Poll

Which is your favourite euro design structure?

Type 1: one common design for the national side
0 (0%)
Type 2a: a common design for tiers 1 and 2, and another design for tier 3 (1 and 2 euro)
0 (0%)
Type 2b: a common design for tiers 1 and 2, a design for the 1 euro, and one for the 2 euro
1 (14.3%)
Type 3a: one national design per tier - three designs in total
0 (0%)
Type 3b: one design for tier 1, one for tier 2, and different designs for the 1 and 2 euro
0 (0%)
Type 4: a different national design for each coin - eight designs in total
6 (85.7%)

Total Members Voted: 7

Author Topic: Design structure of the euro sets  (Read 1284 times)

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Offline <k>

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Design structure of the euro sets
« on: August 25, 2018, 12:00:49 PM »
Usually we think of coins as having an obverse and a reverse. However, in the euro zone, the preferred terms are "common side" and "national side." Below you see the common side of the euro coins.

I know that at some point the map was changed, but that detail is irrelevant to the design factors that I want to analyse in this topic.

You can see that, as far as metal content is concerned, the euro coins can be divided into three tiers:

1] Red coins 1, 2 and 5 euro cents.

2] Yellow coins: 10, 20 and 50 euro cents.

3] Bimetallic coins: 1 and 2 euro.

Offline <k>

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Re: Design structure of the euro sets
« Reply #1 on: August 25, 2018, 12:04:16 PM »
Next I would like to classify the national sets according to the number of designs on their national sides and how these designs are spread across the three tiers.

Type 1 is easy. These sets use only a single design on their national sides. I shall now illustrate the Type 1 sets.

Offline <k>

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Re: Design structure of the euro sets
« Reply #2 on: August 25, 2018, 12:05:50 PM »
Belgium: King Albert's set. I know that originally his monogram appeared alongside the stars on the rim, but that is irrelevant to my subject.

Offline <k>

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Re: Design structure of the euro sets
« Reply #3 on: August 25, 2018, 12:07:01 PM »
Belgium: King Philippe. This is also a Type 1 set.
« Last Edit: August 25, 2018, 12:25:24 PM by <k> »

Offline <k>

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Re: Design structure of the euro sets
« Reply #4 on: August 25, 2018, 12:07:48 PM »
Estonia: the only design being a map of the country.

Offline <k>

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Re: Design structure of the euro sets
« Reply #5 on: August 25, 2018, 12:08:51 PM »
Ireland: only the harp appears on the national side. We know it so well from the Irish pre-euro coins.

Offline <k>

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Re: Design structure of the euro sets
« Reply #6 on: August 25, 2018, 12:45:27 PM »


Lithuania is also a Type 1 set.

Offline <k>

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Re: Design structure of the euro sets
« Reply #7 on: August 25, 2018, 12:45:56 PM »
Pope John Paul II died in 2005. The euro set for the Vatican City, of 2002 to 2005, showed three different portraits of him. I will illustrate the set later.

After he died, the remaining coins of 2005 showed the Vatican City's emblem only on the national side. This was known as a "Sede vacante" set, indicating "seat vacant", i.e. no pope.

Offline <k>

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Re: Design structure of the euro sets
« Reply #8 on: August 25, 2018, 12:46:15 PM »

The national side of the Vatican City's set since 2017.



From 2014 to 2016, the Vatican euro set showed three different portraits of Pope Francis. I will illustrate them later. However, Pope Francis decided he no longer wanted his portrait to appear on the coin, so since 2017 the national side of the euros features the Pope's personal arms only. This is then another Type 1 set, according to my classification.

 
« Last Edit: August 25, 2018, 02:17:54 PM by <k> »

Offline <k>

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Re: Design structure of the euro sets
« Reply #9 on: August 25, 2018, 12:47:19 PM »
So, I count seven Type 1 sets in total. Are you surprised there are so many? I am.

As for the designs, I find that the portraits look more interesting. Also, the knight is more interesting than the harp, and the harp is more interesting than the map.



You can visualise the Type 1 sets in this way:

Tier 1.  a a a
Tier 2.  a a a
Tier 3.  a a

Here a letter refers to a distinct design type, but since we have only one design, I have used only the letter "a".



I characterise my Type 2 sets as having only one design of "a" in tiers 1 and 2. Six coins therefore share a common design. However, I then split my type 2 into two separate categories, to accommodate the differences in tier 3.

Type 2a.

Tier 1.  a a a
Tier 2.  a a a
Tier 3.  b b



Type 2b.

Tier 1.  a a a
Tier 2.  a a a
Tier 3.  b c

 
« Last Edit: August 25, 2018, 05:57:13 PM by <k> »

Offline <k>

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Re: Design structure of the euro sets
« Reply #10 on: August 25, 2018, 12:47:47 PM »
The Netherlands under Queen Beatrix was a type 2a set.

Offline <k>

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Re: Design structure of the euro sets
« Reply #11 on: August 25, 2018, 12:48:12 PM »
The Netherlands under King Willem-Alexander is also a type 2a set.

Offline <k>

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Re: Design structure of the euro sets
« Reply #12 on: August 25, 2018, 12:48:37 PM »
The Vatican City set of 2002-5 was a type 2a set. It depicted Pope John Paul II.

Interestingly, the same portrait was used for tier 3 as on tiers 1 and 2, but now it has a different coup.

The legend is arranged differently on the tier 1 and 2 coins, so perhaps they could be regard as sub-types. However, I only want to consider the pictorial parts of the design.

Offline <k>

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Re: Design structure of the euro sets
« Reply #13 on: August 25, 2018, 12:49:47 PM »
The Vatican City set of for Pope Benedict was also a type 2a set.

The coup on tier 3 is slightly longer than on the other two tiers.

Once more, the legend is arranged differently on the tier 1 and 2 coins.

Offline <k>

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Re: Design structure of the euro sets
« Reply #14 on: August 25, 2018, 12:51:54 PM »
So, we have four sets in total of Type 2a.

Now let's look at the Type 2b sets.