Author Topic: Julius Caesar, AR Denarius, Utica(?), 46 BC, Sear 1403  (Read 203 times)

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Offline Overlord

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Julius Caesar, AR Denarius, Utica(?), 46 BC, Sear 1403
« on: December 17, 2017, 01:28:01 PM »
Weight=3.30 g

Obverse: Head of Ceres right, wreathed with corn ears; around inscription DICT•ITER COS•TERT (Dictator Iterum Consul Tertium; Dictator for the second time, Consul for the third time)

Reverse: Emblems of the augurate and the pontificate: simpulum, aspergillum, jug and lituus; above and below, inscription AVGVR PONT•MAX (Augurus Pontifex Maximus; Augur and Supreme Priest)


Offline Figleaf

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Re: Julius Caesar, AR Denarius, Utica(?), 46 BC, Sear 1403
« Reply #1 on: December 27, 2017, 04:24:29 PM »
Piece of history for sure. Dictator used to be a function reserved for military leaders when the city of Rome was threatened, e.g. when Hannibal was roaming the area around Rome. The Optimates were no longer a threat in 46, though. Clearly, Caesar was assembling power, feeding the distrust of his rivals in the senate. By 44, Caesar would be dead.

Caesar got his second dictatorship after the battle of Munda (March 45 BC) - he received his first dictatorship after the battle of Thapsus (February 46). Wiki puts his third consulate in 45 BC. The coin must have been struck between February 46 and March 45. Statistically, 46 is more likely, but 45 remains possible.
An unidentified coin is a piece of metal. An identified coin is a piece of history.