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Author Topic: Indonesia: coins of the 1990s  (Read 124 times)

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Offline <k>

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Indonesia: coins of the 1990s
« on: November 11, 2017, 04:08:10 PM »
From Wikipedia:

The Republic of Indonesia is a unitary sovereign state and transcontinental country located mainly in Southeast Asia, with some territories in Oceania. Situated between the Indian and Pacific oceans, it is the world's largest island country, with more than seventeen thousand islands. At 1,904,569 square kilometres (735,358 square miles), Indonesia is the world's 14th-largest country in terms of land area and the 7th-largest country in terms of combined sea and land area. It has an estimated population of over 261 million people and is the world's fourth most populous country, the most populous Austronesian nation, as well as the most populous Muslim-majority country. The world's most populous island, Java, contains more than half of the country's population.

Offline <k>

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Re: Indonesia: coins of the 1990s
« Reply #1 on: November 11, 2017, 04:12:34 PM »
After a period of high inflation from the late 1950s and through the 1960s, when only banknotes were issued, Indonesia issued a new series of coins, starting in 1971. The coins had stylish designs, and several of them included birds.

See: Indonesia, Birds, and Wallace's Line.



In 1991 Indonesia started a new design series, with several coins of higher denominations than before. The designs now featured mainly plants, instead of birds.

Offline <k>

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Re: Indonesia: coins of the 1990s
« Reply #2 on: November 11, 2017, 04:22:49 PM »
In the 1970s, the lowest denomination of coin issued was the 1 rupiah coin. Because of inflation, the lowest denomination of the new series in the 1990s was the 25 rupiah coin. This aluminium coin was first issued in 1991 and featured a nutmeg plant on the reverse. The obverse of all the new coins featured the Indonesian national emblem and the words "BANK INDONESIA".

Offline <k>

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Re: Indonesia: coins of the 1990s
« Reply #3 on: November 11, 2017, 04:30:44 PM »
Also in 1991, Indonesia issued a new 50 rupiah coin. Made of aluminium-bronze, the reverse design featured a Komodo dragon.

From Wikipedia:

The Komodo dragon (Varanus komodoensis), also known as the Komodo monitor, is a large species of lizard found in the Indonesian islands of Komodo, Rinca, Flores, Gili Motang, and Padar. A member of the monitor lizard family Varanidae, it is the largest living species of lizard, growing to a maximum length of 3 metres (10 ft) in rare cases and weighing up to approximately 70 kilograms (150 lb). Komodo dragon group behaviour in hunting is exceptional in the reptile world. The diet of big Komodo dragons mainly consists of deer, though they also eat considerable amounts of carrion. Komodo dragons also occasionally attack humans.



The image below is of a proof version of the coin, courtesy of Heritage Auctions.

Offline <k>

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Re: Indonesia: coins of the 1990s
« Reply #4 on: November 11, 2017, 04:34:32 PM »
The new 100 rupiah coin was also made of aluminium-bronze and was issued from 1991 onward. Its reverse design featured men taking part in bull-racing.



The image below is of a proof version of the coin, courtesy of Heritage Auctions.

Offline <k>

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Re: Indonesia: coins of the 1990s
« Reply #5 on: November 11, 2017, 04:40:41 PM »
The new 500 rupiah coin was also made of aluminium-bronze and was issued from 1991 to 1994. It was the first circulation coin of that denomination. Its reverse design featured the jasmine flower (Jasminum sambac), the national flower.

BUNGA MELATI means jasmine flower in the Indonesian language.



The image below is of a proof version of the coin, courtesy of Heritage Auctions.

Offline <k>

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Re: Indonesia: coins of the 1990s
« Reply #6 on: November 11, 2017, 04:51:50 PM »




Inflation was increasing again, and a bimetallic 1000 rupiah coin was issued in 1993. The reverse design featured an oil palm.

Offline <k>

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Re: Indonesia: coins of the 1990s
« Reply #7 on: November 11, 2017, 04:57:36 PM »




A new 500 rupiah coin was issued in 1997. Still in aluminium-bronze, and still 24 mm in diameter, like the previous coin, it did however lack the scalloped shape within the inner rim. The design now showed a small jasmine flower above the denomination.

Offline <k>

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Re: Indonesia: coins of the 1990s
« Reply #8 on: November 11, 2017, 05:11:21 PM »




From 1999 to 2003, Indonesia produced a new design series, which once again featured birds. However, it did include a single jasmine design. Strictly speaking, it's off topic, but I am showing it above. It was a 500 rupiah coin, surprisingly in aluminium now, and bigger than the previous 500 rupiah coin.

See also: Indonesia, Birds, and Wallace's Line.

 
« Last Edit: November 12, 2017, 11:28:16 AM by <k> »

Offline <k>

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Re: Indonesia: coins of the 1990s
« Reply #9 on: November 11, 2017, 05:14:10 PM »
The new series of the 1990s was very stylish. There is an artistry to the Indonesian coins, which extends to the fonts used and the placements of the different elements. The 1990s series is as attractive as the bird series of the 1970s, even though it looks very different.

Offline <k>

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Re: Indonesia: coins of the 1990s
« Reply #10 on: November 15, 2017, 03:44:14 PM »
Here is an example of Jasminum sambac, Indonesia's national flower, which appears on several of the designs shown above. Surprisingly, the petals are white. I was expecting a more exotic colour.

Offline <k>

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Re: Indonesia: coins of the 1990s
« Reply #11 on: November 15, 2017, 03:53:32 PM »




As for the Komodo dragon, here is how it looks in real life. Doesn't it know it's rude to stick your tongue out? Apparently it has been known to kill and eat people. But what does the beast taste like itself? Komodo dragon tikka masala, anyone?  >:D