Author Topic: Second Coinage of the Republic of South Africa  (Read 1825 times)

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Offline <k>

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Re: Second Coinage of the Republic of South Africa
« Reply #15 on: August 27, 2017, 05:52:23 AM »
In 1967 a special 1 rand coin was issued to commemorate the first anniversary of the death of Verwoerd. A portait of Verwoerd by Tommy Sasseen replaced Jan van Riebeeck on the obverse. The reverse showed the springbok design as before. The coin came in both Afrikaans and English language versions.

Offline <k>

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Re: Second Coinage of the Republic of South Africa
« Reply #16 on: August 27, 2017, 06:28:39 AM »
As a result of the Boer wars, when the British had treated the Afrikaners brutally, many Afrikaners had developed a siege mentality and a persecution complex, maybe even a martyr complex. This had paved the way for the rise of the National Party and the extremist ideologue, Verwoerd. Not all Afrikaners were extremists: Prime Minister Jan Smuts had been far more moderate in his views than Verwoerd.

During the Cold War, the USA and the West greatly feared the possible rise of communism in Africa. South Africa was staunchly anti-communist and an ally of the USA. That is presumably why the USA tolerated South Africa's policy of apartheid, since it did not wish to antagonise an important ally.

Offline <k>

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Re: Second Coinage of the Republic of South Africa
« Reply #17 on: August 27, 2017, 12:21:02 PM »
In 1968 the portrait of Jan van Riebeeck did not appear on the obverse of the circulating coinage. It appeared only on the obverse of the rand coin that was issued in sets. Instead, the portrait of the retiring president, Charles Robberts Swart, appeared on the obverse of the 1c to 50c coins, to commemorate the end of his presidency. This policy of commemorating retiring presidents became something of a numismatic tradition in South Africa.

Below you see the English language version of the obverse of the 10 cents.

Offline <k>

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Re: Second Coinage of the Republic of South Africa
« Reply #18 on: August 27, 2017, 12:21:56 PM »
The Afrikaans language version of the obverse of the 50 cents, 1968.

Offline <k>

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Re: Second Coinage of the Republic of South Africa
« Reply #19 on: August 27, 2017, 12:33:15 PM »
In 1969 Jan van Riebeeck returned to the obverse of the coinage. However, this time he did not appear on the 1 rand coin at all - either in sets or in circulation. Instead, a commemorative one rand coin was issued, to mark the end of the presidency of Dr. T.E. Dnges. The obverse portrait was again by Tommy Sasseen, while the reverse carried the usual springbok design. Below you see the Afrikaans version of the coin.

Offline <k>

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Re: Second Coinage of the Republic of South Africa
« Reply #20 on: August 27, 2017, 12:33:42 PM »
Below you see the English language version of the coin.

Offline <k>

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Re: Second Coinage of the Republic of South Africa
« Reply #21 on: August 27, 2017, 12:36:21 PM »
Th reverse of the 1969 1 rand was completely new and was a one-year type only. It showed the coat of arms of South Africa with supporters (springbok on the left, gemsbok on the right).

Offline <k>

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Re: Second Coinage of the Republic of South Africa
« Reply #22 on: August 27, 2017, 12:41:01 PM »
The portrait of Jan van Riebeeck did not appear on the coinage after 1969. Perhaps it was considered too "Afrikaner-centric" - who knows? Also, the tradition of minting two separate versions of each coin - an Afrikaans version and an English language version - was not continued after 1969. The obverse designs of the coinage therefore looked rather different in the 1970s, but the standard reverse designs did not change.

Offline <k>

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Re: Second Coinage of the Republic of South Africa
« Reply #23 on: August 27, 2017, 12:43:51 PM »



A cent coin was not issued for the series until 1970. Unlike the other lower denominations, it did not include a symbol for "cent" and showed only the denomination. Tommy Sasseen's sparrows were again used for this design, recalling a similar situation with the coinage of the Union of South Africa, when the same ship design appeared on the halfpenny and the penny.

Offline <k>

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Re: Second Coinage of the Republic of South Africa
« Reply #24 on: August 27, 2017, 01:02:13 PM »



The obverse of the cent showed the South African coat of arms. This design now appeared on the obverse of all the coins, except in those years when it was replaced by the portrait of a retiring president. The cent coin was struck in one version only, showing "SOUTH AFRICA" on the left of the legend and "SUID-AFRIKA" on the right. This version of the positioning of the legend appeared on alternating denominations: the c, 2c, 10c and 50c coins. The version that showed "SUID-AFRIKA" on the left appeared on the 1c, 5c, 20c and 1 rand coins. This was similar to the practice adopted for the coins of the first series (1961 to 1964).

Offline <k>

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Re: Second Coinage of the Republic of South Africa
« Reply #25 on: August 27, 2017, 01:17:34 PM »
Here is a table showing the weight of the coins in grams and their diameter and thickness in centimetres.



   Value      Weight      Diameter      Thickness      
   c      2      16.21      1.47      
   1c      3      19.05      1.57      
   2c      4      22.45      1.71      
   5c      2.5      17.35      1.58      
   10c      4      20.7      1.7      
   20c      6      24.2      1.84      
   50c      9.5      27.85      2.21      
   1 R      15      32.7      2.25      



By today's standards, the 50c and 1 Rand coins were still quite large.

Offline <k>

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Re: Second Coinage of the Republic of South Africa
« Reply #26 on: August 27, 2017, 01:25:01 PM »
Here, for comparison,  is a table showing the dimensions of the coin series of 1961 to 1964.


   Value      Weight      Diameter      Thickness      
   c      5.7      25.6      1.8      
   1c      9.58      31      2      
   2c      1.41      16.3      0.96      
   5c      2.83      19.35      1.4      
   10c      5.66      23.7      1.8      
   20c      11.31      28.7      2.39      
   50c      28.28      38.8      3.04      



The 1965 series was considerably smaller and lighter than the 1961 series. The dimensions of the 1961 coins had largely been based on those of their predecimal counterparts.

Offline <k>

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Re: Second Coinage of the Republic of South Africa
« Reply #27 on: August 27, 2017, 04:23:31 PM »
The next retiring president to appear on the circulating coinage was Jacobus Johannes Fouch in 1976. His portrait was used on the c to 50c cents but not on the 1 rand coin.

Offline <k>

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Re: Second Coinage of the Republic of South Africa
« Reply #28 on: August 27, 2017, 04:39:37 PM »
Nicolaas Johannes Diederichs was the next president to appear on the coinage, in 1979. His portrait was used on all the coins, from the c to the 1 rand coin.

In the years when no president appeared on the obverse of the coins, the standard obverse of the coat of arms appeared instead.

Offline <k>

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Re: Second Coinage of the Republic of South Africa
« Reply #29 on: August 27, 2017, 04:46:06 PM »
Balthazar Johannes Vorster, better known as John Vorster, appeared on the obverse of all the circulating coins of 1982.