Author Topic: Deventer Kampen Zwolle  (Read 337 times)

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Offline Pellinore

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Deventer Kampen Zwolle
« on: July 31, 2018, 12:15:31 PM »
One of my pursuits is putting my iphone on the glass case in a local museum to make pictures of coins. These are in Museum De Waag in Deventer, in the eastern part of the Netherlands. 16th century coins issued by the three Hanseatic League cities on the lower IJssel river: Deventer, Zwolle and Kampen. Now as attractive as ever, lovable small towns with Gothic and Roman churches, each founded in the early Middle Ages and still boasting a medieval street pattern with walls and moats.

De Waag ('Weighing House') itself was built in the same time as when these coins were struck. At the outside, the huge bronze cauldron where coin counterfeiters were to be boiled is still for show...

These coins were definitely not counterfeit. The silver ones are karolusdaalders, 'Charles Talers' issued with a forceful portrait of the emperor Charles V on the obverse and the arms of the three cities on the reverse.

And then there's the gold florin of the same period - it ended with the Dutch revolt against the Habsburg king Philipp II of Spain, after 1568, a revolt that counted many town sieges.

-- Paul




Online Figleaf

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Re: Deventer Kampen Zwolle
« Reply #1 on: August 01, 2018, 07:54:58 PM »
The usual reasons: money and politics. In the Dutch war of independence (1568-1648), one of the reproaches of the rebels was that the king did not respect old privileges, mostly obtained from the German emperor, like the king, a Habsburg. As the rebels were winning and becoming a respectable government, they felt compelled to restore the privileges taken away. A number of them concerned minting rights, as the Habsburg king had been busily trying to introduce a uniform coinage. Hence the Karolusdaalder and its subdivision.

It took until the aftermath of the war of 1672 before the federal government of the Republic of the Seven United Netherlands could get a grip on minting. Until that time, the same cycle was played time and again. Small towns claiming minting rights (hence Zwolle and to a lesser degree Kampen) did not get any work from the provincial governments, who let the mints of their capital handle it - hence Deventer. Trying to survive, the small mints pulled a Franklin Mint: claiming to work on order of an obscure German state, they struck coins "on the German standard", overpriced them in Dutch stuivers and circulated them locally or wherever their agents could sell them, usually at a discount. Gresham's law made the lightweight coins successful competitors of the official coins. When the situation became untenable, the small mints were threatened and cajoled into stopping, with the federal government paying a compensation. That went well for a while, until the small mints started minting again and the cycle started again.

Small point. The cauldron was not an empty threat. It was used in 1434 to execute the mint master of the Batenburg mint. The poor fellow acted on orders of bannerman Diederik II. Another point: the cauldron was used for target practice by Napoleonic French soldiers, which explains why it looks more like a sieve.

Peter
An unidentified coin is a piece of metal. An identified coin is a piece of history.