, the eagle on the coat of arms now carried a hammer and sickle in its talons, which seemed like a reference to communism. The Soviet Union occupied a significant portion of Austria until 1955.

Image courtesy of coinz.eu.

 
« Last Edit: October 13, 2018, 03:42:46 PM by <k> »

Offline <k>

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Re: Austria: pre-euro coinage from 1946 to 2001
« Reply #2 on: October 13, 2018, 09:57:57 AM »
The 2 groschen coin was first issued in 1950 and was made of aluminium. The coin was also issued until 1994.

Image courtesy of MA-Shops.

Offline <k>

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Re: Austria: pre-euro coinage from 1946 to 2001
« Reply #3 on: October 13, 2018, 10:00:01 AM »
The 5 groschen coin was first issued in 1948 and was also made of zinc. The coin was also issued until 1994.

The reverse of the coin featured edelweiss flowers.

Offline <k>

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Re: Austria: pre-euro coinage from 1946 to 2001
« Reply #4 on: October 13, 2018, 10:02:51 AM »
The 10 groschen coin was first issued from 1947 to 1949 and was also made of zinc.

The reverse of the coin featured two gentian flowers.

Offline <k>

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Re: Austria: pre-euro coinage from 1946 to 2001
« Reply #5 on: October 13, 2018, 10:08:09 AM »
A 20 groschen coin made of aluminium-bronze was issued in 1950, 1951 and 1954. The denomination was thereafter never replaced in the coinage.

Image courtesy of MA-Shops.

Offline <k>

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Re: Austria: pre-euro coinage from 1946 to 2001
« Reply #6 on: October 13, 2018, 10:10:13 AM »
An aluminium 50 groschen coin was issued in 1946, 1947, 1952 and 1955.

Image courtesy of MA-Shops.

Offline <k>

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Re: Austria: pre-euro coinage from 1946 to 2001
« Reply #7 on: October 13, 2018, 10:12:26 AM »
An aluminium 1 schilling coin was first issued in 1946. It was also issued in 1947, 1952 and 1957.

It showed a naked male peasant sowing seed.

Image courtesy of MA-Shops.

Offline <k>

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Re: Austria: pre-euro coinage from 1946 to 2001
« Reply #8 on: October 13, 2018, 10:14:39 AM »
The peasant on the 1 schilling was taken from a painting by Albin Egger-Lienz entitled "The Sower and the Devil".

Offline <k>

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Re: Austria: pre-euro coinage from 1946 to 2001
« Reply #9 on: October 13, 2018, 10:19:32 AM »
An aluminium 2 schilling coin featuring an attractive design of grapes and barley was issued in 1946, 1947 and 1952. Thereafter the denomination was not replaced.

Image courtesy of MA-Shops.

Offline <k>

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Re: Austria: pre-euro coinage from 1946 to 2001
« Reply #10 on: October 13, 2018, 10:21:51 AM »
An aluminium 5 schilling coin was issued in 1952 and 1957.

Image courtesy of MA-Shops.

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Re: Austria: pre-euro coinage from 1946 to 2001
« Reply #11 on: October 13, 2018, 10:24:22 AM »
In 1959 a smaller aluminium-bronze coin replaced the aluminium 50 groschen coin. It featured a gentian on the reverse.

Image courtesy of MA-Shops.

Offline <k>

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Re: Austria: pre-euro coinage from 1946 to 2001
« Reply #12 on: October 13, 2018, 10:27:56 AM »
Also in 1959 an aluminium-bronze coin replaced the aluminium 1 schilling coin. It featured edelweiss flowers on the reverse.

Image courtesy of MA-Shops.

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Re: Austria: pre-euro coinage from 1946 to 2001
« Reply #13 on: October 13, 2018, 10:31:40 AM »
In 1960 a silver coin replaced the aluminium 5 schilling coin. The obverse featured a Lipizzaner horse and rider from the famous Spanish Riding School in Vienna. It was last minted in 1968. From 1968 to 2001, a copper-nickel coin of the same design replaced the silver version.

Image courtesy of MA-Shops.

Offline <k>

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Re: Austria: pre-euro coinage from 1946 to 2001
« Reply #14 on: October 13, 2018, 10:43:21 AM »
A silver 10 schilling coin was issued in 1957 and last minted in 1973. A copper-nickel version of the same type was issued from 1974 to the year 2000. The reverse featured the head of a woman from the Wachau region wearing traditional costume.

Image courtesy of MA-Shops.